- Shopping Bag ( 0 items )
Ships from: acton, MA
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
The Twelfth Edition of this best-selling, topically organized anthology provides a superb balance of historical selections and recent material. Now a part of Wadsworth's new Advantage Series and issued for the first time in a paperback format at a reduced price, this new edition features more readings than ever before—79 total—all, where necessary, in the finest translations available. The readings complement each other and naturally build on the topic being covered. Clear, concise introductions to each Part provide just enough guidance to let students learn from experiencing the readings themselves. The text's long-heralded selection of readings covers topics such as reason and religious belief, human knowledge, mind and its place in nature, determinism, free will and responsibility, and morality and its critics in five parts with careful attention to opposing points of view.
Preface. Part One: REASON AND RELIGIOUS BELIEF. Introduction. The Existence of God. Anselm of Canterbury: The Ontological Argument: from Proslogium. Gaunilo: On Behalf of the Fool. William L. Rowe: The Ontological Argument. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways, from Summa Theologica. Samuel Clarke: A Modern Formulation of the Cosmological Argument. William L. Rowe: The Cosmological Argument. William Paley: The Argument from Design. David Hume: Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, II-XI. Deborah Mathieu: Male-Chauvinist Religion. The Problem of Evil. Fyodor Dostoevsky, Rebellion: from The Brothers Karamazov. B.C. Johnson: God and the Problem of Evil. Richard Swinburne: Why God Allows Evil, from Is there a God? Reason and Faith. W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief. William James: The Will to Believe. Kelly James Clark: Without Evidence or Argument. Blaise Pascal: The Wager. Simon Blackburn: Miracles and Testimony, from Think. Part Two: HUMAN KNOWLEDGE: ITS GROUNDS AND LIMITS. Introduction. Skepticism. John Pollock: A Brain in a Vat. Sextus Empiricus: The Modes of Skepticism, from Outlines of Pyhrronism. Roderick M. Chisholm: The Problem of the Criterion. Our Knowledge of the External World. Rene Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy. John Locke: The Causal Theory of Perception, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. George Berkeley: Of the Principles of Human Knowledge. Thomas Reid: Of the Existence of a Material World, from Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense. G.E. Moore: Proof of an External World. The Methods of Science. David Hume: An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, II, IV-VII. Wesley C. Salmon: An Encounter with David Hume. Karl Popper: Conjectures and Refutations. Philip Kitcher: Believing Where We Cannot Prove, from Abusing Science. Part Three: MIND AND ITS PLACE IN NATURE. Introduction. The Mind-Body Problem. Richard Swinburne: A Defense of Substance Dualism. Frank Jackson: The Qualia Problem. David Papineau: The Case for Materialism. Peter Carruthers: The Mind is the Brain, from Introducing Persons. Paul M. Churchland: Behaviorism, Materialism, and Functionalism, from Matter and Consciousness. Can Non-Humans Think? Alan Turing: Computing Machinery and Intelligence. John R. Searle: Minds, Brains, and Programs. William G. Lycan: Robots and Minds, from Consciousness. Colin Allen: Star Witness. Personal Identity and the Survival of Death. John Locke: The Prince and the Cobbler, from An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Thomas Reid: Of Identity and Of Mr. Locke's Account of Identity, from Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man. David Hume: The Self, from A Treatise of Human Nature. Derek Parfit: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons. Daniel Dennett: Where Am I?, from Brainstorms. John Perry: A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality. Part Four: DETERMINISM, FREE WILL AND RESPONSIBILITY. Introduction. Hard Determinism: The Case for Determinism and its Incompatibility With Any Important Sense of Free Will. Paul Holbach: The Illusion of Free Will, from System of Nature. Ted Honderich: A Defense of Hard Determinism, from How Free are You? Compatibilism: The Case for Determinism and its Compatibility with the Most Important Sense of Free Will. A. J. Ayer: Freedom and Necessity, from Philosophical Essays. Walter T. Stace: The Problem of Free Will, from Religion and the Modern Mind. Libertarianism: The Case for Free Will and its Incompatibility with Determinism. Roderick Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self. Robert Kane: Free Will: Ancient Dispute, New Themes. Freedom and Moral Responsibility. Aristotle: The Preconditions of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics. Harry Frankfurt: Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility. Thomas Nagel: Moral Luck. Susan Wolf: Sanity and the Metaphysics of Responsibility. Part Five: MORALITY AND ITS CRITICS. Introduction. Challenges to Morality. Joel Feinberg: Psychological Egoism. James Rachels: Ethical Egoism, from Elements of Moral Philosophy. Plato: The Immoralist's Challenge, from Republic, Book II. Friedrich Nietzsche: Master and Slave Morality, from Beyond Good and Evil. Proposed Standards of Right Conduct. Russ Shafer-Landau: Ethical Subjectivism. Aristotle: The Nature of Virtue, from Nicomachean Ethics. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan: Pt. I: chs. XIII-XV. John Rawls: Justice as Fairness, from A Theory of Justice. Philip Quinn: God and Morality. Immanuel Kant: The Good Will and The Categorical Imperative from Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism, Chapters 1-2. W.D. Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right?, from The Right and the Good. Ethical Problems. Martha Nussbaum: Judging Other Cultures: The Case of Genital Mutilation. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality. Onora O''Neill: Kantian Approaches to Some Famine Problems. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia. Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion. Don Marquis: An Argument that Abortion is Wrong. John Harris: The Survival Lottery. Peter Singer: All Animals are Equal. Plato: Crito. Glossary.