Aerodynamics of Wings and Bodies

Overview

Amid a welter of topics on the aeronautical engineering curriculum-hypersonic fluid mechanics, heat transfer, nonequilibrium phenomena, etc.-this concise text stands out as a rigorous, classroom-tested treatment of classical aerodynamic theory-indispensable background for aeronautical engineers and the foundation of current and future research. The present volume is also unique for its recognition of matched asymptotic expansions as a unifying framework for introducing boundary-value problems of external flow ...

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Overview

Amid a welter of topics on the aeronautical engineering curriculum-hypersonic fluid mechanics, heat transfer, nonequilibrium phenomena, etc.-this concise text stands out as a rigorous, classroom-tested treatment of classical aerodynamic theory-indispensable background for aeronautical engineers and the foundation of current and future research. The present volume is also unique for its recognition of matched asymptotic expansions as a unifying framework for introducing boundary-value problems of external flow over thin wings and bodies. In addition, the book fully acknowledges the important role of high-speed computers in aerodynamics.
After a short review of the fundamentals of fluid mechanics, the authors offer a fairly extensive treatment of constant-density inviscid flow. Chapter 3 deals with singular perturbation problems, presenting an extremely useful technique not to be found in most texts. Subsequent chapters give solid basic coverage of these topics:
Chap. 4-Effects of Viscosity
Chap. 5-Thin-Wing Theory
Chap. 6-Siender-Body Theory
Chap. 7-Three-Dimensional Wings in Steady, Subsonic Flow
Chap. 8-Three-Dimensional Thin Wings in Steady Supersonic Flow
Chap. 9- Drag at Supersonic Speeds
Chap. 10- Use of Flow-Reversal Theorems in Drag Minimization Problems
Chap. 11- lnterference and Nonplanar Lifting Surface theories
Chap. 12- Transonic Small-Disturbance Flow
Chap. 13-Unsteady Flow

Ideal as a primary or supplementary text at the graduate level, Aerodynamics of Wings and Bodies also offers working engineers a valuable reference to the results of modern aerodynamic research and a selection of new and useful analytical tools.
Holt Ashley is Professor of Aeronautics/ Astronautics and Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University. Marten Landahl is in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at M.l.T. and in the Department of Mechanics, The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

1. Review of Fundamentals of Fuid Mechanics
  1-1 General Assumptions and Basic Differential Equations
  1-2 Conservation Laws for a Barotropic Fluid in a Conservative Body Force Field
  1-3 Some Geometric or Kinematic Properties of the Velocity Field
  1-4 The Independence of Scale in Inviscid Flows
  1-5 Vortex Theorems for the Ideal Fluid
  1-6 Integral Conservation Theorems for Inviscid Fluid
  1-7 Irrotational Flow
  1-8 The Acceleration Potential
2. Constant-Density Inviscid Flow
  2-1 Introduction
  2-2 The Three-Dimensional Rigid Solid Moving Through a Liquid
  2-3 The Representation of ? in Terms of Boundary Values
  2-4 "Further Examination of the Rigid, Impermeable Solid Moving Through a Constant-Density Fluid Without Circulation"
  2-5 Some Deductions from Lagrange's Equations of Motion in Particular Cases
  2-6 Examples of Two- and Three-Dimensional Flows Without Circulation
  2-7 Circulation and the Topology of Flow Regimes
  2-8 Examples of Constant-Density Flows Where Circulation May Be Generated
  2-9 "Two-Dimensional, Constant-Density Flow: Fundamental Ideas"
  2-10 "Two-Dimensinal, Constant-Density Flow: Conformal Transformations and Their Uses"
  2-11 The Kutta Condition and Lift
3. Singular Perturbation Problems
  3-1 Introduction
  3-2 Expansion in a Small Parameter; Singular Peturbation Problems
4. Effects of Viscosity
  4-1 Introduction
  4-2 Qualitative Effects of Viscosity
  4-3 Boundary Layer on a Flat Plate
5. Thin-Wing Theory
  5-1 Introduction
  5-2 Expansion Procedure for the Equations of Motion
  5-3 Thin Airfoils in Incompressible Flow
  5-4 Thin Airfoils in Supersonic Flow
6. Slender-Body Theory
  6-1 Introduction
  6-2 Expansion Procedure for Axisymmetric Flow
  6-3 Solutions for Subsonic and Supersonic Flows
  6-4 General Slender Body
  6-5 Examples of Lifting Slender-Body flow
  6-6 The Pressure Drag of a Slender Body in Supersonic Flow
  6-7 Transverse Forces and Moments on a Slender Body
7. "Three-Dimensional Wings in Steady, Subsonic Flow"
  7-1 Compressibility Corrections for Wings
  7-2 Constant-Density Flow: the Thickness Problem
  7-3 Constant-Density Flow: the Lifting Problem
  7-4 Lifting-Line Theory
  7-5 More Refined Theories of Lifting-Line type
  7-6 Theories of Lifting-Surface Type
8. Three-Dimensional Thin Wings in Steady Supersonic Flow
  8-1 Introduction
  8-2 Nonlifting Wings
  8-3 Lifting Wings of Simple Planform
  8-4 The Method of Evvard and Krasilshchikova
  8-5 Conical Flows
  8-6 Numerical Integration Schemes
    Appendix to Section 8-4
9. Drag at Supersonic Speeds
  9-1 Introduction
  9-2 Calculation of Supersonic Drag by Use of Momentum Theory
  9-3 Drag of a Lineal Source Distribution
  9-4 Optimum Shape of a Slender Body of Revolution
  9-5 Drag of a General Source Distribution. Hayes' Method
  9-6 Extension to Include Lift and Side Force Elements
  9-7 The Supersonic Area Rule
  9-8 Wave Drag Due to Lift
10. Use of Flow-Reversal Theorems in Drag Minimization Problems
  10-1 Introduction
  10-2 "Drag of a General Singularity Distribution from a "Close" Viewpoint"
  10-3 The Drag Due to Lift in Forward and Reverse Flows
  10-4 The Drag Due to Thickness in Forward and Reverse Flows
  10-5 The Drag of a General Distribution of Singularities in Steady Supersonic Forward or Reverse Flows
  10-6 The Combined Flow Field
  10-7 Use of the Combined Flow Field to Identify Minimum Drag Conditions
  10-8 The Calculation of Minimum Drag by Solution of an Equivalent Two-Dimensional Potential Problem
11. Interference and Nonplanar Lifting-Surfaces Theories
  11-1 Introduction
  11-2 Interfering or Nonplanar Lifting Surfaces in Subsonic Flow
  11-3 Special Cases and Numerical Solution
  11-4 Loads on Interfereing Surfaces in Subsonic Flow
  11-5 Nonplanar Lifting Surfaces in Supersonic Flow
12 Transonic Small-Disturbance flow
  12-1 Introduction
  12-2 Small-Perturbation Flow Equations
  12-3 Similarity Rules
  12-4 Methods of Solution
13 Unsteady Flow
  13-1 Statement of the Problem
  13-2 "Two Dimensional, Constant-Density Flow"
  13-3 Airfoils Oscillating at Supersonic and Subsonic Speeds
  13-4 Indicial Motion in a Compressible Fluid
  13-5 Three-Dimensional Oscillating Wings
  References and Author Index
  List of Symbols
  Index
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