Affirmative Action in the United States and India: A Comparative Perspective

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Arguably, two of the most important national experiences with policies of positive discrimination in favor of historically disadvantaged ethnic or caste minority groups are the cases of 'Affirmative Action' in the United States and 'Reservation Policies' in India. This essential new book examines the consequences of affirmative action in both countries using a clear cost-benefit analysis. All those with an interest in affirmative action will appreciate the book's lucidity, use of evidence and policy implications.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of abbreviations
Pt. I The differing contexts and potential consequences of positive discrimination in the US and India 3
1 On the origins and nature of positive discrimination policies in the US and India 6
2 The debate over positive discrimination in the US and in India 21
3 The potential benefits and costs of positive discrimination 41
4 A theoretical analysis of the consequences of positive discrimination policies 59
5 The differing contexts of positive discrimination in the US and India 80
6 A comparative analysis of the likely consequences of positive discrimination in the US and India 93
Pt. II An empirical analysis of positive discrimination in admissions to higher educational institutions in the US and India 105
7 Positive discrimination in admissions to higher educational institutions 107
8 Toward an empirical assessment of claims of benefits and costs from positive discrimination 123
9 Affirmative action and enrollments in US universities 134
10 Reservation policies and enrollments in Indian universities 146
11 Affirmative action and academic performance in US universities 156
12 Reservation policies and academic performance in Indian universities 168
13 Affirmative action and career accomplishments in the US 179
14 Further evidence on the effects of affirmative action in US universities 194
15 Review of the findings on the consequences of positive discrimination policies in university admissions 205
Pt. III Conclusion 227
16 Concluding observations on policies of positive discrimination 229
Notes 247
Bibliography 270
Index 278
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