Africa in World History / Edition 3

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Provides a view of African history in the wider context of world history.

Africa in World History is the first comprehensive survey to illustrate how Africans have influenced regions beyond their continent’s borders, how they have been influenced from the outside and how internal African developments can be compared to those elsewhere in the world. By identifying and presenting key debates within the field of African history, this volume encourages students to confront the many oversimplified myths regarding Africa and its people.

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab at no extra charge, please visit or use ISBN: 9780205098491.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205053995
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/8/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 192,631
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Erik Gilbert was born in Fairfax, Virginia. He and his family moved to Ghana in 1966, when he was two years old. He subsequently lived in Nigeria, Cameroun and Tanzania. He did his undergraduate work at the College of William and Mary, where he studied ancient Greek. After a short stint as an ice cream scooper, bartender and ski bum, he went to the University of Vermont where he received an M.A. in history. He then moved to Boston University where he received a Ph.D. in African history in 1997. His research has focused primarily on coastal East Africa and Indian Ocean trade. Indian Ocean research has taken him to Zanzibar on a Fulbright scholarship, to Yemen (where in addition to doing research in the ports, he studied Arabic at the Yemen Language Center) and to Kenya. He has taught at Casdeton State College, the University of Vermont and is currently an associate professor of history at Arkansas State University.

Jonathan T. Reynolds completed his undergraduate work at the University of Tennesse in 1988 with majors in honors history, anthropology and ancient Mediterranean civilizations. He completed his Ph.D. in African history at Boston University in 1995. A specialist in West Africa and Islam, he has traveled extensively in the region since 1990–including an unsuccessful attempt at driving across the Sahara in a British car in 1994. His research has been supported by the Fulbright Foundation and the West Africa Research Association. He has taught at Bayero University, the University of Tennessee, Livingstone College (where he received the Aggrey Award for Excellence in Teaching in 1998) and Northern Kentucky University (where he received the Outstanding Junior Faculty Award in 2001). He served as the coordinator for the Southeastern Regional Seminar on African Studies from 1997 to 2000. Dr. Reynolds currently holds the rank of associate professor of history at Northern Kentucky University.

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Table of Contents

List of Maps
Special Features
Changes to the Third Edition
About the Authors

Part I: Africa Up To 1500 C.E.

Chapter 1: Physical Context of African History: Geography and Environment
Physical Features of the Continent
Challenges of the African Environment
The African Environment in Global Perspective

Chapter 2: Africa and Human Origins
Early Perspectives on Human Origins and the Notion of Race
Africa and Human Origins in Global Perspective

Chapter 3: Finding Food and Talking About It: The First 100,000 Years
Humans and the Environment: Foraging for Food
Regional Foraging Strategies
The African Environment and the First Modern Humans in Global Perspective

Chapter 4: Settled Life: Food Production, Technology, and Migrations
The Origins of Food Production
Animal Domestication
The Social, Political, and Economic Impact of Food Production
The Bantu Expansion
Metallurgy and the Banana
Political and Religious Culture in Early African History
Early African Migrations, Technology, and Culture in Global Perspective

Chapter 5: North and Northeast Africa in Early World History
Egypt in Early World History
Ancient Egypt and Greece
Carthage and Rome in Early Northern Africa
Ancient Nubia and the Horn of Africa in the Ancient World
Ancient Africa United: The Afrocentric Argument
Ancient North and Northeastern Africa in Global Perspective

Chapter 6: Africa and the Early Christian World
The Spread of Christianity in Africa
African Contributions to Early Christian Thought
The Decline of African Christianity
Early African Christianity in Global Perspective

Chapter 7: North and West Africa and the Spread of Islam
The Origins of Islam
Islam in North Africa
Empires, Trade, and Islam in the West African Savannah
The Rise of Mali
The Rise of Songhai
Islam in Kanem-Bornu and Hausaland
African Traditional Religions and Conversion
The Africanization of Islam
Islam in North and West Africa in Global Perspective

Chapter 8: East Africa and the Advent of Islam
The Monsoons
Swahili Origins
Islam and the Emergence of the Swahili as a Distinctive Group
Life in the Early Swahili Towns: 750—1000
The High Point of Swahili Civilization: 1000—1500
Urban Transformation
Economic Transformation
Kilwa: A Case Study
The Swahili Coast in Global Perspective

Part II: Africa Since 1500 C.E.

Chapter 9: Slavery and the Creation of the Atlantic World
The Institution of Slavery before the Rise of the Atlantic Trade
Slavery in the Mediterranean and Europe
Slavery in Africa
The Institution of Slavery
The Birth of the Plantation Complex
New Sea Routes
The Plantation System in the New World
Race and Slavery in the New World
The Nature of the Slave Trade
Shipboard Conditions
The Human Toll
Justifications for the Slave Trade
Counting the Cost
African Culture in Diaspora
African Religion in the New World
Independent African Communities in the New World
Diasporic Africans Back in Africa–Routes of Return
The Atlantic System and Economic Change
The Atlantic System and the Industrial Revolution
The Atlantic System and African Poverty
Abolition of the Slave Trade
The End of the Atlantic World
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Global Perspective

Chapter 10: West and West-Central Africa: 1500—1880
The Setting: West and West-Central Africa Prior to European Contact
First Impressions
Early Relations–Religion, Trade, and Politics
Africa Transformed? Africa and the Atlantic Slave Trade
Regional Developments in the Era of the Slave Trade
The End of the Slave Trade and the Rise of Legitimate Trade
West and West-Central Africa 1500—1880, in Global Perspective

Chapter 11: North Africa and the Soudan: 1500—1880
The Ottomans in Egypt
The Ottomans in the Maghreb
Ottoman Culture in North Africa
The Rise of Morocco
Invasion and Reform in Egypt
French Invasion in Algeria
Religious Change in the Soudan to the 1880s
North Africa and the Soudan, 1500—1880, in Global Perspective

Chapter 12: East Africa, 1500—1850
The Arrival of the Portuguese
The Omani Empire in East Africa
The Busaids
Britain and the Suppression of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade
Links to the Interior
Portuguese and Omani Dominance in Global Perspective

Chapter 13: Southern Africa, 1500—1870
Terrain, Climate, and Settlement
Shaka and the Rise of the Zulu State
Mzilikazi and the “Ndebele”
The “Voortrekkers”
The British Expansion and the Formation of the Boer Republics
South Africa in Global Perspective, 1500—1870

Chapter 14: Colonialism and African Resistance
Europe’s Industrial Transformation and Africa
Quinine and Colonialism
Weapons and Colonialism
The Great Transformation
The Limits of Resistance
The Colonization of a Continent
The Expansion of the Gold Coast Colony
Creating the Belgian Congo
Ethiopia: Where European Imperialism Failed
African Colonization in Global Perspective

Chapter 15: Economic Change in Modern Africa: Forced Integration into the World System
The Cash Crop Revolution
Colonial Transportation Networks
Cocoa Farming in Ghana
Cotton and Groundnuts in Nigeria
Africans as Wage Laborers
Slavery and Labor in Zanzibar
Settlers in the Kenya Highlands
The Cities of Africa
Women and Work in Colonial Africa
The Movement to Independence and Modernization
African Economic History in Global Perspective

Chapter 16: Political Change in the Time of Colonialism
Varieties of Colonial Administration
World War I and Colonial Rule
Colonialism and African “Elites”
World War II and the Twilight of Colonial Rule
Colonial Rule in Africa in Global Perspective

Chapter 17: African Culture in the Modern World
Africa and Anthropology
Christianity and Colonialism
Independent Churches
Islam as a Globalizing Force
Migrants and Mobility
Soccer on the Global Stage
Movies and Music
Modern African Culture in Global Perspective

Chapter 18: Politics in the Era of Decolonization and Independence
The Era of Decolonization
The Rise of African Nationalist Movements
Decolonization in the Settler States and Portuguese Africa
After Colonialism: Independence¼or into Dependence?
The Challenges of Independence
The Congo Crisis
Political Change in Independent Africa: Innovation or Regression?
Independent African States in Global Perspective

Chapter 19: Contemporary Africa
The End of the Cold War and Political Change in Africa
The End of Apartheid
Conflict and Collapsed States in the Post—Cold War Era
Africa and the War on Terror
The Rwandan Genocide and the “African World War”
Genocide in Sudan?
Globalization and Development in Contemporary Africa
The HIV Pandemic and Africa
African Solutions
Contemporary Africa in Global Perspective–Looking Back, Looking Ahead

Selected Bibliography

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