African American Psychology: From Africa to America / Edition 1

African American Psychology: From Africa to America / Edition 1

by Faye Z. (Zollicoffer) Belgrave, Kevin W. (Wendell) Allison, Kevin W. Allison

ISBN-10: 076192471X

ISBN-13: 9780761924715

Pub. Date: 08/28/2005

Publisher: SAGE Publications

This core textbook provides students with comprehensive coverage of African American psychology as a field. Each chapter integrates African and American influences on the psychology of African Americans, thereby illustrating how contemporary values, beliefs, and behaviors are derived from African culture translated by the cultural socialization experiences of


This core textbook provides students with comprehensive coverage of African American psychology as a field. Each chapter integrates African and American influences on the psychology of African Americans, thereby illustrating how contemporary values, beliefs, and behaviors are derived from African culture translated by the cultural socialization experiences of African American in this country.

Key Features

• Emphasizes the importance of culture in understanding behavior by providing accessible descriptions of concepts and research specifically relevant to African American culture

• Offers a broad, integrative perspective by including theory and research from both the traditional American psychology literature and the newer Afrocentric literature

• Enhances student learning by incorporating a consistent pedagogical design throughout

New to This Edition

• Contains updated literature and research, chapter-opening news stories, and descriptive and demographic information

• Presents a new Critical Analyses section in each chapter that portrays the authors' critical perspective, including directions for future research and practice

• Includes new chapters titled Race and Racism and Careers, Vocations, and Employment

• Expands the chapter on aggression, violence, and crime to contrast that material with prosocial behavior such as volunteerism and philantropy.

• Provides a new section in each chapter on empirically supportive or promising practices directed at enhancing or improving the outcomes and behavior of African Americans

Intended Audience

This text is appropriate for all undergraduate students enrolled in Multicultural Psychology, Black or African American Psychology, Minority Psychology, Cross-Cultural Psychology, and similar classes.

Product Details

SAGE Publications
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xiii

1 Introduction to African American Psychology 1

Introduction, Definition, and Conceptual Frameworks 2

Historical Perspective on the Psychological Study of African Americans 5

Self-Determination 12

Status of African American Psychology Today 21

Methodological and Research Issues 23

Critical Analysis 24

Summary 25

2 Africentric Psychology 27

Introduction to the Africentric Worldview and Historical Framework 28

African American Psychologists and Africentric Psychology 31

African Philosophy 36

Africentric Research With African Americans 46

Methodological and Research Issues 50

Empirically Based Practices in Africentric Psychology 55

Critical Analysis 57

Summary 59

3 Self-Attributes and Identity 61

Introductions, Definitions, and Conceptual Framework 62

Self-Concept Among African Americans 66

Identity: Development and Change 68

Models of Racial Identity 70

Sexual Identity 80

Acculturation, Racial Socialization, and Gender Roles 81

Methodological and Research Issues 86

Promising and Empirically Supported Practices for Increasing Positive Self-Attributes 89

Critical Analysis 92

Summary 93

4 Race and Racism 95

Introduction, Definitions, and Historical Overview 96

Types of Racism 104

Consequences of Racism 107

Coping With Racism 112

Methodological and Research Issues 116

Evidence-Based Practices for Reducing Racism 119

Critical Analysis 121

Summary 122

5 Kinship and Family 123

Definitions and Historical Background on African American Families 124

African American Family Structure 127

What Does the African American Family Look Like? 130

Strengths, Coping, and Parenting Patterns142

Impact of Oppression and Discriminatory Policies on African American Families 148

Methodological and Research Issues 150

Evidence-Based Practices for Strengthening African American Families 151

Critical Analysis 154

Summary 156

6 Educational Systems 157

Introduction and Overview 159

Developmental Perspectives on the Educational Experiences of African Americans 164

Culture in Education 176

Methodological and Research Issues 180

Evidence-Based Practices for Improving Educational Outcomes 182

Critical Analysis 184

Summary 185

7 Neighborhoods and Communities 187

Introduction and Overview 188

Demographic and Historical Perspectives on the African American Community 192

Theoretical Perspectives on Communities 195

Research on African American Communities 198

Methodological and Research Issues 204

Evidence-Based Practice and Policy for Community and Neighborhood Improvement 206

Critical Analysis 208

Summary 209

8 Interpersonal and Close Relationships 211

Introduction, Definitions, and Historical Perspectives 212

Friendships and Peer Relationships 214

Romantic Relationships 217

Interpersonal Attraction 221

Interracial Attitudes, Friendships, and Relationships 227

Gay and Lesbian Relationships 232

Methodological and Research Issues 236

Evidence-Based Practices for Improving Relationships 237

Critical Analysis 238

Summary 239

9 Cognition, Learning, and Language 241

Introduction, Definitions, and Historical Framework 242

Cognitive Styles 246

Learning Styles 248

Language 254

Methodological and Research Issues 259

Promising Practices for Increasing Cognitive and Language Skills 260

Critical Analysis 264

Summary 265

10 Religion and Spirituality 267

Introduction, Definitions, and Background 268

Historical Influences 273

Contemporary African American Churches 280

Spirituality, Religion, and Well-Being 283

Contemporary Topics 286

Methodological and Research Issues 290

Empirically Based Practices Using Religion and Spirituality 291

Critical Analysis 293

Summary 295

11 Life-Span Development 297

Introduction and Definitions 298

Demographics 300

Theoretical Perspectives on the Development of African Americans 306

Research on the Development of African Americans 309

Methodological and Research Issues 321

Best Practices for Improving Developmental Outcomes 324

Critical Analysis 326

Summary 328

12 Health, Illness, and Disability 329

Introduction and Definitions 330

Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Health Care Utilization 334

Models of Health and Illness Behaviors 339

Selected Health and Illness Conditions Among African Americans 345

Methodological and Research Issues in Studying Health and Illness Among African Americans 349

Evidence-Based Practices for Reducing Morbidity and Mortality 351

Critical Analysis 354

Summary 355

13 Psychosocial Adaptation and Mental Health 357

Introduction and Definitions 358

Theoretical Perspectives and Conceptualizations of Psychological Dysfunction Among African Americans 360

Research Perspectives on African American Mental Health Data 369

Methodological and Research Issues 375

Evidence-Based Practices for Improving Mental Health Outcomes 382

Critical Analysis 384

Summary 385

14 Drug Use and Abuse 387

Introductions, Definitions, and Historical Perspectives 388

Current Drug Use Among African Americans 391

Causes and Consequences of Drug Use 395

Methodological and Research Issues 406

Evidence-Based Practices for Preventing and Treating Drug Use 408

Critical Analysis 411

Summary 412

15 Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior 413

Introduction 414

Prosocial Behavior: Definitions and Historical Foundations 414

Selected Topics in Prosocial Behavior 416

Definition and Conceptual Framework: Aggression 422

Theories of Aggression and Violence 424

Community and Youth Violence 429

Violence Against Women 434

Methodological and Research Issues 438

Best Practices for Increasing Prosocial Behavior and Decreasing Antisocial Behavior 439

Critical Analysis 442

Summary 443

16 Careers, Vocations, and Employment 445

Introduction, Definitions, and Historical Overview 446

Employment and Income 451

Work, Employment, and Culture 452

Vocations and Careers 456

African Americans in the Workplace 461

Methodological and Research Issues 467

Best Practices for Improving Vocations and Employment 469

Critical Analysis 470

Summary 473

Concluding Note 475

References 477

Author Index 523

Subject Index 537

About the Authors 553

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