African American Voices: A Documentary Reader, 1619-1877 / Edition 4

African American Voices: A Documentary Reader, 1619-1877 / Edition 4

by Steven Mintz

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ISBN-10: 1405182679

ISBN-13: 9781405182676

Pub. Date: 03/04/2009

Publisher: Wiley

A succinct, up-to-date overview of the history of slavery that places American slavery in comparative perspective.

  • Provides students with more than 70 primary documents on the history of slavery in America
  • Includes extensive excerpts from slave narratives, interviews with former slaves, and letters by African Americans that document the


A succinct, up-to-date overview of the history of slavery that places American slavery in comparative perspective.

  • Provides students with more than 70 primary documents on the history of slavery in America
  • Includes extensive excerpts from slave narratives, interviews with former slaves, and letters by African Americans that document the experience of bondage
  • Comprehensive headnotes introduce each selection
  • A Visual History chapter provides images to supplement the written documents
  • Includes an extensive bibliography and bibliographic essay

Product Details

Publication date:
Uncovering the Past: Documentary Readers in American History Series, #1
Edition description:
New Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

List of Figures x

Series Editors' Preface xi

Preface to the New Edition xiii

Preface xv

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 "Death's Gwineter Lay His Cold Icy Hands on Me": Enslavement 40

1 A European Slave Trader, Describes the African Slave Trade (1682) John Barbot 42

2 A Muslim Merchant, Recalls His Capture and Enslavement (1733) Ayubah Suleiman Diallo 45

3 An Employee of Britain's Royal African Company Describes the Workings of the Slave Trade (1738) 48

4 Olaudah Equiano, an II-Year-Old Ibo from Nigeria, Remembers His Kidnapping into Slavery (1789) 49

5 A Scottish Explorer, Mungo Park, Offers a Graphic Account of the African Slave Trade (1797) 51

6 Venture Smith Relates the Story of His Kidnapping at the Age of Six (1798) 52

Chapter 2 "God's A-Gwineter Trouble de Water": The Middle Passage and Arrival 57

1 A European Slave Trader, Describes a Shipboard Revolt by Enslaved Africans (1700) James Barbot, Jr. 59

2 Olaudah Equiano, Who Was Born in Eastern Nigeria, Describes the Horrors of the Middle Passage (1789) 62

3 A Doctor, Alexander Falconbridge, Describes Conditions on an English Slaver (1788) 65

4 Olaudah Equiano Describes His Arrival in the New World (1789) 70

5 An English Physician, Alexander Falconbridge, Describes the Treatment of Newly Arrived Slaves in the West Indies (1788) 71

Chapter 3 "A Change is Gonna Come": Slavery in the Era of the American Revolution 74

1 The Poet Phillis Wheatley Writes about Freedom and Equal Rights (1774) 75

2 Massachusetts Slaves Petition for Freedom (1774) 76

3 Virginia's Royal Governor Promises Freedom to Slaves Who Join the British Army (1775) 78

4 Virginia's Assembly Denounces Lord Dunmore'sProclamation (1775) 79

5 Connecticut Slaves Petition for Freedom (1779) 80

6 Boston King, a Black Loyalist, Seeks Freedom Behind British Lines (1798) 82

7 A Participant in Gabriel's Rebellion Explains Why He Took Part in the Attempted Insurrection (1812) 84

8 Gabriel's Brother Explains the Rebellion's Objectives (1800) 84

9 President Tries to Arrange for the Deportation of Men Involved in Gabriel's Rebellion (1802) Thomas Jefferson 85

Chapter 4 "We Raise de Wheat, Dey Gib Us de Corn": Conditions of Life 87

1 A Free Black Kidnapped from New York, Solomon Northrup, Describes the Working Conditions of Slaves on a Louisiana Cotton Plantation (1853) 88

2 a Slave in Maryland, South Carolina, and Georgia, Compares Working Conditions on Tobacco and Cotton Plantations (1858) Charles Ball 89

3 a Maryland Slave, Describes Slave Housing, Diet, and Clothing (1877) Josiah Henson 91

4 Who Was a Slave near Washington, D.C., Describes Living Conditions Under Slavery (1856) Francis Henderson 93

5 A South Carolina Slave, Recalls the Material Conditions of Slave Life (1898) Jacob Stroyer 94

6 A Former Virginia Slave, Remembers a Slave Auction (1937) James Martin 95

7 Born into Slavery in Virginia, Describes a Slave Sale (1868) Elizabeth Keckley 96

Chapter 5 "Nobody Knows the Trouble I've Seen": Visual History of Slavery 98

1 The Inspection and Sale of an African Captive Along the West African Coast (1854) 99

2 An Illustration of the Layout of a Slave Ship (1807) 100

3 Enslaved Africans on the Deck of a Slave Ship (1860) 102

4 Two Slave Sale Advertisements (1859, c.1780s) 103

5 A Fugitive Slave Advertisement (1774) 105

6 An Illustration of a Slave Auction at Richmond, Virginia (1856) 107

7 Five Generations of a Slave Family (c.1850s) 108

8 An Engraving Illustrating Nat Turner's Insurrection (c.1831) 109

9 A Plantation Manual Offers Detailed Instructions to Overseers about How They Are to Treat Nursing Mothers (1857-1858) 110

10 African Americans in Baltimore Celebrate the Ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment, Extending the Vote to Black Men (1870) 111

Chapter 6 "O Mother Don't You Weep": Women, Children, and Families 114

1 Describes Her Efforts to Escape Verbal, Physical, and Sexual Abuse (1861) Harriet Jacobs 115

2 Describes How She Aborted a Slave Sale (1889) Bethany Veney 119

3 Escapes to Freedom During the Civil War (1902) Susie King Taylor 121

4 Recalls the Formative Experiences of His Childhood (1898) Jacob Stroyer 123

5 Pennington Analyzes the Impact of Slavery upon Childhood (1849) James W. C. 126

6 Describes the Moment When He First Recognized the Meaning of Slavery (1842) Lunsford Lane 128

7 Learns that Her Husband, Who Had Been Sold Away, Has Taken Another Wife (1869) Laura Spicer 130

8 An Overseer Attempts to Rape Mother (1877) Josiah Henson's 132

9 Discusses the Impact of Slavery on Family Life (1846) Lewis Clarke 135

Chapter 7 "Go Home to My Lord and Be Free": Religion 138

1 from Eastern Nigeria, Describes West African Religious Beliefs and Practices (1789) Olaudah Equiano 139

2 a Slave in Maryland, Remembers a Slave Funeral, which Incorporated Traditional African Customs (1837) Charles Ball 142

3 a Former Virginia Slave, Describes the Religious Gatherings Slaves Held Outside of Their Masters' Supervision (1893) Peter Randolph 142

4 Who Toiled in Slavery in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Arkansas, Discusses "Conjuration" (1849) Henry Bibb 145

Chapter 8 "Oppressed So Hard They Could Not Stand": Punishment 148

1 a Fugitive Slave from Maryland, Describes the Circumstances that Prompted Masters to Whip Slaves (1845) Frederick Douglass 149

2 of Virginia Describes a Lashing She Received (1868) Elizabeth Keckley 150

3 Born into Slavery in Virginia, Has Bells and Horns Fastened on His Head (1855) John Brown 152

4 a Missouri Slave Driver, Is Tied Up in a Smokehouse (1847) William Wells Brown 153

5 a Slave in Georgia and the Carolinas, Is Punished for Attempting to Run Away (1837) Moses Roper 154

6 A Kentucky Slave, Describes the Implements His Mistress Used to Beat Him (1846) Lewis Clarke 155

Chapter 9 "Let My People Go": Resistance and Flight 157

1 Resists a Slave Breaker (1845) Frederick Douglass 158

2 a Baptist Preacher in Virginia, Describes His Revolt Against Slavery (1831) Nat Turner 163

3 a Former Maryland Slave, Sneaks into the South to Free Slaves (1872) Harriet Tubman 167

4 Life and Methods for Liberating Slaves (1863, 1865) Harriet Tubman's 169

5 the "President" of the Underground Railroad, Assists Fugitives to Escape Slavery (1876) Levi Coffin 172

6 A Maryland Slave, Follows the North Star to Freedom (1879) Margaret Ward 174

7 Borrows a Sailor's Papers to Escape Slavery (1855, 1895) Frederick Douglass 177

8 Henry "Box" Brown of Virginia Escapes Slavery in a Sealed Box (1872) 179

9 a Fugitive Slave from Kentucky, Kills Her Daughter Rather Than See Her Returned to Slavery (1876) Margaret Garner 181

Chapter 10 "The Walls Came Tumblin' Down": Emancipation 184

1 the Mother of a Black Soldier, Pleads with President Abraham Lincoln Not to Rescind the Emancipation Proclamation (1863) Hannah Johnson 185

2 Private Thomas Long Assesses the Meaning of Black Military Service During the Civil War (1870) 186

3 Cherry Appeals for Equal Opportunity for Former Slaves (1865) Corporal Jackson 187

4 a former Tennessee Slave, Declines His Former Master's Invitation to Return to His Plantation (1865) Jourdon Anderson 188

5 Major General Rufus Saxon Assesses the Freedmen's Aspirations (1866) 190

6 Describes the Attitudes of Ex-Confederates Toward the Freedmen (1865) Colonel Samuel Thomas 191

7 of South Carolina Asks for Land for the Freedmen (1868) Francis L. Cardozo 192

8 The Rev. Is Attacked by the Ku Klux Klan (1872) Elias Hill 193

9 a Former Arkansas Slave, Describes Sharecropping (1937) Henry Blake 194

10 Assesses the Condition of the Freedmen (1880) Frederick Douglass 195

Bibliographical Essay 198

Bibliography 204

Index 236

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