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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Basmattee Boodram, PhD, MPH (University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health)
Description: African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States. This book reviews the history and context of HIV/AIDS in African Americans and discusses interventions targeting specific subpopulations.
Purpose: To shed light on the potential causes for this disparity, the authors effectively provide an overview of HIV/AIDS in African Americans and review contextual and structural risk factors. They also discuss evidence-based, individual level interventions for African American subpopulations and population-level structural interventions.
Audience: The authors intend this book for anyone interested in a greater understanding of HIV among African Americans and it is appropriate for health workers, researchers, academics, students, and activists. Each chapter is written by leading experts in the area.
Features: The first section explores specific contextual and structural factors related to HIV/AIDS among African Americans. To begin, the authors effectively present historical, epidemiological, and surveillance data on HIV/AIDS among African Americans. Subsequent chapters address these data in the context of poverty and racism, organized religion, disparities in incarceration rates, trauma, substance abuse, mental health issues, violence, and sexual abuse. The second section begins with a systematic review of evidence-based HIV/AIDS interventions. Subsequently, specific interventions for subgroups within the African American community, including adolescents, heterosexually active men and women, men who have sex with men, and intravenous drug users are discussed. Finally, the book reviews structural interventions with an emphasis on racism and poverty. For each topic, the book presents an extensive review of the literature and a balanced presentation of the issues.
Assessment: This is an expertly written body of work that superbly summarizes some key areas for understanding the HIV/AIDS epidemic disparity among African Americans. It will be a valuable handbook for a broad array of individuals.