African Americans and Native Americans in the Cherokee and Creek Nations, 1830s-1920s: Collision and Collusion

African Americans and Native Americans in the Cherokee and Creek Nations, 1830s-1920s: Collision and Collusion

by Katja May, May Katja
     
 

ISBN-10: 0815324499

ISBN-13: 9780815324492

Pub. Date: 01/28/1996

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Illuminating the historical development of race relations from African American, Cherokee, and Muskeg (Creek) points of views, this book weaves a rich tapestry from oral history accounts, manuscript census schedules, and ethnohistorical literature. The Cherokee and Creek tribes were two of the largest in the Southeast and their forcible removal to Indian Territory…  See more details below

Overview

Illuminating the historical development of race relations from African American, Cherokee, and Muskeg (Creek) points of views, this book weaves a rich tapestry from oral history accounts, manuscript census schedules, and ethnohistorical literature. The Cherokee and Creek tribes were two of the largest in the Southeast and their forcible removal to Indian Territory affected tens of thousands of Africans and Native Americans
This innovative study describes Creek and Cherokee social organization and culture change in the early 19th century, uses oral accounts to examine the impact of Removal on black-Indian relations, and analyzes Creek-black Indian political alliances during the Green Peach War and the anti-allotment Crazy Snake Uprising. Two chapters contain analyses of samples from federal manuscript census schedules of 1900 and 1910, describing demographics, intermarriage patterns, and education
The study also links African American and European American immigration to race relations in Creekand Cherokee history between 1880 and 1920, consulting many sources that have not been used before. The comparison between the neighboring Cherokees and Creeks in the Indian Territory shows different approaches to similar problems, documenting culture change that affected the two societies. The census figures at the beginning of the century are analyzed in terms of four population segments: black Indians, including freedmen, and post-1880 black immigrants, so-called fullbloods, and (white-Indian) "mixed-bloods." The study shows how these categories became metaphors for political and social outlooks and attitudes about race and native Americans. The book ends with a detailed,comprehensive bibliography containing primary and secondary sources with guides to their locations.

(Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley 1994; revised with new preface and index)

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815324492
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
01/28/1996
Series:
Studies in African American History and Culture Series
Edition description:
REVISED
Pages:
308
Product dimensions:
5.60(w) x 8.40(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
List of Photographs
Acknowledgments
1The Context of Indian-Black Relations3
2Creek Confederacy and Cherokee Nation: Indian-Black Relations Prior to 183033
3Cherokee Nation, 1830s-1900s59
4The Muskogee Nation Prior to 190093
5Collusion in Insurgency: The Green Peach War and the Crazy Snake Uprising125
6Demographic Profile: Muskogee Nation, 1880-1910171
7Demograplnc Profile: Cherokee Nation, 1880-1910193
8African American Immigration in the Creek and Cherokee Nations, 1880s-1920s223
9Collision and Collusion255
Bibliography265
Index283

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