African Americans in Pennsylvania: Shifting Historical Perspectives

Overview

This collection serves as the single most comprehensive treatment of Pennsylvania's black history yet to appear in print. ?ChoiceContributors are Elijah Anderson, John F. Bauman, R. J. M. Blackett, John E. Bodnar, Carolyn Leonard Carson, Dennis C. Dickerson, Gerald G. Eggert, V. P. Franklin, Laurence Glasco, Peter Gottlieb, Theodore Hershberg, Leroy T. Hopkins, Norman P. Hummon, Emma Jones Lapsansky, Janice Sumler Lewis, Frederic Miller, Edward K. Muller, Gary B. Nash, Merl E. Reed, Harry C. Silcox, Jean R. ...
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Overview

This collection serves as the single most comprehensive treatment of Pennsylvania's black history yet to appear in print. —ChoiceContributors are Elijah Anderson, John F. Bauman, R. J. M. Blackett, John E. Bodnar, Carolyn Leonard Carson, Dennis C. Dickerson, Gerald G. Eggert, V. P. Franklin, Laurence Glasco, Peter Gottlieb, Theodore Hershberg, Leroy T. Hopkins, Norman P. Hummon, Emma Jones Lapsansky, Janice Sumler Lewis, Frederic Miller, Edward K. Muller, Gary B. Nash, Merl E. Reed, Harry C. Silcox, Jean R. Soderlund, and Joe W. Trotter, Jr.From the onset of the modern civil rights and black power movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s through recent times, scholarship on Pennsylvania's African American experience proliferated. Unfortunately, much of it is scattered in books and journals that are not easily accessible. Under the editorship of Joe W. Trotter and Eric Ledell Smith, African Americans in Pennsylvania brings together an outstanding array of this scholarship and makes it accessible to a wider audience, including general as well as professional students of the black experience.This volume, co-published with the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, offers the most comprehensive history of the state's black history to date. Chapters emphasize the interplay of class and race from the origins of the Commonwealth during the seventeenth century, through the era of deindustrialization in the late twentieth century. We see not only poor and working-class people but also educated business and professional people. And although scholarship has traditionally focused on the experiences of black men, this volume includes significant research on black women. Most important, this volume suggests a conceptual framework for a historical synthesis of the state's African American experience. In his introduction, Trotter assesses the strengths and limitations of existing scholarship, showing how it is built on the contributions of nineteenth-century pioneers as well as those of the first generation of professional historians, including W. E. B. Du Bois, Richard R. Wright, and Edward Raymond Turner. Chapters are grouped into four interlocking parts that correspond to important changes in Pennsylvania's political economy. Each part includes a brief substantive introduction that ties together the themes of the ensuing chapters. This format enables readers to develop their own synthesis of key socioeconomic and political changes in the state's African American experience over more than three centuries of time.African Americans in Pennsylvania shows how ordinary people have influenced the culture, institutions, and politics of African American communities in Pennsylvania. In the process, it documents the ways that black people have influenced, and continue to influence, the state as a whole.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
An anthology of 19 articles about the African-American experience in Pennsylvania, drawing on scholarly essays from local, regional, and national journals. The essays are divided into four sections on the commercial economy (1684<-->1840), the industrializing era (1840<-- >1870), the industrial era (1870<-->1945), and the transformation of the Black community (1945<-->1985). In his introduction, Trotter (history, Carnegie Mellon U.) examines the transformation of the state's black historiography from its early beginnings to the present. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780271016870
  • Publisher: Penn State University Press
  • Publication date: 10/13/1997
  • Pages: 536
  • Sales rank: 1,041,451
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.19 (d)

Meet the Author

Joe W. Trotter Jr. is Mellon Bank Professor of History at Carnegie Mellon University. His books include Coal, Class, and Color: Blacks in Southern West Virginia, 1915–1932 (1990) and The Great Migration in Historical Perspective: New Dimensions of Race, Class, and Gender (1991) (editor).

Eric Ledell Smith is a historian at the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. He is the author of Bert Williams: A Biography of the Pioneer Black Comedian (1992) and Blacks in Opera: An Encyclopedia of People and Companies, 1873–1993(1995).

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Editors' Preface
Introduction: Pennsylvania's African American History: A Review of the Literature 1
Pt. I The Commercial Economy: The Transformation of Africans into African Americans, 1684-1840 41
1 Slaves and Slave Owners in Colonial Philadelphia 43
2 Black Women in Colonial Pennsylvania 73
3 "Since The Got Those Separate Churches": Afro-Americans and Racism in Jacksonian Philadelphia 93
Pt. II The Industrializing Era: The Meaning of Freedom in a Democratic State, 1840-1870 121
4 Free Blacks in Antebellum Philadelphia: A Study of Ex-Slaves, Freeborn, and Socioeconomic Decline 123
5 "Freedom, or the Martyr's Grave": Black Pittsburgh's Aid to the Fugitive Slave 148
6 The Forten-Purvis Women of Philadelphia and the American Antislavery Crusade 166
7 No Balm in Gilead: Lancaster's African American Population and the Civil War Era 177
8 Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia Black Militant: Octavius V. Catto (1839-1871) 198
9 "Two Steps Forward, a Step-and-a-Half Back": Harrisburg's African American Community in the Nineteenth Century 220
Pt. III The Industrial Era: New Patterns of Class, Race, and Ethnicity, 1870-1945 255
10 The Impact of the "New Immigration" on the Black Worker: Steelton, Pennsylvania, 1880-1920 257
11 Migration and Jobs: The New Black Workers in Pittsburgh, 1916-1930 272
12 The Black Migration to Philadelphia: A 1924 Profile 287
13 The Philadelphia Race Riot of 1918 316
14 And the Results Showed Promise ... Physicians, Childbirth, and Southern Black Migrant Women, 1916-1930: Pittsburgh as a Case Study 330
15 Black Workers, Defense Industries, and Federal Agencies in Pennsylvania, 1941-1945 363
16 The Black Church in Industrializing Western Pennsylvania, 1870-1950 388
Pt. IV The Transformation of the Black Community: Toward the Postindustrial Era, 1945-1985 403
17 Double Burden: The Black Experience in Pittsburgh 405
18 Public Housing, Isolation, and the Urban Underclass: Philadelphia's Richard Allen Homes, 1941-1965 443
19 Race and Neighborhood Transition 469
List of Contributors 499
Index 501
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