African Americans in the United States Army in World War II
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African Americans in the United States Army in World War II

by Bryan D. Booker
     
 

ISBN-10: 0786431954

ISBN-13: 9780786431953

Pub. Date: 01/09/2008

Publisher: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers

The political, economic and social landscapes of the United States in the early 1940s were split by one overriding factor—race. This volume explores the ways in which this separation extended to the military forces and the impact which that segregation had on World War II. The book begins with an overview of African Americans and the military from the

Overview

The political, economic and social landscapes of the United States in the early 1940s were split by one overriding factor—race. This volume explores the ways in which this separation extended to the military forces and the impact which that segregation had on World War II. The book begins with an overview of African Americans and the military from the inception of our country and a brief exploration of the African American role in World War I. The focus then moves to between-the-wars movements such as the Protective Mobilization Plan, which promoted the racial integration of the military. The main focus of the work, however, is the African American role in World War II and the second-class stigma which remained in spite of the proven valor and bravery of "colored" units. Groups discussed include the Women's Army Corps; tank destroyers; separate infantry regiments such as the 24th, 65th, 364th, 366th and 372nd; and the 2nd cavalry. Also included is a list of African American World War II veterans belatedly (and, for the most part, posthumously) awarded medals of honor on January 13, 1997.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780786431953
Publisher:
McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers
Publication date:
01/09/2008
Pages:
366
Product dimensions:
10.00(w) x 7.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface     1
Introduction: "The Good War"     5
World War I     11
Between the Wars     32
The African American Press     52
Combat Service Support Units     60
Early Deployments - Pacific Theater     68
Liberia Task Force     75
Road Builders     76
Combat Service Support Deployments     83
Truck Drivers - The Red Ball Express     85
Combat Support Units     87
Women's Army Corps     96
6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion     105
Demobilization     108
Artillery     111
Antiaircraft Artillery     127
Tank Destroyers     131
Separate Infantry Regiments     145
24th Infantry Regiment     146
364th Infantry Regiment     150
366th and 372nd Infantry Regiments     159
65th Infantry Regiment (Puerto Rico)     160
Paratroopers     162
2nd Cavalry and 93rd Infantry Divisions     167
Army Divisions     167
2nd Cavalry Division     168
93rd Infantry Division     172
92nd Infantry Division     192
366th Infantry Regiment     210
December Offensive     212
Operation Fourth Term     223
Reorganization     247
Operation Second Wind     252
Combat Infantry Replacements     274
Armored Forces     285
761st Tank Battalion     288
Camp Hood, Texas     290
Deployment to War     293
Baptism by Fire     295
Aftermath     323
Conclusion     329
The Medal of Honor     335
Chapter Notes     339
Bibliography     353
Index     357

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