African Americans in the West

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Overview

From colonial times to the present, this volume captures the experiences of the westward migration of African Americans. Based on the latest research, it offers a fresh look at the many ways African Americans influenced—and were influenced by—the development of the U.S. frontier.

African Americans in the West covers the rise of the slave trade to its expansion into what was at the time the westernmost United States; from the post–Civil War migrations, including the Exodusters who fled the South for Kansas in 1879 to the mid–20th century civil rights movement, which saw many critical events take place in the West—from the organization of the Black Panthers in Oakland to the tragic Watts riots in Los Angeles.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Part of the outstanding ABC-CLIO 'Cultures in the American West' series, African Americans in the West has as its primary focus an impressive history of African American involvement with western development from 1815 to the present day. . . . African Americans in the West is a seminal contribution to academic and community library African American Studies and American History reference collections, and commended to the attention of non-specialist general readers with an interest in the role of African Americans in the settling of the West."

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Midwest Book Review

"The story of the African American experience in the Western US, from colonial times to the present, is chronicled in this accessible reference for students in high school and up. The book begins by examining slavery on the moving frontier, and the ways in which the frontier ultimately resulted in the abolition of slavery in America. It continues by examining

African American life in the western region as a whole, with material on black cowboys, the rise of the NAACP, the Tulsa race riot, race and organized labor, the era of Black Nationalism, and blacks in Hollywood. The chapter on the African American West since 1980 examines topics including the Rodney King beating, gangsta rap, and suburbanization. The final chapter examines the historiography of the Black West and current issues in multiracial history. A chronology and a glossary are included."

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Reference & Research Book News

"An interpretative rather than an encyclopedic reference, Flamming's (Bound for Freedom) historical guide offers an energetic narrative illuminating the lives of pioneering African Americans, from Colonial-era Afro-Spaniards to African Americans who moved West following the two modern-era Great Migrations. Maps detailing geographical delineations, general migration patterns, and regional ethnic concentrations open the book. The ten subsequent chronologically organized chapters trace the movement of African Americans from Revolutionary-era slavery to freedom through the social upheavals of the 1960s, the nationalist movements of the 1970s, and issues of the contemporary period. A vital companion to William Loren Katz's pictorial history, The Black West."

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Library Journal

"African Americans in the West is the compelling story of the African American experience in the American West. Based on new research, this work expands and updates the scholarship of pioneering historians of the black West (e.g., Loren Katz, Lawrence B. de Graaf, Quintard Taylor), and as such, is destined to become essential reading in the genre. . . . This extensively researched survey of African American in the West is highly recommended for all libraries and levels of readers."

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ARBAonline

"Recommended."

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Library Media Connection

Library Journal
An interpretative rather than an encyclopedic reference, Flamming's (Bound for Freedom) historical guide offers an energetic narrative illuminating the lives of pioneering African Americans, from Colonial-era Afro-Spaniards to African Americans who moved West following the two modern-era Great Migrations. Maps detailing geographical delineations, general migration patterns, and regional ethnic concentrations open the book. The ten subsequent chronologically organized chapters trace the movement of African Americans from Revolutionary-era slavery to freedom through the social upheavals of the 1960s, the nationalist movements of the 1970s, and issues of the contemporary period. A vital companion to William Loren Katz's pictorial history, The Black West.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781598840025
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/30/2009
  • Series: Cultures in the American West Series
  • Pages: 353
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

Series Introduction Scott C. Zeman xi

Preface xv

Maps xix

1 The African American West: Getting Started

Defining the West 3

Why Study the West 11

Americans of African Descent 12

About This Book 17

2 Frontiers of Slavery and Freedom, 1815-1865 21

Slavery on the Early Frontier 24

The Community Impulse|29

Black Individualism 31

Texas and Slavery 34

Indian Territory and Slavery 36

The Mexican War 39

The California Gold Rush 41

The Slavery Cases and Colored Conventions 44

Beyond the West of Bondage?., 50

The West and the Civil War 51

Conclusion 53

Bibliographic Essay 54

3 Trailblazers in the New West, 1866-1890 57

The Cowboys 61

Soldiering West 70

To Kansas! 74

Oklahoma 78

The Black Towns 80

The Rise of the Urban West 83

Building "Community" 86

Bibliographic Essay 90

4 Seeking Freedom in the West, 1890-1920 91

A Different Kind of Black Experience 92

The South in Crisis 94

The "Talented Tenth" Migration 98

The Great Migration 102

No Rush WestWard 105

Community Life in the Black West 107

The Afro-American Council 111

The Colored Women's Clubs 112

The Rise of the NAACP 114

World War I 118

Bibliographic Essay

5 Between The World Wars, 1920-1940 127

The Tulsa Race Riot 130

The Second Ku Klux Klan 133

Garveyism Out West 136

The New Negro Renaissance 140

The Great Depression and the New Deal 150

Bibliographic Essay 157

6 World War Ii and the Great Transformation 159

The Defense Economy 162

The Second Great Migration 165

The Role of the Federal Government 171

Race and Organized Labor 175

The Port Chicago Disaster 181

The Housing Crisis 184

Liberty Ships 188

Bibliographic Essay 189

7The Era Of Racial Liberalism, 1945-1965 191

An Even Greater Migration 135

The Housing Crises 197

Fighting For Civil Rights 202

Direct-Action Protests 208

Direct Action In The West 212

Sports And Entertainment 216

The Political Arena 222

Bibliographic Essay 225

8 The Era Of Black Nationalism, 1965-1980 227

The Black West As Trendsetter 230

Rebellion In Watts 230

The Aftermath 233

"Black Power" 235

Karenga And Kwanzaa 238

The Black Panthers 242

Angela Davis and Che-Lumumba 248

Civil Rights in the West(continued...) 254

The Electoral Arena 255

The 1968 Olympic Games 259

Blacks and Hollywood 262

Conclusion 265

Bibliographic Essay 266

9 The African American West since 1980: Decline And Success 269

The Urban Crisis 273

The Rodney King Beating 276

The L.A Riot 278

Gangsta Rap 283

Willie Brown: Political Star 287

Sports as the Great Equalizer 290

Suburbanization 297

Leaving the West 299

Bibliographic Essay 301

10 Historiography and Current Issues 303

The Historiography of the Black West 305

A New Wave of Multiracial History? 310

A "Minority Majority? 313

Chronology 317

Glassary 329

Selected Bibliography 335

Index 341

About the Author 353

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