African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean / Edition 2

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Overview

This is an original survey of the economic and social history of slavery of the Afro-American experience in Latin America and the Caribbean. The focus of the book is on the Portuguese, Spanish, and French-speaking regions of continental America and the Caribbean. It analyzes the latest research on urban and rural slavery and on the African and Afro-American experience under these regimes. It approaches these themes both historically and structurally. The historical section provides a detailed analysis of the evolution of slavery and forced labor systems in Europe, Africa, and America. The second half of the book looks at the type of life and culture which the salves experienced in these American regimes.

The first part of the book describes the growth of the plantation and mining economies that absorbed African slave labor, how that labor was used, and how the changing international economic conditions affected the local use and distribution of the slave labor force. Particular emphasis is given to the evolution of the sugar plantation economy, which was the single largest user of African slave labor and which was established in almost all of the Latin American colonies.

Once establishing the economic context in which slave labor was applied, the book shifts focus to the Africans and Afro-Americans themselves as they passed through this slave regime. The first part deals with the demographic history of the slaves, including their experience in the Atlantic slave trade and their expectations of life in the New World. The next part deals with the attempts of the African and American born slaves to create a viable and autonomous culture. This includes their adaptation of European languages, religions, and even kinship systems to their own needs. It also examines systems of cooptation and accommodation to the slave regime, as well as the type and intensity of slave resistances and rebellions.

A separate chapter is devoted to the important and different role of the free colored under slavery in the various colonies. The unique importance of the Brazilian free labor class is stressed, just as is the very unusual mobility experienced by the free colored in the French West Indies.

The final chapter deals with the differing history of total emancipation and how ex-slaves adjusted to free conditions in the post-abolition periods of their respective societies. The patterns of post-emancipation integration are studied along with the questions of the relative success of the ex-slaves in obtaining control over land and escape from the old plantation regimes.

"By far the best summary available of the history of African enslavement in Iberian America and the plantation Caribbean...." --Virginia Quarterly Review.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"An outstanding study of considerable interest for courses in Latin American history."--Robert M. Levine, University of Miami

"This work is the first modern comprehensive comparative study of the experience of African slaves in the Spanish-, Portuguese-, and French-speaking regions of America....The interested student could ask for no better introduction to the subject....This is Klein's greatest accomplishment, and...should be a standard work for many years to come."--Hispanic American Historical Review

"Excellent book!!! My students like it too. Klein provides a wonderful overview of every facet of slavery."--T.C. DeLaney, Washington & Lee University

"An elegant, balanced synthesis...By far the best summary available, in any language, of the history of African enslavement in Iberian America and the plantation Caribbean....The book should become a standard teaching tool and an excellent point of departure for additional research into the comparative history of slavery in the Americas."-Business History Review

"Klein once again has produced a good solid work....This is an important piece of literature and is indispensable to serious students of slavery."--Virginia Quarterly Review

"Excellent. Well-researched, attractively written."--F. Lamar Pearson, Jr., Valdosta State College

"Clearly written and drawing upon the most recent scholarship, [this book] will immediately become an essential work for all interested in the study of slavery."--Stanley Engerman, University of Rochester

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195189421
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/6/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 312
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Herbert S. Klein is Director of the Center for Latin American Studies, Professor of History, and Hoover Senior Fellow at Stanford University and Gouverneur Morris Emeritus Professor at Columbia University.

Ben Vinson III is Director of the Center for Africana Studies and Professor of History at Johns Hopkins University.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition

Preface to the First Edition

Maps

1 Origins of the American Slave System 3

2 The Establishment of African Slavery in Latin America in the 16th Century 17

3 Sugar and Slavery in the Caribbean in the 17th and 18th Centuries 49

4 Slavery in Portuguese and Spanish America in the 18th Century 65

5 Slavery and the Plantation Economy in the Caribbean in the 19th Century 85

6 Slavery and the Plantation Economy in Brazil and the Guyanas in the 19th Century 101

7 Life, Death, and the Family in Afro-American Slave Societies 119

8 Creation of a Slave Community and Afro-American Culture 135

9 Slave Resistance and Rebellion 165

10 Freedmen in a Slave Society 193

11 Transition from Slavery to Freedom 227

Bibliographical Notes 247

Tables 273

Index 275

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