African Successes: Four Public Managers of Kenyan Rural Development / Edition 1

African Successes: Four Public Managers of Kenyan Rural Development / Edition 1

by David K. Leonard
     
 

For the past twenty-five years Kenya has progressed while most of Africa has stagnated. Instead of the economic disasters, underdevelopment, and serious food shortages that have plagued its neighbors, Kenya has enjoyed an expanding economy and agriculture. And instead of a corrupt and incompetent public administration, Kenya has established several successful rural… See more details below

Overview

For the past twenty-five years Kenya has progressed while most of Africa has stagnated. Instead of the economic disasters, underdevelopment, and serious food shortages that have plagued its neighbors, Kenya has enjoyed an expanding economy and agriculture. And instead of a corrupt and incompetent public administration, Kenya has established several successful rural development programs run by public servants with integrity and professional commitment.

What accounts for these Kenyan successes? In this innovative study, David Leonard illustrates the way public policy is made and implemented in Kenya by focusing on four public officials who have had a great impact on rural development. He skillfully weaves his analyses of Kenya's political, economic, and administrative systems into evocative biographical portraits of Charles Karanja, General Manager of the Kenya Tea Development Authority, Harris Mule, administrative head of Finance and Planning, Ishmael Muriithi, head of the Veterinary Department, and Simeon Nyachae, Cabinet Secretary and chief of the Civil Service. The result is a fascinating glimpse of Kenyan political life from the inside, set in the context of the historical and social forces that have shaped that country's government.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520070769
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
03/14/1991
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
436
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.97(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxiii
List of Tablesxv
Prefacexvii
Abbreviations and Glossaryxxi
Abbreviated Chronology of Political Events in Kenyaxxiii
List of Principal Persons in the Bookxxv
Simplified Family Trees of the Administrators Studiedxxviii
Acknowledgmentsxxx
1.Introduction: Individuals, Institutions, and Interests1
An Example of Successful Management1
Why This Book?2
Successful Managers3
Rural Development Policies4
The Nature and Evolution of the Kenyan State6
A Modest Theoretical Framework7
Four Public Servants10
A Note on Methodology11
A Preview of the Book13
2.The Foundation15
Everything Has a History15
Disruption16
The Agricultural Economy18
The Missions21
Colonial African Administration26
The Emerging African Social Structure34
Monopoly and Control36
Conclusions38
3.Growing Up and Out of Colonialism39
Charles Kibe Karanja39
Mau Mau from Kiambu46
Simeon Nyachae47
The Political Struggle for Independence51
Ishmael Muriithi54
Dan Mbogo60
Harris Mutio Mule63
Conclusions69
4.Independence and the Emerging Class Structure73
The Political Background to the Republic73
The Colonial Class Structure73
Ethnic Tensions77
Africanization of the Civil Service81
Africanization and the Four Administrators82
Did "Tribalism" Overlay Africanization in the Civil Service?86
Africanizing Land Ownership90
Class Formation and the Matajiri93
Administrators and Land95
Africanizing Commerce and Industry97
Interests: The Interaction of Class and Ethnicity100
5.Nyachae and Administrative Power in the Kenyatta State103
The Institutional Legacy103
Nyachae and the Provincial Administration106
Administration of Land107
Political Representation and Control110
The Balance of Administrative and Political Power113
The Weberian Theory of Administrative Power Applied to Kenya117
Conclusions123
6.Karanja and the Kenya Tea Development Authority125
Success and Institutional Inheritance125
Karanja's Rise through the Ranks129
Karanja's General Managership133
The KTDA Expands into Factory Management137
Conclusions142
7.Muriithi and the Dairy Industry145
The Creation of a Smallholder Dairy Industry145
Dairy Marketing147
Artificial Insemination150
Veterinary Care156
What of Integration?160
Beef Production163
Conclusions165
8.The Moi Presidencies and Their Impact on Karanja and Muriithi168
The Succession168
Bureaucratic Power under the New Regime169
Karanja's Fall from Grace171
The "Second" Moi Presidency176
Muriithi Presides over the Decline in Veterinary Services177
Conclusions181
9.Rural Development, Decentralization, and Mule's183
Apprenticeship Equity and the ILO Report183
Rural Development190
Decentralization196
The Special Rural Development Program196
The Arid and Semi-Arid Lands Program198
Conclusions200
10.Nyachae, Mule, District Focus, and Agriculture202
District Focus203
Agricultural Prices and Markets209
Economic Management in Adversity215
Conclusions218
11.The Unofficial Lives220
Workaholics221
Sons of Their Villages222
Patronage224
Harambee, Patronage, and Politics228
Nyachae's Political Downfall233
Ill-gotten Gains?236
Class and the Next Generation242
Conclusions246
12.African Managerial Success: Conclusions about Individuals248
The Varieties of Management248
Public Policies249
Organizational Leadership249
Internal Administration250
Bureaucratic Hygiene250
Can Managers Affect the Performance of Their Organizations?251
The Policy Responsibilities of Management252
Can Individual Managers Make a Difference?255
The Attributes of Successful Kenyan Management256
Political Connections and Organizational Autonomy257
Professional Concern with Public Policy and Organizational Mission259
Professional Integrity260
Access to Donor Resources261
Africanization262
Being a "Nationalist"264
Staff Management265
Competition and Management Information Systems266
Delegation267
Risk Taking268
Drive269
Selection Policy and Organizational Performance269
Problems with the Current Kenyan Analysis269
Kenyatta's Selection Policies270
Moi's Personnel Policies271
Internationalizing Professionalism272
Conclusions273
13.The State and Administrative Development: Conclusions about Institutions and Interests275
The State275
The Political Forces Directing the State277
The State as a "Commons"279
The Forces Directing the State from Within283
Socialization284
Institutionalization288
Political Responsiveness292
The Strong State295
What of This Can Be Generalized?297
Appendix A.Ethnic Determinants of Civil Service Promotions303
Appendix B.Bureaucratic Influences and the Regional Allocation of Government Services306
Anecdotes and Questions307
Methodology for the Study of Influence308
Regional Allocations: The Dependent Variable312
Categories of Cause: The Independent Variables313
The Quantitative Evidence315
Appendix C.Persons Interviewed330
Notes337
Index of Persons363
Index of Subjects369

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