Africanisms In The Gullah Dialect

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More About This Textbook

Overview

A unique creole language spoken on the coastal islands and adjacent mainland of South Carolina and Georgia, Gullah existed as an isolated and largely ignored linguistic phenomenon until the publication of Lorenzo Dow Turner's landmark volume Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. In his classic treatise, Turner, the first professionally trained African American linguist, focused on a people whose language had long been misunderstood, lifted a shroud that had obscured the true history of Gullah, and demonstrated that it drew important linguistic features directly from the languages of West Africa. Initially published in 1949, this groundbreaking work of Afrocentric scholarship opened American minds to a little-known culture while initiating a means for the Gullah people to reclaim and value their past. The book presents a reference point for today's discussions about ever-present language varieties, Ebonics, and education, offering important reminders about the subtleties and power of racial and cultural prejudice. In their introduction to the volume, Katherine Wyly Mille and Michael B. Montgomery set the text in its sociolinguistic context, explore recent developments in the celebration of Gullah culture, and honor Turner with a recounting of his life and scholarly accomplishments.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781570034527
  • Publisher: University of South Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 5/1/2002
  • Series: Southern Classics Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 388
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

General Editors' Preface
Introduction
Notes to Introduction
Preface to First Edition
1 Backgrounds 1
Importation of Slaves to South Carolina and Georgia Direct from Africa 1
The British Dialects and Baby-Talk 5
Difficulties Which Have Confronted Investigators of Gullah 11
2 Phonetic Alphabet and Diacritics 15
Phonetic Alphabet 15
Diacritics 29
3 West African Words in Gullah 31
Personal Names 31
Abbreviations 43
Other Words Used in Conversation 190
Some Expressions Heard Only in Stories, Songs, and Prayers 205
4 Syntactical Features 209
Voice 209
Verb Phrases 209
d[schwa] as a Verb of Incomplete Predication 213
Comparison of Adjectives 214
Verbal Adjectives 215
Word Order 216
Frequent Repetition of Words and Phrases throughout the Sentence 220
5 Morphological Features 223
Number 223
Tense 225
Case 227
Gender 230
6 Some Word-Formations 232
The Use of Groups of Words for Parts of Speech 232
Reduplicated Forms 235
Onomatopoetic Expressions 236
7 Sounds 240
Consonants 241
Vowels 246
8 Intonation 249
9 Gullah Texts 254
Numerals 255
Songs 256
Some Mende Expressions Occurring in Gullah Stories 257
Hard Times on Edisto 261
The Earthquake [1886] 265
The Earthquake [1886] 269
A Prayer 269
Narratives of Religious Experience 271
The Hag 275
The Ghost 279
Recollections of Slavery 281
Making Manure on St. Helena Island 285
The Chief of the Stevedores 287
App. I: Informants 291
App. II: Bibliography 293
Notes 301
Index 311
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