Africanisms In The Gullah Dialect

Africanisms In The Gullah Dialect

by Lorenzo Dow Turner
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1570034524

ISBN-13: 9781570034527

Pub. Date: 05/01/2002

Publisher: University of South Carolina Press

A unique creole language spoken on the coastal islands and adjacent mainland of South Carolina and Georgia, Gullah existed as an isolated and largely ignored linguistic phenomenon until the publication of Lorenzo Dow Turner's landmark volume Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. In his classic treatise, Turner, the first professionally trained African American linguist,

Overview

A unique creole language spoken on the coastal islands and adjacent mainland of South Carolina and Georgia, Gullah existed as an isolated and largely ignored linguistic phenomenon until the publication of Lorenzo Dow Turner's landmark volume Africanisms in the Gullah Dialect. In his classic treatise, Turner, the first professionally trained African American linguist, focused on a people whose language had long been misunderstood, lifted a shroud that had obscured the true history of Gullah, and demonstrated that it drew important linguistic features directly from the languages of West Africa. Initially published in 1949, this groundbreaking work of Afrocentric scholarship opened American minds to a little-known culture while initiating a means for the Gullah people to reclaim and value their past. The book presents a reference point for today's discussions about ever-present language varieties, Ebonics, and education, offering important reminders about the subtleties and power of racial and cultural prejudice. In their introduction to the volume, Katherine Wyly Mille and Michael B. Montgomery set the text in its sociolinguistic context, explore recent developments in the celebration of Gullah culture, and honor Turner with a recounting of his life and scholarly accomplishments.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781570034527
Publisher:
University of South Carolina Press
Publication date:
05/01/2002
Series:
Southern Classics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
388
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

General Editors' Prefaceix
Introductionxi
Notes to Introductionl
Preface to First Editionlix
1.Backgrounds1
Importation of Slaves to South Carolina and Georgia Direct from Africa1
The British Dialects and Baby-Talk5
Difficulties Which Have Confronted Investigators of Gullah11
2.Phonetic Alphabet and Diacritics15
Phonetic Alphabet15
A.Vowels15
B.Diphthongs21
C.Consonants22
Diacrities29
A.Tone Marks30
B.Accent Marks30
C.Others30
3.West African Words in Gullah31
Personal Names31
A.The Twi31
B.The Dahomeans31
C.The Mandingo32
D.The Yoruba35
E.The Ibo37
F.The Northern Tribes of Nigeria37
G.The Ovimbundu39
H.Personal Names Used by the Gullahs40
Abbreviations43
Other Words Used in Conversation190
Some Expressions Heard Only in Stories, Songs, and Prayers205
4.Syntactical Features209
Voice209
Verb Phrases209
d[characters not reproducible] as a Verb of Incomplete Predication213
Comparison of Adjectives214
Verbal Adjectives215
Word Order216
Frequent Repetition of Words and Phrases throughout the Sentence220
5.Morphological Features223
Number223
A.Nouns223
B.Verbs224
Tense225
Case227
A.Pronouns227
B.Nouns229
Gender230
6.Some Word-Formations232
The Use of Groups of Words for Parts of Speech232
Reduplicated Forms235
Onomatopoetic Expressions236
7.Sounds240
Consonants241
Vowels246
8.Intonation249
9.Gullah Texts254
Numerals255
Songs256
Some Mende Expressions Occurring in Gullah Stories257
Hard Times on Edisto261
The Earthquake [1886]265
The Earthquake [1886]269
A Prayer269
Narratives of Religious Experience271
The Hag275
The Ghost279
Recollections of Slavery281
Making Manure on St. Helena Island285
The Chief of the Stevedores287
Appendix
I.Informants291
II.Bibliography293
Notes301
Index311

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