Africans in Colonial Louisiana: The Development of Afro-Creole Culture in the Eighteenth Century / Edition 1

Africans in Colonial Louisiana: The Development of Afro-Creole Culture in the Eighteenth Century / Edition 1

by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807119997

ISBN-13: 9780807119990

Pub. Date: 07/28/1995

Publisher: Louisiana State University Press

Although a number of important studies of American slavery have explored the formation of slave cultures in the English colonies, no book until now has undertaken a comprehensive assessment of the development of the distinctive Afro-Creole culture of colonial Louisiana. This culture, based upon a separate language community with its own folkloric, musical,

…  See more details below

Overview

Although a number of important studies of American slavery have explored the formation of slave cultures in the English colonies, no book until now has undertaken a comprehensive assessment of the development of the distinctive Afro-Creole culture of colonial Louisiana. This culture, based upon a separate language community with its own folkloric, musical, religious, and historical traditions, was created by slaves brought directly from Africa to Louisiana before 1731. It still survives as the acknowledged cultural heritage of tens of thousands of people of all races in the southern part of the state. In this pathbreaking work, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall studies Louisiana's creole slave community during the eighteenth century, focusing on the slaves' African origins, the evolution of their own language and culture, and the role they played in the formation of the broader society, economy, and culture of the region. Hall bases her study on research in a wide range of archival sources in Louisiana, France, and Spain and employs several disciplines—history, anthropology, linguistics, and folklore—in her analysis. Among the topics she considers are the French slave trade from Africa to Louisiana, the ethnic origins of the slaves, and relations between African slaves and native Indians. She gives special consideration to race mixture between Africans, Indians, and whites; to the role of slaves in the Natchez Uprising of 1729; to slave unrest and conspiracies, including the Pointe Coupee conspiracies of 1791 and 1795; and to the development of communities of runaway slaves in the cypress swamps around New Orleans.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807119990
Publisher:
Louisiana State University Press
Publication date:
07/28/1995
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
456
Sales rank:
758,915
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.16(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations and Short Titles
Ch. 1Settlers, Soldiers, Indians, and Officials: The Chaos of French Rule1
Ch. 2Senegambia During the French Slave Trade to Louisiana28
Ch. 3Death and Revolt: The French Slave Trade to Louisiana56
Ch. 4The Bambara in Louisiana: From the Natchez Uprising to the Samba Bambara Conspiracy96
Ch. 5French New Orleans: Technology, Skills, Labor, Escape, Treatment119
Ch. 6The Creole Slaves: Origin, Family, Language, Folklore156
Ch. 7Bas du Fleuve: The Creole Slaves Adapt to the Cypress Swamp201
Ch. 8The Pointe Coupee Post: Race Mixture and Freedom at a Frontier Settlement237
Ch. 9Re-Africanization Under Spanish Rule275
Ch. 10Unrest During the Early 1790s316
Ch. 11The 1795 Conspiracy in Pointe Coupee343
Conclusion375
Appendix A Basic Facts About All Slave-Trade Voyages from Africa to Louisiana During the French Regime381
Appendix B African Nations of Slaves Accused of Crimes in Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana398
Appendix C Slaves Found in Pointe Coupee Inventories Between 1771 and 1802: Breakdown by Origin, Nation, Sex, and Percentage in Population402
Appendix D Evidence of Widespread Survival of African Names in Colonial Louisiana407
Note on Sources413
Index423

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >