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Africans in Colonial Louisiana: The Development of Afro-Creole Culture in the Eighteenth Century / Edition 1

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Overview

Although a number of important studies of American slavery have explored the formation of slave cultures in the English colonies, no book until now has undertaken a comprehensive assessment of the development of the distinctive Afro-Creole culture of colonial Louisiana. This culture, based upon a separate language community with its own folkloric, musical, religious, and historical traditions, was created by slaves brought directly from Africa to Louisiana before 1731. It still survives as the acknowledged cultural heritage of tens of thousands of people of all races in the southern part of the state. In this pathbreaking work, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall studies Louisiana's creole slave community during the eighteenth century, focusing on the slaves' African origins, the evolution of their own language and culture, and the role they played in the formation of the broader society, economy, and culture of the region. Hall bases her study on research in a wide range of archival sources in Louisiana, France, and Spain and employs several disciplines--history, anthropology, linguistics, and folklore--in her analysis. Among the topics she considers are the French slave trade from Africa to Louisiana, the ethnic origins of the slaves, and relations between African slaves and native Indians. She gives special consideration to race mixture between Africans, Indians, and whites; to the role of slaves in the Natchez Uprising of 1729; to slave unrest and conspiracies, including the Pointe Coupee conspiracies of 1791 and 1795; and to the development of communities of runaway slaves in the cypress swamps around New Orleans.

LSU Press

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Hall (history, Rutgers U.) studies Louisiana's Creole slave community during the 18th-century, focusing on the slaves' African origins, the evolution of their own language and culture, and the role they played in the formation of the broader society, economy, and culture of the region. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807119990
  • Publisher: Louisiana State University Press
  • Publication date: 7/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 456
  • Sales rank: 1,401,045
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.16 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Meet the Author

Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, Consulting Research Professor at the University of New Orleans and professor of history at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, is also the author of Social Control in Slave Plantation Societies: A Comparison of St. Domingue and Cuba.

LSU Press

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LSU Press

LSU Press

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Table of Contents

Preface
Abbreviations and Short Titles
Ch. 1 Settlers, Soldiers, Indians, and Officials: The Chaos of French Rule 1
Ch. 2 Senegambia During the French Slave Trade to Louisiana 28
Ch. 3 Death and Revolt: The French Slave Trade to Louisiana 56
Ch. 4 The Bambara in Louisiana: From the Natchez Uprising to the Samba Bambara Conspiracy 96
Ch. 5 French New Orleans: Technology, Skills, Labor, Escape, Treatment 119
Ch. 6 The Creole Slaves: Origin, Family, Language, Folklore 156
Ch. 7 Bas du Fleuve: The Creole Slaves Adapt to the Cypress Swamp 201
Ch. 8 The Pointe Coupee Post: Race Mixture and Freedom at a Frontier Settlement 237
Ch. 9 Re-Africanization Under Spanish Rule 275
Ch. 10 Unrest During the Early 1790s 316
Ch. 11 The 1795 Conspiracy in Pointe Coupee 343
Conclusion 375
Appendix A Basic Facts About All Slave-Trade Voyages from Africa to Louisiana During the French Regime 381
Appendix B African Nations of Slaves Accused of Crimes in Records of the Superior Council of Louisiana 398
Appendix C Slaves Found in Pointe Coupee Inventories Between 1771 and 1802: Breakdown by Origin, Nation, Sex, and Percentage in Population 402
Appendix D Evidence of Widespread Survival of African Names in Colonial Louisiana 407
Note on Sources 413
Index 423
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