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After "Brown": The Rise and Retreat of School Desegregation / Edition 1

by Charles T. Clotfelter
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0691126372

ISBN-13: 9780691126371

Pub. Date: 02/27/2006

Publisher: Princeton University Press

The United States Supreme Court's 1954 landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education, set into motion a process of desegregation that would eventually transform American public schools. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of how Brown's most visible effect—contact between students of different racial groups—has

Overview

The United States Supreme Court's 1954 landmark decision, Brown v. Board of Education, set into motion a process of desegregation that would eventually transform American public schools. This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of how Brown's most visible effect—contact between students of different racial groups—has changed over the fifty years since the decision.

Using both published and unpublished data on school enrollments from across the country, Charles Clotfelter uses measures of interracial contact, racial isolation, and segregation to chronicle the changes. He goes beyond previous studies by drawing on heretofore unanalyzed enrollment data covering the first decade after Brown, calculating segregation for metropolitan areas rather than just school districts, accounting for private schools, presenting recent information on segregation within schools, and measuring segregation in college enrollment.

Two main conclusions emerge. First, interracial contact in American schools and colleges increased markedly over the period, with the most dramatic changes occurring in the previously segregated South. Second, despite this change, four main factors prevented even larger increases: white reluctance to accept racially mixed schools, the multiplicity of options for avoiding such schools, the willingness of local officials to accommodate the wishes of reluctant whites, and the eventual loss of will on the part of those who had been the strongest protagonists in the push for desegregation. Thus decreases in segregation within districts were partially offset by growing disparities between districts and by selected increases in private school enrollment.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691126371
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
02/27/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix
List of Tables xi
Preface xv
Introduction 1
Chapter One
Walls Came Tumbling Down 13
Chapter Two
The Legacies of Brown and Milliken 44
Chapter Three
Residential Segregation and "White Flight" 75
Chapter Four
The Private School Option 100
Chapter Five
Inside Schools: Classrooms and School Activities 126
Chapter Six
Higher Learning and the Color Line 148
Chapter Seven
So What? 178
Methodological Appendix 201
Notes 217
References 245
Index 263

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