Agricultural Subsidies in the WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence with Sustainable Development Goals

Agricultural Subsidies in the WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence with Sustainable Development Goals

by Ricardo Melendez-Ortiz
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0521519691

ISBN-13: 9780521519694

Pub. Date: 12/31/2009

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Do the World Trade Organization's rules on 'green box' farm subsidies allow both rich and poor countries to achieve important goals such as food security, or do they worsen poverty, distort trade and harm the environment? Current WTO requirements set no ceiling on the amount of green box subsidies that governments can provide, on the basis that these payments cause

Overview

Do the World Trade Organization's rules on 'green box' farm subsidies allow both rich and poor countries to achieve important goals such as food security, or do they worsen poverty, distort trade and harm the environment? Current WTO requirements set no ceiling on the amount of green box subsidies that governments can provide, on the basis that these payments cause only minimal trade distortion. Governments are thus increasingly shifting their subsidy spending into this category, as they come under pressure to reduce subsidies that are more directly linked to production. However, growing evidence nonetheless suggests that green box payments can affect production and trade, harm farmers in developing countries and cause environmental damage. By bringing together new research and critical thinking, this book examines the relationship between green box subsidies and the achievement of sustainable development goals, and explores options for future reform.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521519694
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/31/2009
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
706
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors viii

Preface xvii

Acknowledgements xxiii

List of abbreviations xxv

1 Overview Christophe Bellmann Jonathan Hepburn 1

Part I The recent evolution of agricultural trade policy reform 17

2 The historical context of the green box Néstor Stancanelli 19

3 Doha Round negotiations on the green box and beyond Jonathan Hepburn Christophe Bellmann 36

4 The reform of the EU's Common Agricultural Policy Alan Swinbank 70

5 Farm policy reform in the United States: past progress and future direction David Orden 86

6 Agricultural trade policy reform in Japan Masayoshi Honma 121

Part II The focus, extent and economic impact of green box subsidies 135

7 An analysis of EU, US and Japanese green box spending Jesús Antón 137

8 Green box subsidies and trade-distorting supports: is there a cumulative impact? Carlos Galperín Ivana Doporto Miguez 239

9 The distributional structure of green box subsidies in the European Union and France Vincent Chatellier 258

10 The distributional structure of US green box subsidies Harry De Gorter 304

Part III Green box subsidies and developing countries 327

11 Agricultural subsidies in the WTO green box: opportunities and challenges for developing countries André Nassar Maria Elba Rodriguez-Alcalá Cinthia Costa Saulo Nogueira 329

12 Use of green box measures by developing countries: an assessment Biswajit Dhar 369

13 A Chinese perspective on the green box Jianmin Xie 399

14 African countries and the green box Abena Oduro 412

Part IV Green box subsidies and the environment 425

15 The environmental impact of green box subsidies: exploring the linkages Ronald Steenblik Charles Tsai 427

16 The environmental impact of EU green box subsidies Ariel Brunner Harry Huyton 468

17 The environmental impact of US green box subsidies Jane Earley 496

18 Biofuels subsidies and the green box Timothy Josling David Blandford 530

Part V Looking forward: how can change take place? 569

19 Improving monitoring and surveillance of green box subsidies Andrea Cerda 571

20 EU subsidy reform: options for achieving change Teresa Cavero 583

21 Subsidy reform in the US context: deviating from decoupling Ann Tutwiler 604

22 Agricultural trade policy reform in Japan: options for achieving change Kazuhito Yamashita 618

23 Towards a green box subsidy regime that promotes sustainable development: strategies for achieving change Pedro De Camargo Neto Renato Henz 633

Appendix: Text of Annex 2 of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture ("the green box") 647

Index 654

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