Air Pollution, Global Change and Forests in the New Millennium

Air Pollution, Global Change and Forests in the New Millennium

by D.F. Karnosky
     
 

ISBN-10: 0080443176

ISBN-13: 9780080443171

Pub. Date: 11/01/2003

Publisher: Elsevier Science

The chapters in this book present a snapshot of the state of knowledge of air pollution effects at the beginning of the 21st century. From their different disciplines, a distinguished collection of authors document their understanding of how leaves, trees, and forests respond to air pollutants and climate change. Scenarios of global change and air pollution are

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Overview

The chapters in this book present a snapshot of the state of knowledge of air pollution effects at the beginning of the 21st century. From their different disciplines, a distinguished collection of authors document their understanding of how leaves, trees, and forests respond to air pollutants and climate change. Scenarios of global change and air pollution are described. The authors describe responses of forests to climate variability, tropospheric ozone, rising atmospheric CO2, the combination of CO2 and ozone, and deposition of acidic compounds and heavy metals. The responses to ozone receive particular attention because of increasing concern about its damaging effects and increasing concentrations in rural areas. Scaling issues are addressed - from leaves to trees, from juvenile trees to mature trees, from short-term responses to long-term responses, and from small-scale experiments and observations to large-scale forest ecosystems.

This book is one major product of a conference sponsored by the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, the USDA Forest Service Global Change Northern Stations Program, the Arthur Ross Foundation, NCASI, the Canadian Forest Service, and Michigan Technological University. The conference, held in May 2000 in Houghton, Michigan, USA, was appropriately titled "Air Pollution, Global Change, and Forests in the New Millennium". The Editors, David Karnosky, Kevin Percy, Art Chappelka, Caroline Simpson, and Janet Pikkarainen organized the conference and edited this book.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780080443171
Publisher:
Elsevier Science
Publication date:
11/01/2003
Series:
Developments in Environmental Science Series, #3
Pages:
492
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Dedication
Introduction to the Book Series
List of Contributors
Foreword and Acknowledgments
Preface
1Air pollution and global change: A double challenge to forest ecosystems1
2What is the role of demographic factors in air pollution and forests?43
3Changing atmospheric carbon dioxide: A threat or benefit?57
4Tropospheric ozone: A continuing threat to global forests?85
5Regional scale risk assessment of ozone and forests119
6Limitations and perspectives about scaling ozone impacts in trees141
7Simulating the growth response of aspen to elevated ozone: A mechanistic approach from leaf-level photosynthesis to complex architecture175
8Ozone affects the fitness of trembling aspen199
9Responses of Aleppo pine to ozone211
10Ozone affects Scots pine phenology and growth231
11Ozone affects leaf surface-pest interactions247
12Ultrastructural response of a Mediterranean shrub species to O[subscript 3]259
13Ozone injury symptoms on vegetation in an Alpine valley, North Italy269
14Forest growth and critical air pollutant loads in Scandinavia277
15Norway spruce mortality and critical air pollutant loads289
16Beech foliar chemical composition: A bioindicator of air pollution stress301
17Atmospheric contamination of a national forest near a copper smelter in Northern Michigan315
18Mycorrhizal community structure of Scots pine trees influenced by emissions from aluminum smelter329
19Responses of forests in the eastern US to air pollution and climate change345
20An intensive monitoring study of air pollution stress in a beech forest in Spain359
21Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and acidic rain on the growth of holm oak375
22Effects of elevated CO[subscript 2] and O[subscript 3] on aspen clones of varying O[subscript 3] sensitivity: Can CO[subscript 2] ameliorate the harmful effects of O[subscript 3]?
23Growth responses of aspen clones to elevated carbon dioxide and ozone411
24State of science and gaps in our knowledge in relation to air pollution437
25Air pollution and global change impacts on forest ecosystems: Monitoring and research needs447
Author Index461
Subject Index463

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