Air Pollution in the Ural Mountains: Environmental, Health and Policy Aspects

Overview

The metals industry was established in the Ural Mountains over two centuries ago. Seventy years ago, the town of Magnitogorsk was established, with US and Western assistance, to exploit the iron ore there. It became a symbol of USSR industry - and is now a symbol of air pollution. This volume describes the pollution in the region and the steps being taken to combat it.
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Paperback (Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998)
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Overview

The metals industry was established in the Ural Mountains over two centuries ago. Seventy years ago, the town of Magnitogorsk was established, with US and Western assistance, to exploit the iron ore there. It became a symbol of USSR industry - and is now a symbol of air pollution. This volume describes the pollution in the region and the steps being taken to combat it.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'... this book is a must for researchers on air and radioactive pollution. It is a basic document for those of us interested in the environmental quality of the Ural area in particular and in countries with transitional economies in general.'
International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 11:3 (1999)
Booknews
Forty-four papers examine the causes, measurement, health and environmental impact, and management strategies related to SO2, heavy metals such as cadmium and arsenic, CO2, radioactivity, particulate matter, and other air pollutants in Russia's Urals. While much of the pollution is attributable to the mining industry, pollutants from other causes are also examined. Among the topics explored are: pollution stress to Siberian forests; Russian regulatory diffusion models; numerical simulation models for airborne heavy metals; use of small mammals for monitoring heavy metal contamination; the health effects of ionizing radiation; and examples of pollution solutions and possible applications to the Ural situation in places such as Ontario, Poland, and Greece. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789401061926
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/31/2013
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 2 (closed)
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998
  • Pages: 455
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.95 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Particulate Air Pollution; R. Wilson. Mining and Environment in the Urals During the 18th and 19th Centuries; J.O. Nriagu. Part 1: Environmental Contamination in the Ural Mountains: Measurements, Methods and Models. Analysis of the Environmental Situation in the Ural Economic Region; V.N. Chukanov, B.A. Korobitsin. Pollution Stress to Siberian Forests; S. Nilsson, et al. Dry Deposition of Particles from the Atmosphere; M.J. Zufall, C.I. Davidson. Russian Regulatory Diffusion Models: Status, Results of Validation and International Intercomparisons; E.L. Genikhovich. Numerical Simulation Models for Airborne Heavy Metals in Europe: A Review; G. Petersen. Measurements and Models for Trace Element Input and Time Distribution Recorded in Forest Soil and Bog Ecosystems; W.R. Schell, et al. The Use of Portable Instrumentation for Assessing Environmental Contamination in the Urals Region of Russia; T.M. Spittler. Use of Small Mammals for Monitoring Heavy Metal Contamination in the Environment; K. Sawicka-Kapusta, M. Zakrzewska. Influence of Air Pollutants in the 7Be Size Distribution of Atmospheric Aerosols; C. Papastefanou, A. Ioannidou. Environmental Conditions in the Areas Exposed to Emission from the Gas Processing Industry in South Ural; A.Z. Kaliyev. Study of the Environmental Contamination in the Major Industrial Areas of the Urals with Focus on Remediation of Human Health Problems (Report of the Working Group on Environmental Contaminants); T.C. Hutchinson, M.S. Symington. Part 2: Health Consequences of Air Pollution. Assessment and Comparative Analysis of Health Risks Caused by Air Pollution in Cities of Russia; B.A. Revich, A.A. Bykov. Lead Contamination of Russian Cities: Assessment of Risk to Children's Health; A.A. Bykov, B.A. Revich. Evaluation of Existing Environmental Information Systems in Russia Applicable for Human Health Effects Assessment; H. Özkaynak, et al. Existing Health Information Systems in the Russian Federation and their Use in the Assessment of Environmental Health Effects; J.J.K. Jaakkola, et al. Assessing Chronic Health Risks from Stationary Source Air Emissions in Volgograd, Russia; B. Filatov, et al. Public Health Trends in a Transitional Russian City (1959–1994); G.I. Chechenin, et al. Contemporary Problems of Ecopathology and Evaluation of Health Risk in Management of Environmental Quality in the Ural Region; V.S. Koshkina. Evaluation of Ecological Pathology for the Tasks of Monitoring and Nature Protection Management; N.V. Zaitzeva, et al. Ecopathology of Mercury Pollution; L.M. Karamova, R.A. Alakayeva. Perspectives on United States Methods of Human and Environmental Risk Assessment; J.C. Willson. Prioritizing Environmental Activities in Nizhnii Tagil Based on the Assessment of Human Health Risks Due to Air Contamination; P.S. Zhilin, I.D. Kopylov. Health Effects Associated with Air Pollution in the Ural Mountains (Report of the Working Group on Health Effects); J.O. Nriagu, J.G. Wilkinson. Part 3: Air Pollution and Environmental Policies. The Role of Economic Valuation in Decision Making About Air Pollution; A. Markandya, I. Milborrow. Optimal Control Applied to Air Pollution; B. Morel. Uncertainty Assessment of Biogenic Emissions Estimates and its Impact on Ozone Attainment Control Strategy Selection; J.G. Wilkinson. Air Pollution Space-Time Analysis; F. Ferreira, et al. Automated Information System for Decision Making Support
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