Aircraft Safety: Accident Investigations, Analyses & Applications / Edition 2

Aircraft Safety: Accident Investigations, Analyses & Applications / Edition 2

by Shari Krause
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0071409742

ISBN-13: 9780071409742

Pub. Date: 07/23/2003

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing

* This worldwide bestseller utilizes case studies to examine and explain aircraft accidents and incidents

* Covers five major problem causes: human factors, weather, mid-air collisions, mechanical failure, runway incursions

* NEW TO THIS EDITION: Chapters on Monitoring/Managing Cockpit Behavior and Spatial Disorientation; 27 new case studies; 25% new

Overview

* This worldwide bestseller utilizes case studies to examine and explain aircraft accidents and incidents

* Covers five major problem causes: human factors, weather, mid-air collisions, mechanical failure, runway incursions

* NEW TO THIS EDITION: Chapters on Monitoring/Managing Cockpit Behavior and Spatial Disorientation; 27 new case studies; 25% new illustrations

* Updated data and statistics throughout

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780071409742
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
07/23/2003
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
483
Sales rank:
844,833
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introductionxi
Part IHuman Factors1
1Judgment and Decision-Making3
Principles of Good Judgment and Decision-Making3
Good Judgment and Decision-Making in Practice4
Influences That Affect Judgment7
Hazardous Thought Patterns Exercise10
References28
2Accurate Situation Assessment Leads to Good Situation Awareness29
Phase 1Recognition30
Phase 2Evaluation30
Situation Awareness through Monitoring and Challenging31
Airborne Express DC-8--Breakdown in Situation Awareness34
References36
3Crew Resource Management: The Integration of Interpersonal Skills and Technical Proficiency37
Interpersonal Communication38
Crew Effectiveness38
Reference40
4Spatial Disorientation41
Senses and Spatial Orientation42
Visual and Vestibular Senses43
Sensory Illusions45
Types of Spatial Disorientation53
Prevention54
References55
Part I Case Studies57
Case Study I-1American Airlines Flight 142057
Case Study I-2TWA Flight 84362
Case Study I-3Korean Air Flight 80169
Case Study I-4Northwest Airlink Flight 571983
Case Study I-5Avianca Flight 05290
Case Study I-6American Eagle Flight 3379107
Case Study I-7John F. Kennedy, Jr.112
Case Study I-8Delta Airlines Flight 106122
International Case Study I-9Singapore Airlines Flight 006125
Historical Case Study I-10Eastern Airlines Flight 401134
Part IIRunway Incursions141
Runway Incursion Severity Categories145
Reported Runway Incursions by Severity145
Distribution by Aircraft Type and Combination145
Conclusions145
References146
Part II Case Studies147
Case Study II-1USAir Flight 1493 and Skywest Flight 5569147
Case Study II-2TWA Flight 427 and a Cessna 441157
Case Study II-3United Express 5925 and a Beechcraft King Air A90166
Case Study II-4Northwest Flights 1482 and 299177
Case Study II-5Eastern Flight 111 and a Beechcraft King Air 100187
Historical-International Case Study II-6Pan American Flight 1736 and KLM Flight 4805199
Part IIIWeather211
5Air Masses and Fronts213
Air Masses213
Fronts214
Frontal Waves216
Occlusions217
References218
6Cloud Formation219
Low Clouds219
Middle Clouds220
High Clouds221
Extensive Vertical Development222
Special Cloud Types222
References223
7Thunderstorms225
Unstable Air225
Lifting Action225
Moisture226
Life Cycle of a Thunderstorm Cell226
Types of Thunderstorms228
Meteorological Observations229
Aircraft Performance in Heavy Rain230
References232
8Downbursts and Low-Level Windshear233
Macrobursts233
Microbursts234
Types of Microbursts234
Types of Parent Clouds236
Temperature Parameters237
Low-Level Windshear238
Indicators of Windshear239
References240
9Icing Conditions241
Stratiform Clouds241
Cumuliform Clouds241
Cirriform Clouds242
Structural Icing242
Ice Formation on Fixed-Wing Aircraft247
Frontal Zones250
Induction Icing251
References253
10Turbulence255
Convective Turbulence255
Mechanical Turbulence256
Mountain Range Turbulence256
Mountain Wave Turbulence257
Turbulence in Narrow Canyons and Gorges258
Flying Guidelines around a Mountain Wave261
Clear-Air Turbulence262
References262
11Wake-Vortex Turbulence265
Wake-Vortex Motion265
Atmospheric Factors267
Flying Guidelines268
Wake-Vortex Research269
Boeing 757 Safety Concern270
Wake-Vortex Accidents270
References276
Part III Case Studies277
Case Study III-1USAir Flight 1016277
Case Study III-2American Eagle Flight 4184288
Case Study III-3Delta Airlines Flight 191295
Case Study III-4USAir Flight 405305
International Case Study III-5China Airlines Flight CI-012314
Historical Case Study III-6Southern Airways Flight 242322
Part IVMid-Air Collisions343
Reference344
12Mid-Air Collision Avoidance: From See-and-Avoid to Search-and-Detect345
Eye-Brain Connection347
Eye Movement348
Distant Visual Acuity349
Cockpit Creates Monocular Visual Areas352
Effective Scanning Based on Sectors353
Enhancing Visual Skills354
References356
Part IV Case Studies359
Case Study IV-1A Cessna 340 and a North American T-6359
Case Study IV-2A Cessna Citation and a Cessna 172365
Case Study IV-3Aeromexico Flight 498 and a Piper Cherokee368
Case Study IV-4A U.S. Army U-21 and a Piper Navajo373
Case Study IV-5A Mitsubishi MU-2 and a Piper Saratoga380
Historical Case Study IV-6PSA Flight 182 and a Cessna 172389
Part VMechanical and Maintenance397
Part V Case Studies399
Case Study V-1TWA Flight 800399
Case Study V-2United Flight 585, USAir Flight 427, Eastwind Flight 517--A Compilation of Uncommanded Rudder Events in B-737 Aircraft415
Case Study V-3ValuJet Flight 592424
Case Study V-4Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 2311436
Case Study V-5United Airlines Flight 232445
International Case Study V-6Air France Flight 4590456
Historical Case Study V-7American Airlines Flight 191458
Index465

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