The Al Jazeera Effect: How the New Global Media Are Reshaping World Politics

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The battle for hearts and minds in the Middle East is being fought not on the streets of Baghdad, but on the newscasts and talk shows of Al Jazeera. The future of China is being shaped not by Communist Party bureaucrats, but by bloggers working quietly in cyber cafes. The next attacks by al Qaeda will emerge not from Osama bin Laden’s cave, but from cells around the world connected by the Internet.

In these and many other instances, traditional ways of reshaping global politics have been superseded by the influence of new media—satellite television, the Internet, and other high-tech tools. What is involved is more than a refinement of established practices. We are seeing a comprehensive reconnecting of the global village and a reshaping of how the world works.

Al Jazeera is a paradigm of new media’s influence. Ten years ago, there was much talk about “the CNN effect,” the theory that news coverage—especially gripping visual storytelling—was influencing foreign policy throughout the world. Today, “the Al Jazeera effect” takes that a significant step further. The concept encompasses the use of new media as tools in every aspect of global affairs, ranging from democratization to terrorism, and including the concept of “virtual states.”

“The media” are no longer just the media. They have a larger popular base than ever before and, as a result, have unprecedented impact on international politics. The media can be tools of conflict and instruments of peace; they can make traditional borders irrelevant and unify peoples scattered across the globe. This phenomenon, the Al Jazeera effect, is reshaping the world.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Clear, concise, and informed."

"Seib writes succinctly and clearly, devoid of the virus of US academic jargon. So this book is an ideal introduction for the non-specialist who wants to understand how the new communication media are influencing the Islamic world. Yet there is also much for the experienced security analyst to ponder. Seib’s work cuts right through the new media debate, dissecting the culture of fear in the West and the culture of humiliation in the Arab world. This is an important book if you want to understand the contemporary cyber-jihad."

"Seib constructs an imaginative, thorough and balanced assessment of how news—ever more a dialogue and less an event—is redistributing political power."

“The emergence of new media, concomitant with new democratic potentials and new forms of violence and terrorism worldwide, is not accidental. In The Al Jazeera Effect, Philip Seib provides a thoughtful and sophisticated account of these salient political and media trends and how they interconnect. This book contains a wealth of information about the Web, the blogosphere, and satellite TV, with particular focus on the Middle East; but its implications are complex, uncertain, and vast—extending beyond the Internet and other media in the Arab-Muslim world. ‘The Arab satellite channel itself,’ Seib writes, ‘is just the most visible player in a huge universe of new communications and information providers that are changing the relationships between those govern and those who are governed.’ The Al Jazeera Effect is an excellent primer for the brave new world of the 21st century and the rugged roads to democracy that lie ahead.”

“Seib’s book cuts right through the new media debate, dissecting the culture of fear in the West and the culture of humiliation in the Arab world. This is an important, even vital, book in understanding the cyber-Jihad since 9/11.”

“This very readable book is an ideal introduction for the non-specialist to the remarkable and complex world of new communication media, from satellite broadcasting to text messaging. Carefully researched, it provides up-to-date information on the various media instruments and interesting analyses of their roles. A valuable contribution to the field.”

Publishers Weekly

Mapping the first large-scale shift away from Western media dominance since the advent of television, Seib (Headline Democracy) argues that framing conflict in the Middle East as a "clash of civilizations" has outlived its polemical and practical uses. The book makes a convincing case that the rise of Al Jazeera-with its audience of 35 million-reflects how satellite television and the Internet create virtual communities that can significantly influence political policy. Seib cites the example of Hezbollah, a geopolitical group without easily definable territory, and suggests that Al Qaeda is similarly a virtual state existing through the combination of communication and political will. Information is no longer the province of a political elite, according to the author whose wide-ranging evidence includes a fascinating description of how news of the SARS outbreak in China first leaked via text message and in Internet chatrooms. The author also examines how the constant proliferation of perspectives on the Internet, for example, can both mitigate and exacerbate problems of assimilation. Seib constructs an imaginative, thorough and balanced assessment of how news-ever more a dialogue and less an event-is redistributing political power. (Sept.)

Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781597972000
  • Publisher: Potomac Books
  • Publication date: 9/30/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 240
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Philip Seib is a professor of journalism and public diplomacy at the University of Southern California. He is the author and editor of many books, including Headline Diplomacy: How News Coverage Affects Foreign Policy; The Global Journalist: News and Conscience in a World of Conflict; Beyond the Front Lines: How the News Media Cover a World Shaped by War; Media and Conflict in the 21st Century; Broadcasts from the Blitz: How Edward R. Murrow Helped Lead America into War (Potomac Books, 2006); and New Media and the New Middle East. He is coeditor of the journal Media, War, and Conflict and lives in Pasadena, California.
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Table of Contents

Preface     ix
Beyond the Clash of Civilizations     1
Channels and More Channels     19
The Internet Surge     47
The Rise of the Virtual State     65
Global Connections, Global Terrorism     91
The Cyber-struggle for Democracy     111
Transforming the Middle East     141
What It All Means     175
Notes     193
Selected Bibliography     213
Index     219
About the Author     227
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