Alaska Native Policy in the Twentieth Century: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

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This book explores the application of federal Indian policy to Alaska Natives in the 20th century, a process driven by the federal government's desire to acquire Indian land. Twentieth century Indian policy, as applied in Alaska, has oscillated between encouraging the privatization of land and assimilation of Native Alaskans into the dominant society, and allowing for Native autonomy and self-government.
The Alaska Reorganization Act of 1936, better known as the Alaska Native New Deal, promoted Native self-government through constitutions and native self-sufficiency through corporations within geographic limits of designated reservations. In Alaska, the federal government's termination policy extended state jurisdiction over Native peoples after World War Two. A new policy of self-determination was initiated by the passage of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971. With this act, 40 million acres were conveyed to newly created Native corporations. Alaska Natives would achieve self-determination by participation in corporate decisions. This history of the legislation and implementation of federal Indian policy in Alaska explores the tensions and reversals expressed through successive legislative acts, and focuses upon the implications of this policy for Native Alaskans.
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Editorial Reviews

With the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 affecting 40 million acres, Federal Indian policy began to retreat from historical greed for Indian land and assimilation efforts toward Native self-determination. Advocating for reaffirmation of tribal government authority, the author examines the status of reservations since the Alaska Native New Deal (1936). Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

I Introduction 3
II Nineteenth-Century Indian Policy 13
III Alaska Native New Deal 29
IV Reservations Under the Alaska Native New Deal 47
V Native Self-Determination 63
VI Alaska Native Settlement 81
VII 1991 Amendments 101
VIII Conclusion 113
Bibliography 127
Index 139
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