Albert Einstein's Vision: Remarkable Discoveries That Shaped Modern Science

Albert Einstein's Vision: Remarkable Discoveries That Shaped Modern Science

by Barry M. Parker
     
 

Acclaimed science writer Barry Parker completes his trilogy on Einstein with this new work showing the incredibly wide-ranging influence of Einstein’s many discoveries. In the first volume, Einstein’s Brainchild, Parker focused on relativity, the most famous and important of the great genius’s ideas. In the second volume,

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Overview

Acclaimed science writer Barry Parker completes his trilogy on Einstein with this new work showing the incredibly wide-ranging influence of Einstein’s many discoveries. In the first volume, Einstein’s Brainchild, Parker focused on relativity, the most famous and important of the great genius’s ideas. In the second volume, Einstein’s Passions, his human side and diverse interests beyond science were Parker’s main topic.

Now the author turns once again to Einstein as creative scientist, concentrating on his prolific output of far-reaching contributions that complement and broaden his discovery of relativity. Moreover, Parker provides an indelible portrait of the man behind the theories. In clear and eloquent language, the author helps us appreciate the breadth and richness of Einstein's vision: from Einstein’s theories supporting time travel, to his research on curved space, the cosmological constant, black holes, worm holes, gravity waves, cosmic lenses, to quantum theory, and beyond. Parker also discusses Einstein's reluctant connection with atomic weapons, his pacifist philosophy, his quest for the elusive unified field theory, and the relationship of his work to the recent "hot" area of superstrings.

Even readers already familiar with Einstein's work will discover a wealth of new material in this singular contribution to the Einstein corpus. Parker's gift for turning complex physics into lucid prose has produced the most complete and accessible volume to elucidate for everyone the magnificent contributions of this most brilliant of scientists.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781591021865
Publisher:
Prometheus Books
Publication date:
05/15/2004
Pages:
1
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.94(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

Preface11
Introduction13
Chapter 1Twists in the Fabric of Space23
The Yearbook Article24
The Equivalence Principle27
To Prague28
The Rotating Disk Paradox30
Back to Switzerland34
To Berlin37
The Breakthrough39
The Warping of Space42
The Annalen der Physik Paper43
Chapter 2Expanding to Space: History of the Cosmological Constant45
De Sitter's Universe47
Friedmann's Universe50
Lemaitre's Universe53
Slipher and Hubble54
The Big Bang61
Inflation Theory66
Dark Matter68
The Accelerating Universe69
Quintessence72
Alternate Theories72
What Would Einstein Think?74
Chapter 3Black Holes, Wormholes, and Other Demons75
Never-Ending Collapse79
After the War83
Collapse to a Black Hole85
The No-Hair Theorem86
Space-Time Diagrams88
The Penrose Process and More92
Primordial Black Holes93
Exploding Black Holes95
White Holes97
Into a Black Hole98
Einstein's Influence100
Chapter 4The Mystery of Time and Time Travel101
The River of Time103
Einstein's Time104
Is Time Travel Possible?106
Sagan and Thorne106
Transforming to a Time Machine111
Other Methods for Time Machines113
Causality and Paradox113
Problems115
Where Are the Visitors from the Future?116
Einstein's Vision117
Chapter 5Ripples in the Curvature of Space119
Weber122
Others Look for the Waves125
Sources of Gravitational Waves126
Taylor and Hulse128
Weiss and Drever130
The Interferometer Detector131
Kip Thorne and the Initiation of LIGO132
LIGO134
GEO 600, VIRGO, and TAMA 300135
Next-Generation Detectors136
Einstein's Legacy137
Chapter 6Gravity's Cosmic Lenses139
Structure of a Gravitational Lens140
Early Predictions141
Discovery of the First Gravitational Lens142
Gravitational Lens Surveys144
Determination of the Hubble Constant144
The Cosmological Constant146
Einstein Rings146
Giant Arcs and Arclets147
Microlensing of Quasars and Stars149
Extrasolar Planets150
Cosmic Strings150
The Future151
Chapter 7Einstein's Quantum Legacy153
The Double-Slit Experiment155
Einstein and Bohr157
EPR158
Entanglement160
Bell's Inequality162
Shimony, Horne, and Clauser162
Alain Aspect and Others165
Teleportation165
Faster Than the Speed of Light168
Einstein's Quantum Vision169
Chapter 8Superbombs171
E = mc[superscript 2]171
Meitner, Hahn, and Nuclear Fisson172
The Letter175
Heisenberg's Bomb176
The American Bomb177
To Norway178
The Manhattan Project179
The Continuing German Threat180
Einstein's Role181
The Hydrogen Bomb182
Einstein's Reaction186
Chapter 9Other Einstein Insights187
Bose188
Einstein's Response190
Bose-Einstein Condensate191
Einstein's Inventions194
Masers and Lasers197
Einstein's Photons200
Atoms and Molecules201
Brownian Motion202
Chapter 10Dreams of a Unified Theory203
The First Unified Field Theories204
The Problem206
Three Routes to Quantum Gravity212
Loop Quantum Gravity214
The Black Hole Connection215
The Hologram Connection218
Einstein and the Latest Developments219
Chapter 11Strings and Superstrings221
The Beginnings221
The Standard Model224
The First String Quantum Gravity Theory225
The Schwarz-Green Breakthrough226
The First String Revolution227
String Interactions228
Supersymmetry230
Adding More Dimensions232
A Plethora of Theories233
Testing the Theory234
Chapter 12Beyond Superstrings: M-Theory237
The Standard Approach: Perturbation Theory238
The Second Superstring Revolution241
Link to Supergravity243
Small-Large Dualities244
M-Theory245
P-Branes and the Brane World246
Another Black Hole Connection247
Holograms and Branes248
The Final Consensus249
Epilogue251
Notes255
Glossary265
Bibliography273
Index279

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