# Albert Einstein's Vision: Remarkable Discoveries That Shaped Modern Science

by Barry M. Parker

Acclaimed science writer Barry Parker completes his trilogy on Einstein with this new work showing the incredibly wide-ranging influence of Einstein’s many discoveries. In the first volume, *Einstein’s Brainchild*, Parker focused on relativity, the most famous and important of the great genius’s ideas. In the second volume,

## Overview

Acclaimed science writer Barry Parker completes his trilogy on Einstein with this new work showing the incredibly wide-ranging influence of Einstein’s many discoveries. In the first volume, *Einstein’s Brainchild*, Parker focused on relativity, the most famous and important of the great genius’s ideas. In the second volume, *Einstein’s Passions*, his human side and diverse interests beyond science were Parker’s main topic.

Now the author turns once again to Einstein as creative scientist, concentrating on his prolific output of far-reaching contributions that complement and broaden his discovery of relativity. Moreover, Parker provides an indelible portrait of the man behind the theories. In clear and eloquent language, the author helps us appreciate the breadth and richness of Einstein's vision: from Einstein’s theories supporting time travel, to his research on curved space, the cosmological constant, black holes, worm holes, gravity waves, cosmic lenses, to quantum theory, and beyond. Parker also discusses Einstein's reluctant connection with atomic weapons, his pacifist philosophy, his quest for the elusive unified field theory, and the relationship of his work to the recent "hot" area of superstrings.

Even readers already familiar with Einstein's work will discover a wealth of new material in this singular contribution to the Einstein corpus. Parker's gift for turning complex physics into lucid prose has produced the most complete and accessible volume to elucidate for everyone the magnificent contributions of this most brilliant of scientists.

## Product Details

- ISBN-13:
- 9781591021865
- Publisher:
- Prometheus Books
- Publication date:
- 05/15/2004
- Pages:
- 1
- Product dimensions:
- 6.30(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.94(d)

## Meet the Author

### More from this Author

## Table of Contents

Preface | 11 | |

Introduction | 13 | |

Chapter 1 | Twists in the Fabric of Space | 23 |

The Yearbook Article | 24 | |

The Equivalence Principle | 27 | |

To Prague | 28 | |

The Rotating Disk Paradox | 30 | |

Back to Switzerland | 34 | |

To Berlin | 37 | |

The Breakthrough | 39 | |

The Warping of Space | 42 | |

The Annalen der Physik Paper | 43 | |

Chapter 2 | Expanding to Space: History of the Cosmological Constant | 45 |

De Sitter's Universe | 47 | |

Friedmann's Universe | 50 | |

Lemaitre's Universe | 53 | |

Slipher and Hubble | 54 | |

The Big Bang | 61 | |

Inflation Theory | 66 | |

Dark Matter | 68 | |

The Accelerating Universe | 69 | |

Quintessence | 72 | |

Alternate Theories | 72 | |

What Would Einstein Think? | 74 | |

Chapter 3 | Black Holes, Wormholes, and Other Demons | 75 |

Never-Ending Collapse | 79 | |

After the War | 83 | |

Collapse to a Black Hole | 85 | |

The No-Hair Theorem | 86 | |

Space-Time Diagrams | 88 | |

The Penrose Process and More | 92 | |

Primordial Black Holes | 93 | |

Exploding Black Holes | 95 | |

White Holes | 97 | |

Into a Black Hole | 98 | |

Einstein's Influence | 100 | |

Chapter 4 | The Mystery of Time and Time Travel | 101 |

The River of Time | 103 | |

Einstein's Time | 104 | |

Is Time Travel Possible? | 106 | |

Sagan and Thorne | 106 | |

Transforming to a Time Machine | 111 | |

Other Methods for Time Machines | 113 | |

Causality and Paradox | 113 | |

Problems | 115 | |

Where Are the Visitors from the Future? | 116 | |

Einstein's Vision | 117 | |

Chapter 5 | Ripples in the Curvature of Space | 119 |

Weber | 122 | |

Others Look for the Waves | 125 | |

Sources of Gravitational Waves | 126 | |

Taylor and Hulse | 128 | |

Weiss and Drever | 130 | |

The Interferometer Detector | 131 | |

Kip Thorne and the Initiation of LIGO | 132 | |

LIGO | 134 | |

GEO 600, VIRGO, and TAMA 300 | 135 | |

Next-Generation Detectors | 136 | |

Einstein's Legacy | 137 | |

Chapter 6 | Gravity's Cosmic Lenses | 139 |

Structure of a Gravitational Lens | 140 | |

Early Predictions | 141 | |

Discovery of the First Gravitational Lens | 142 | |

Gravitational Lens Surveys | 144 | |

Determination of the Hubble Constant | 144 | |

The Cosmological Constant | 146 | |

Einstein Rings | 146 | |

Giant Arcs and Arclets | 147 | |

Microlensing of Quasars and Stars | 149 | |

Extrasolar Planets | 150 | |

Cosmic Strings | 150 | |

The Future | 151 | |

Chapter 7 | Einstein's Quantum Legacy | 153 |

The Double-Slit Experiment | 155 | |

Einstein and Bohr | 157 | |

EPR | 158 | |

Entanglement | 160 | |

Bell's Inequality | 162 | |

Shimony, Horne, and Clauser | 162 | |

Alain Aspect and Others | 165 | |

Teleportation | 165 | |

Faster Than the Speed of Light | 168 | |

Einstein's Quantum Vision | 169 | |

Chapter 8 | Superbombs | 171 |

E = mc[superscript 2] | 171 | |

Meitner, Hahn, and Nuclear Fisson | 172 | |

The Letter | 175 | |

Heisenberg's Bomb | 176 | |

The American Bomb | 177 | |

To Norway | 178 | |

The Manhattan Project | 179 | |

The Continuing German Threat | 180 | |

Einstein's Role | 181 | |

The Hydrogen Bomb | 182 | |

Einstein's Reaction | 186 | |

Chapter 9 | Other Einstein Insights | 187 |

Bose | 188 | |

Einstein's Response | 190 | |

Bose-Einstein Condensate | 191 | |

Einstein's Inventions | 194 | |

Masers and Lasers | 197 | |

Einstein's Photons | 200 | |

Atoms and Molecules | 201 | |

Brownian Motion | 202 | |

Chapter 10 | Dreams of a Unified Theory | 203 |

The First Unified Field Theories | 204 | |

The Problem | 206 | |

Three Routes to Quantum Gravity | 212 | |

Loop Quantum Gravity | 214 | |

The Black Hole Connection | 215 | |

The Hologram Connection | 218 | |

Einstein and the Latest Developments | 219 | |

Chapter 11 | Strings and Superstrings | 221 |

The Beginnings | 221 | |

The Standard Model | 224 | |

The First String Quantum Gravity Theory | 225 | |

The Schwarz-Green Breakthrough | 226 | |

The First String Revolution | 227 | |

String Interactions | 228 | |

Supersymmetry | 230 | |

Adding More Dimensions | 232 | |

A Plethora of Theories | 233 | |

Testing the Theory | 234 | |

Chapter 12 | Beyond Superstrings: M-Theory | 237 |

The Standard Approach: Perturbation Theory | 238 | |

The Second Superstring Revolution | 241 | |

Link to Supergravity | 243 | |

Small-Large Dualities | 244 | |

M-Theory | 245 | |

P-Branes and the Brane World | 246 | |

Another Black Hole Connection | 247 | |

Holograms and Branes | 248 | |

The Final Consensus | 249 | |

Epilogue | 251 | |

Notes | 255 | |

Glossary | 265 | |

Bibliography | 273 | |

Index | 279 |

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