Albert Einstein's Vision: Remarkable Discoveries That Shaped Modern Science

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Overview

Acclaimed science writer Barry Parker completes his trilogy on Einstein with this new work showing the incredibly wide-ranging influence of Einstein’s many discoveries. In the first volume, Einstein’s Brainchild, Parker focused on relativity, the most famous and important of the great genius’s ideas. In the second volume, Einstein’s Passions, his human side and diverse interests beyond science were Parker’s main topic.

Now the author turns once again to Einstein as creative scientist, concentrating on his prolific output of far-reaching contributions that complement and broaden his discovery of relativity. Moreover, Parker provides an indelible portrait of the man behind the theories. In clear and eloquent language, the author helps us appreciate the breadth and richness of Einstein's vision: from Einstein’s theories supporting time travel, to his research on curved space, the cosmological constant, black holes, worm holes, gravity waves, cosmic lenses, to quantum theory, and beyond. Parker also discusses Einstein's reluctant connection with atomic weapons, his pacifist philosophy, his quest for the elusive unified field theory, and the relationship of his work to the recent "hot" area of superstrings.

Even readers already familiar with Einstein's work will discover a wealth of new material in this singular contribution to the Einstein corpus. Parker's gift for turning complex physics into lucid prose has produced the most complete and accessible volume to elucidate for everyone the magnificent contributions of this most brilliant of scientists.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591021865
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 5/15/2004
  • Pages: 1
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.94 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface 11
Introduction 13
Chapter 1 Twists in the Fabric of Space 23
The Yearbook Article 24
The Equivalence Principle 27
To Prague 28
The Rotating Disk Paradox 30
Back to Switzerland 34
To Berlin 37
The Breakthrough 39
The Warping of Space 42
The Annalen der Physik Paper 43
Chapter 2 Expanding to Space: History of the Cosmological Constant 45
De Sitter's Universe 47
Friedmann's Universe 50
Lemaitre's Universe 53
Slipher and Hubble 54
The Big Bang 61
Inflation Theory 66
Dark Matter 68
The Accelerating Universe 69
Quintessence 72
Alternate Theories 72
What Would Einstein Think? 74
Chapter 3 Black Holes, Wormholes, and Other Demons 75
Never-Ending Collapse 79
After the War 83
Collapse to a Black Hole 85
The No-Hair Theorem 86
Space-Time Diagrams 88
The Penrose Process and More 92
Primordial Black Holes 93
Exploding Black Holes 95
White Holes 97
Into a Black Hole 98
Einstein's Influence 100
Chapter 4 The Mystery of Time and Time Travel 101
The River of Time 103
Einstein's Time 104
Is Time Travel Possible? 106
Sagan and Thorne 106
Transforming to a Time Machine 111
Other Methods for Time Machines 113
Causality and Paradox 113
Problems 115
Where Are the Visitors from the Future? 116
Einstein's Vision 117
Chapter 5 Ripples in the Curvature of Space 119
Weber 122
Others Look for the Waves 125
Sources of Gravitational Waves 126
Taylor and Hulse 128
Weiss and Drever 130
The Interferometer Detector 131
Kip Thorne and the Initiation of LIGO 132
LIGO 134
GEO 600, VIRGO, and TAMA 300 135
Next-Generation Detectors 136
Einstein's Legacy 137
Chapter 6 Gravity's Cosmic Lenses 139
Structure of a Gravitational Lens 140
Early Predictions 141
Discovery of the First Gravitational Lens 142
Gravitational Lens Surveys 144
Determination of the Hubble Constant 144
The Cosmological Constant 146
Einstein Rings 146
Giant Arcs and Arclets 147
Microlensing of Quasars and Stars 149
Extrasolar Planets 150
Cosmic Strings 150
The Future 151
Chapter 7 Einstein's Quantum Legacy 153
The Double-Slit Experiment 155
Einstein and Bohr 157
EPR 158
Entanglement 160
Bell's Inequality 162
Shimony, Horne, and Clauser 162
Alain Aspect and Others 165
Teleportation 165
Faster Than the Speed of Light 168
Einstein's Quantum Vision 169
Chapter 8 Superbombs 171
E = mc[superscript 2] 171
Meitner, Hahn, and Nuclear Fisson 172
The Letter 175
Heisenberg's Bomb 176
The American Bomb 177
To Norway 178
The Manhattan Project 179
The Continuing German Threat 180
Einstein's Role 181
The Hydrogen Bomb 182
Einstein's Reaction 186
Chapter 9 Other Einstein Insights 187
Bose 188
Einstein's Response 190
Bose-Einstein Condensate 191
Einstein's Inventions 194
Masers and Lasers 197
Einstein's Photons 200
Atoms and Molecules 201
Brownian Motion 202
Chapter 10 Dreams of a Unified Theory 203
The First Unified Field Theories 204
The Problem 206
Three Routes to Quantum Gravity 212
Loop Quantum Gravity 214
The Black Hole Connection 215
The Hologram Connection 218
Einstein and the Latest Developments 219
Chapter 11 Strings and Superstrings 221
The Beginnings 221
The Standard Model 224
The First String Quantum Gravity Theory 225
The Schwarz-Green Breakthrough 226
The First String Revolution 227
String Interactions 228
Supersymmetry 230
Adding More Dimensions 232
A Plethora of Theories 233
Testing the Theory 234
Chapter 12 Beyond Superstrings: M-Theory 237
The Standard Approach: Perturbation Theory 238
The Second Superstring Revolution 241
Link to Supergravity 243
Small-Large Dualities 244
M-Theory 245
P-Branes and the Brane World 246
Another Black Hole Connection 247
Holograms and Branes 248
The Final Consensus 249
Epilogue 251
Notes 255
Glossary 265
Bibliography 273
Index 279
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  • Anonymous

    Posted December 7, 2008

    I Also Recommend:

    This book by Barry Parker is a good book

    In the Book Albert Einstein's Vision, Barry Parker, explains how Einstein contributed and shaped modern day science. It first starts out explaining how Einstein formulated the idea of General Relativity. Than it goes into detail of what he did after it. It shows how he and other well known scientist used General Reletivity and the Quantum theory to come up with other branches of physics such as Black hole phsyics. One major theme/message that is presented in this book is that Einstein is the person that started to shape physics for the better. For Instance no one believed that Black holes existed but when he applied Black holes to his equation of General Relativity he found that black holes do exist and when he showed a paper to the public that showed that black holes do exist, black hole physics was started. Another Major Message that is conveyed in this book is that inorder for one person to succede another person must fail first. This is demonstarated in this book when Einstein tryied to figure out if the universe was closed or open. In order to figure this out he need to figure out if the universe was finite or infinit. He choose finite. However Edwin Hubble proved Einstein wrong by introducing the Hubble constant. And because Einstein was wrong about the universe being finite another person came along and figured out that the universe was open. Therefor explaining that because Einstein was wrong and Failed another person came along and succesed. What I like about this book is that Parker (The Author) when there is a hard concept that the average person won't know or hasn't taken physics yet, will explain the concept in real detail and give an example in real life. However I dislike that his details are to specific and get real long and after a point you get just as confused now as you were at the begining. I like also how he starts off with how Einsteins came up with the theory of General Reletivity and then branched off into the ways that Einstein used General Reletivity to come up with other formulas. But then again Parker gets to detailed that it is confusing. Someone should read this if they are in a Physics class and need some clarification on some of Einstein's work. However the average student should not read this because it gets way to confusing. I got most of the stuff in this book however (even though I am a freshman in high school) because we had just skimmed over some of the topics in an Astronomy class I am taking right now. Overall this was a good book and anyone that is interest in learning about Einstein's theories and Formulas should definetly read this book.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 18, 2006

    Other Contributions to Science: Albert Einstein

    Einstein, the man that discovered the theory of relativity and gravity, has also contributed to other areas of science. He has contributed to the study of black holes, teleportation, and many other bases on astronomy, cosmology and physics. Einstein was a gifted scientist of the 20th century. He was a genius ever since he was a child and was influenced by his own will to achieve something great, which he did. During the 1900s, Einstein faced many obstacles that might have prevented him from expressing his true potential ability. Finally, Einstein till this day has excelled modern science into new fields of studies such as the black holes physics and gravitational wave physics.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 13, 2010

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