Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire

Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire

by Tara Nummedal
     
 

What distinguished the true alchemist from the fraud? This question animated the lives and labors of the common men—and occasionally women—who made a living as alchemists in the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Holy Roman Empire. As purveyors of practical techniques, inventions, and cures, these entrepreneurs were prized by princely patrons, who

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Overview

What distinguished the true alchemist from the fraud? This question animated the lives and labors of the common men—and occasionally women—who made a living as alchemists in the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Holy Roman Empire. As purveyors of practical techniques, inventions, and cures, these entrepreneurs were prized by princely patrons, who relied upon alchemists to bolster their political fortunes. At the same time, satirists, artists, and other commentators used the figure of the alchemist as a symbol for Europe’s social and economic ills.

Drawing on criminal trial records, contracts, laboratory inventories, satires, and vernacular alchemical treatises, Alchemy and Authority in the Holy Roman Empire situates the everyday alchemists, largely invisible to modern scholars until now, at the center of the development of early modern science and commerce. Reconstructing the workaday world of entrepreneurial alchemists, Tara Nummedal shows how allegations of fraud shaped their practices and prospects. These debates not only reveal enormously diverse understandings of what the “real” alchemy was and who could practice it; they also connect a set of little-known practitioners to the largest questions about commerce, trust, and intellectual authority in early modern Europe.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226608563
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
12/01/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
256
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Meet the Author

Tara Nummedal is assistant professor of history at Brown University

Table of Contents

Contents

List of Figures  
Acknowledgments  
Note on Early Modern Weights and Measures  
Abbreviations  
 
Introduction  1
1. Assembling Expertise  
2. The Alchemist’s Personae  
3. Entrepreneurial Alchemy  
4. Contracting the Philosophers’ Stone  
5. Laboratories, Space, and Secrecy  
6. Betrüger on Trial  
Conclusion: The Problem of Authority  
 
Notes  
Selected Bibliography  
Index  

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