Alexander I: The Tsar Who Defeated Napoleon [NOOK Book]


Alexander I was a ruler with high aspirations for the people of Russia. Cosseted as a young grand duke by Catherine the Great, he ascended to the throne in 1801 after the brutal assassination of his father. In this magisterial biography, Marie-Pierre Rey illuminates the complex forces that shaped Alexander’s tumultuous reign and sheds brilliant new light on the handsome ruler known to his people as "the Sphinx."   Despite an early and ambitious commitment to sweeping political reforms, Alexander saw his ...
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Alexander I: The Tsar Who Defeated Napoleon

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Alexander I was a ruler with high aspirations for the people of Russia. Cosseted as a young grand duke by Catherine the Great, he ascended to the throne in 1801 after the brutal assassination of his father. In this magisterial biography, Marie-Pierre Rey illuminates the complex forces that shaped Alexander’s tumultuous reign and sheds brilliant new light on the handsome ruler known to his people as "the Sphinx."   Despite an early and ambitious commitment to sweeping political reforms, Alexander saw his liberal aspirations overwhelmed by civil unrest in his own country and by costly confrontations with Napoleon, which culminated in the French invasion of Russia and the burning of Moscow in 1812. Eventually, Alexander turned back Napoleon’s forces and entered Paris a victor two years later, but by then he had already grown weary of military glory. As the years passed, the tsar who defeated Napoleon would become increasingly preoccupied with his own spiritual salvation, an obsession that led him to pursue a rapprochement between the Orthodox and Roman churches.   When in exile, Napoleon once remarked of his Russian rival: “He could go far. If I die here, he will be my true heir in Europe.” It was not to be. Napoleon died on Saint Helena and Alexander succumbed to typhus four years later at the age of forty-eight. But in this richly nuanced portrait, Rey breathes new life into the tsar who stood at the center of the political chessboard of early nineteenth-century Europe, a key figure at the heart of diplomacy, war, and international intrigue during that region’s most tumultuous years.
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Editorial Reviews

Le Monde
"This new biography by Marie-Pierre Rey, a specialist in Russian history, is by far the best. Far from just reading the immense output of books and memoirs of the time, she has taken up the whole case by systematically consulting archives in several countries and the results are as splendid as the effort. . . . In this magisterial work there is no lapse; Marie-Pierre Rey is nuanced and subtle, her mastery of history is allied with the highest knowledge of the available sources."
Le Figaro
"Marie-Pierre Rey with her Alexander I will surprise even the finest connoisseurs of Tsarism. First because she relies on a good number of unpublished sources and underused archives, then because she knows how to derive the most from them, and finally because she delivers a full psychology of a character who vertiginously tried to seize the course of history."
From the Publisher
"Alexander's great strength was the same as his fatal flaw: unbound by filial piety or consistent ideological conviction, he considered himself to be elect, the beneficiary of inspiration denied to other men. It is a truism that hubris of this kind leads reliably to disaster. What makes Rey's book so poignant and vital is the way she shows what else it can produce." -London Review of Books
“Rey … has written a detailed yet highly readable biography of a man whose character remains elusive and controversial…. This is a well-done biography that is appropriate for general readers interested in European history.”—Booklist

"This book does not dispel the mystery - an impossible task - but it is the most detailed biography available in English, and Rey makes extensive use of direct quotation to provide a revealing portrayal of an assertive, convinced reformer on the throne. Highly recommended." -CHOICE

"This magisterial study of Alexander I rests on meticulous archival research and scholarly reading in multiple languages....This work will be a definitive study of Alexander I and the political history of his era."—Slavic Review

Library Journal
Rey (history, Univ. of Paris I) draws the reader in from the beginning of this accessible biography of a complex figure in Russian history. Alexander (1777–1825), the tsar who subdued Napoleon, came to power at a young age. Rey divides the book into four sections, first examining Alexander's education and upbringing, closely documenting the care that his grandmother, Catherine the Great, took in his education, as well as the influence of his Swiss tutor, Frédéric La Harpe. Next, she studies Alexander's domestic reforms, then the Napoleonic campaigns, and, last, the tsar's work toward constitutional change and his evolving interest in mysticism. The book is rich in both published and unpublished sources drawn from many archives, documenting Alexander himself, his family, and his advisers. VERDICT This is a biography with strong academic value as well as (in Emanuel's fluid translation) a readable narrative. Highly recommended to all students of the long 18th century, tsarist history, and Napoleonic studies. Fans of Tolstoy's War and Peace who want to learn more about the tsar who defeated Napoleon will also find this enlightening.—Amy Lewontin, Northeastern Univ. Lib., Boston
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781609090654
  • Publisher: Northern Illinois University Press
  • Publication date: 11/15/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 504
  • Sales rank: 1,401,914
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

Marie-Pierre Rey is professor of Russian and Soviet history at the University of Paris I (Sorbonne) and director of the Slavic Research Center. She has written De la Russie à l’Union Sovietique: La Construction de l’Empire 1462-1953 and Le Dilemme Russe: La Russie et l’Europe Occidental d’Ivan le Terrible à Boris Eltsine. An American translator of twenty years standing, Susan Emanuel has specialized in sociology, history, cultural studies, international relations, religion, and biography.
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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments vii

Authors Note ix

Introduction xi

Prologue 3

Part 1 The Childhood and Youth of an Emperor, 1777-1801

1 Monsieur Alexander and Catherine the Great 13

2 "The Monarch-in-Training" 23

3 A Grand Duke Torn Between Greater and Lesser Courts 43

4 The Tsarevich at Paul I's Court: 1796-1801 67

Part 2 The Promising Reign: A Spirit of Reform, 1801-1807

5 Reformist Attempts 87

6 Reforming Program: 1801-1805 113

7 On the International Stage: 1801-1805 137

Part 3 The Napoleonic Wars, 1805-1815

8 From Military Fiascos to the Tilsit Agreements: 1805-1807 161

9 The Time of the French Alliance: 1807-1812 187

10 Between Domestic Reforms and Military Preparations: 1807-1812 212

11 1812: The Duel of the Emperors 233

12 A European Tsar: 1813-1815 258

Part 4 An Increasingly Conservative Reign, 1815-1825

13 Mystic Exaltation, Reformist Aspiration, and Conservative Practice: 1815-1820 297

14 Russian Diplomacy in the "European System": 1815-1825 328

15 Twilight: 1820-1825 348

By Way of Epilogue: The Feodor Kuzmich Mystery 381

Notes 387

Bibliography 421

Index 435

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