Alexander William Doniphan: Portrait of a Missouri Moderate

Alexander William Doniphan: Portrait of a Missouri Moderate

by Roger D. Launius
     
 

Alexander William Doniphan (1808-1887)—Missouri attorney, military figure, politician, and businessman—is one of the most significant figures in antebellum Missouri. From the 1830s to the 1880s, Doniphan was active in a variety of affairs in Missouri and held firm to several underlying principles, including loyalty, hard work, the sanctity of the republic

Overview

Alexander William Doniphan (1808-1887)—Missouri attorney, military figure, politician, and businessman—is one of the most significant figures in antebellum Missouri. From the 1830s to the 1880s, Doniphan was active in a variety of affairs in Missouri and held firm to several underlying principles, including loyalty, hard work, the sanctity of the republic, and commitment to Christian charity. However, the key to Doniphan's importance was his persistent moderation on the critical issues of his day.

Doniphan became a household name when he served as the commanding officer of the famed First Missouri Mounted Volunteers during the Mexican-American War. It was during this time that he won two battles, established an Anglo-American-based democracy in New Mexico, and paved the way for the annexation of the territory that became New Mexico and Arizona. He is also recognized by the Mormons for his assistance to their beleaguered church during Missouri's "Mormon War" and for his refusal to execute Joseph Smith when ordered to do so by his commanding officer.

Although Doniphan was a slaveholding unionist, he sought a middle ground to stave off war in the 1850s and early 1860s and served as a delegate to the Washington Peace Conference in 1861. When conflict escalated along the western border of Missouri in 1862, Doniphan moved to St. Louis, where he worked as a lawyer with the Missouri Claims Commission, seeking pensions for refugees.

Doniphan early adopted the Whig ideal of the "positive liberal state" and sought to use the power of government to remake society into something better. Once he saw the heavy-handed use of state power during Reconstruction, however, Doniphan reversed his views on the role of the government in society. For the rest of his life, he resisted government incursions into the lives of the people and sought to restore a healthy Union.

Alexander William Doniphan will be of interest to academic specialists and general readers alike, especially those interested in Mormon studies, Missouri history, military history, and Western history.

Editorial Reviews

Booknews
The key to Doniphan's prominence as a Missouri attorney, military leader, politician, and businessman from the 1830s to the 1880s lay in his persistent moderation on the critical issues of his day. The author describes Doniphan's success as a brigadier general of the Missouri State Militia in the war with Mexico in 1846, his influence as a Missouri Whig, and his choice not to fight in the Civil War. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780826211323
Publisher:
University of Missouri
Publication date:
12/28/1997
Series:
Missouri Biography Series
Pages:
316
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

Roger D. Launius is the Chief Historian of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Washington, D.C. He is the author or editor of numerous books, including Joseph Smith III: Pragmatic Prophet, which received the prestigious David W. and Beatrice C. Evans Biography Award.

The Missouri Biography Series, edited by William E. Foley

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