Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect / Edition 1

Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect / Edition 1

by Herbert Alan Davidson, Davidson
     
 

A study of problems, all revolving around the subject of intellect in the philosophies of Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, this book starts by reviewing discussions in Greek and early Arabic philosophy which served as the background for the three Arabic thinkers. Davidson examines the cosmologies and theories of human and active intellect in the three philosophers

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Overview

A study of problems, all revolving around the subject of intellect in the philosophies of Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, this book starts by reviewing discussions in Greek and early Arabic philosophy which served as the background for the three Arabic thinkers. Davidson examines the cosmologies and theories of human and active intellect in the three philosophers and covers such subjects as: the emanation of the supernal realm from the First Cause; the emanation of the lower world from the transcendent active intellect; stages of human intellect; illumination of the human intellect by the transcendent active intellect; conjunction of the human intellect with the transcendent active intellect; prophecy; and human immortality. Davidson shows that medieval Jewish philosophers and the Latin Scholastics had differing perceptions of Averroes because they happened to use works belonging to different periods of his philosophic career.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195074239
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/28/1992
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
6.38(w) x 9.56(h) x 1.34(d)

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Table of Contents

1Introduction3
2Greek and Arabic Antecedents7
Stages of Human Intellect9
The Kind of Entity That the Active Intellect Is13
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Human Thought18
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence29
Conjunction with the Active Intellect; Immortality34
3Alfarabi on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellect44
Al-Madina al-Fadila and al-Siyasa al-Madaniyya44
Alfarabi's Philosophy of Aristotle63
The Risala fi al-Aql65
Alfarabi's Commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics70
Concluding Note73
4Avicenna on Emanation, the Active Intellect, and Human Intellect74
The Emanation of the Universe; the Active Intellect as a Cause of the Existence of the Sublunar World74
Stages of Human Intellect; the Active Intellect as the Cause of Human Thought83
Imagination, Cogitation, Insight95
Conjunction and Immortality103
Prophecy116
Summary124
5Reverberations of the Theories of Alfarabi and Avicenna127
Avicenna's Islamic Successors127
Reverberations in Medieval Jewish Philosophy180
Reverberations in Scholastic Philosophy209
Summary218
6Averroes on Emanation and on the Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence220
General Considerations220
The Emanation of the Universe223
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: Epitomes of the Parva naturalia and the Metaphysics232
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: The Commentary on De generatione animalium242
The Active Intellect as a Cause of Existence: The Long Commentary on the Metaphysics and Tahafut al-Tahafut (Destructio destructionum)245
Summary254
7Averroes on the Material Intellect258
Introduction258
The Epitome of the De anima and the Epistle on the Possibility of Conjunction265
A Minor Composition on Conjunction and the Middle Commentary on the De anima274
Averroes' Long Commentary on the De anima and his Commentary on Alexander's De intellectu282
Summary295
Averroes' Theories of Material Intellect as Reflected in Subsequent Jewish and Christian Thought298
8Averroes on the Active Intellect as the Cause of Human Thought315
The Passage of the Human Intellect to Actuality315
The Possibility of Conjunction with the Active Intellect; Immortality321
Prophecy340
Averroes' Shifting Picture of the Universe and of Man's Place in It351
Index357

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