Algebra of Conscience / Edition 2

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $198.05
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 26%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (5) from $198.05   
  • New (5) from $198.05   


Conscience is an essential human attribute. Nevertheless, in the construction of formal models of the subject it is customarily left outside the framework of theoretical analysis. The Algebra of Conscience, whose first edition appeared in 1982, was the first specialized work modeling the phenomenon of conscience. The method used in this book made it possible to connect moral experience with decision-making procedures on the level of mathematical models. The application of such models allows us to propose the hypothesis of two fundamentally different ethical systems determining the normative patterns of human behavior in situations of conflict. Under the first ethical system the subject's self-esteem is raised if the subject seeks to resolve the conflict; in the second it is raised by seeking to dramatize the conflict.
The new edition of The Algebra of Conscience is significantly expanded. The second part of the book, devoted to moral choice, is completely new. Based on the theory presented in the first part, it constructs the model of a subject capable of making an intentional choice. A special variable corresponds to the subject's intention. This development allows us to include within the model freedom of will and freedom of choice, and also to generalize classical 2×2 game theory to the case where outcomes, in addition to having utility measures, are either 'positive' or 'negative.'
In its concluding chapters the book constructs a dynamic model of the intentional subject faced with a choice between two alternatives, neither of which is morally acceptable for the subject. It is shown that in this case the probabilities of choice of the alternatives may change chaotically. From this it follows that one cannot predict which alternative will be chosen or even the probabilities with which they will be chosen.
Audience: The book is addressed to a broad readership having elementary knowledge of mathematical logic and the theory of probability. It can be used in college courses studying the modelling of moral choice. The book's material can also be used in the design of artificial intelligence systems.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789048157518
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 12/10/2010
  • Series: Theory and Decision Library A: Series, #30
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of hardcover 2nd ed. 2001
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 358
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.77 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword; A. Rapoport. Acknowledgments to the second edition. Acknowledgments to the first edition. Preface to the second ediction. Introductory Chapter. Part One: Ethical Systems. I. Moral Cognition. II. Ethical Systems and Boolean Algebra. III. Boolean Algebra, Exponent, Logarithm. IV. Individuals, Reflexion, and Interaction. V. Automata with Semantics and Ethical Status. VI. A Formal Representation of Doubts and Feelings. VII. A Formal Comparison of Ethical Systems: Guilt, Condemnation, Doubt. VIII. A Formal Comparison of Ethical Systems: Doubts and Ethical Status. IX. Ethical Analysis of Artistic and Propagandistic Literature. X. Experimental Analysis of Normative Individuals. XI. The Principle of Maximization of the Ethical Status of One's Image of Oneself. XII. Feelings and Sacrifices. XIII. Formal Connections between Modules of Inner Structures and Individuals. XIV. Interaction. Activity and Its Measure. XV. Ethical Typology in the Novel Crime and Punishment by Dostoevsky. XVI. Ideology, Morality, and Political Organization. XVII. Generalization. Proof of Existence of Ethically Non-Measurable Situations. Part Two: Moral Choice. I. The Tree-Faced Janus: An Initial Metaphor for the Model of the Subject. II. A Boolean Model of Bipolar Choice. III. Metachoice. IV. Modeling of Awareness. V. The Prisoner's Dilemma. VI. The Morality of Results and the Morality of Means. VII. A Boolean-Linear Model of the Subject. VIII. Examples of Modeling the Process of Choice. IX. Imitation of the Other. X. The subject Controlling His Relationships with Another Subject. XI. Two Aspects of Choice. XII. Generalization of Classical Game Theory of 2×2 Zero-Sum Game. XIII. Risk and Caution. XIV. The Non-Linear Model of the Subject. XV. Subject with a Quadratic Model of the Situation. XVI. Streams of Consciousness and Difference Equations. XVII. Streams of Consciousness and Acts of Awareness Epilogue to Part Two. Appendices. References. Index of Names. Subject Index.

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)