The control of office has long been regarded as the key to understanding power and policy in the Soviet system. What, however, accounts for this control of office? Numerous conventional studies have addressed this question by focusing on the individuals who make up the Soviet elite at one time or another. This book adopts a different perspective by treating the personnel system itself as a set of power relations that govern the mobility of the individuals within it. Using the Belorussian Republic as the site of the investigation, the author analyzes the movements of individuals as sequences of complex interrelations structured by the system. He demonstrates how regionalism has played an important role and patronage the decisive role in shaping the patterns of elite circulation in Belorussia, and outlines changes in these same patterns following the advent of the Gorbachev leadership, changes that were anticipated in some respects by events in Belorussia.
List of figures and tables; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Method, model and historical background; 2. Hierarchy, mobility and a stratified model; 3. Centralization as a determinant of elite circulation; 4. The regional structure of elite circulation; 5. The structure of patronage affiliations; 6. Does faction make a difference?; 7. Political succession; 8. Conclusions, implications and the question of levels; Appendices; Notes; Index.