Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados: Cambiando la Naturaleza de la Naturaleza: Que necesita saber para proteger a usted mismo, a su familia y a nuestro planeta

Alimentos Geneticamente Modificados: Cambiando la Naturaleza de la Naturaleza: Que necesita saber para proteger a usted mismo, a su familia y a nuestro planeta

by Martin Teitel, Kimberly A. Wilson
     
 

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ACONTECIMIENTOS RECIENTES

"Para los clientes que desean entender porqué sus alimentos han sido genéticamente modificados sin su consentimiento, de hecho, sin ninguna prueba ni etiquetado, es esencial leer el oportuno libro de Teitel y Wilson. Este nos dice quiénes son los ganadores y perdedores en el experimento global con el abastecimiento de

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Overview

ACONTECIMIENTOS RECIENTES

"Para los clientes que desean entender porqué sus alimentos han sido genéticamente modificados sin su consentimiento, de hecho, sin ninguna prueba ni etiquetado, es esencial leer el oportuno libro de Teitel y Wilson. Este nos dice quiénes son los ganadores y perdedores en el experimento global con el abastecimiento de alimento en el mundo".
Sheldon Krimsky, autor de Agricultural Biotechnology and the Environment
(Biotecnología Agerícola y Medio Ambiente).

"Martin Teitel y Kimberly Wilson han acortado el camino a toda exageración y concepto erróneo alrededor de los alimentos genéticamente modificados y proporcionan un texto indispensable para toda familia que esté preocupada por hacer elecciones inteligentes sobre su régimen alimenticio, en el siglo de la biotecnología. Recomiendo a todo consumidor que lea este libro antes de ir otra vez al supermercado. Le abrirá los ojos, cambiará lo que lleva a su boca, y transformará para siempre su manera de pensar acerca de los alimentos".
Jeremy Rifkin, autor de The Biotech Century
(El Siglo de la Biotecnología).

"Por mucho, la más accesible e informativa publicación que he leído hasta la fecha sobre ingeniería genética en la producción de alimentos. Está escrita de tal manera que los no científicos pueden comprender en su totalidad el alcance de esta tecnología. Un libro excelente".
Katherine DiMatteo, Directora Ejecutiva, Organic Trade Association
(Asociación de Comercio Orgánico).

Describe un mundo donde las papas a la francesa que usted están registradas como un pesticida. Donde las plantas de maíz matan a las mariposas monarca; las plantas de soya proliferan en dosis de herbicida que matarían a una planta normal. Donde las corporaciones multinacionales poseen las semillas que los agricultores cultivan, y legalmente controlan sus acciones.

Ese mundo existe. En este momento estos eventos están sucediendo y nos está pasando a todos. Los alimentos genéticamente modificados de plantas cuyas estructuras genéticas son alteradas por los científicos, de formas que nunca podrían pasar en la naturaleza ya están presentes en la mayoría de los productos que usted compra en los supermercados. No cuentan con etiquetas, no son deseados y mayormente no probados.

En esta actualizada y aumentada edición de Alimentos Genéticamente Modificados: Cambiando la Naturaleza de la Naturaleza, escrito por Martin Teitel y Kimberly Wilson, explican lo que la ingeniería genética es y cómo trabaja, luego exploran los riesgos de salud inolucrados por comer estos alimentos de reciente creación. Hablan de los peligros ecológicos que pudieran resultar de la cruza de plantas modificadas con espcies silvestres y que escapan totalmente del control humano, así como de la ruina económica que pueda ocurrir a los pequeños agricultores que se encuentran a merced de las enormes corporaciones, para obtener su medio de subsistencia. Dirigiéndose a la propaganda de "alimentar al pobre" que la industria del agronegocio divulga, los autores describen cómo la "revolución" de la ingeniería genética, en realidad amenaza con desplazar a los agricultores en el Tercer Mundo e intensificar el problema del hambre en el mundo. Finalmente, Teitel Y Wilson consideran las implicaciones éticas y espirituales de este radical cambio, en nuestra relación con el mundo natural y muestra lo que el futuro nos depara si no actuamos ahora, para implementar una moratoria en la producción de alimento genéticamente modificado.

Martin Teitel, Ph.D., es Presidente del Consejo para Genéticos Responsables, una organización nacional sin fines lucrativos de científicos y activistas preocupados, fundad en 1983 para fomentar el debate público sobre las implicaciones sociales, éticas, de salud, económicas y ambientales de la tecnología genética. Kimberly A. Wilson, anterior director del Programa sobre la Biotecnología Comercial y el Medio Ambiente del consejo, trabaja con la Compaña de Ingeniería Genética de Greenpeace.

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Editorial Reviews

Jeremy Rifkin
"Cuts through all the hype and misconceptions surrounding genetically engineered food and provides the indispensable primer."
From the Publisher
"Cuts through all the hype and misconceptions surrounding genetically engineered food and provides the indispensable primer."
author of The Biotech Century Jeremy Rifkin
"Cuts through all the hype and misconceptions surrounding genetically engineered food and provides the indispensable primer."

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780892811434
Publisher:
Inner Traditions/Bear & Company
Publication date:
09/28/2003
Edition description:
Original
Pages:
202
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Meet the Author

Martin Teitel, Ph.D., the author of Rain Forest in Your Kitchen, is Executive Director of the Council for Responsible Genetics. He lives in Boston. Kimberly A. Wilson, former director of the council's program on Commercial Biotechnology and the Environment, works with the Greenpeace biotechnology campaign and lives in San Francisco.

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From the Foreword by Ralph Nader

Genetic engineering--of food and other products--has far outrun the science that must be its first governing discipline. Therein lies the peril, the risk, and the foolhardiness. Scientists who do not recognize this chasm may be practicing "corporate science" driven by sales, profits, proprietary secrets, and political influence-peddling.
   Good science is open, vigorously peer reviewed, and intolerant of commercial repression as it marches toward empirical truths. The rush of genetically engineered foods is leaving behind three areas of science: (1) ecology, often academically defined as the study of the distribution and abundance of organisms; (2) nutrition-disease dynamics; and (3) basic molecular genetics itself. The scientific understanding of the consequences of genetically altering organisms in ways not found in nature remains poor.
   Without commensurate advances in these arenas, the wanton release of genetically engineered products is tantamount to flying blind. The infant science of ecology is underequipped to predict the complex interactions between engineered organisms and extant ones. As for any nutritional effects, our knowledge is also deeply inadequate. Even 
in a more traditional area of research, it was not until last year that scientists reported much more acid-resistant E.coli in cattle that were fed conventional grains than in those fed hay, a situation that weakens the human barrier to food-borne pathogens.
   Finally, our crude ability to alter the molecular genetics of organisms far outstrips our capacity to predict the consequences of these alterations even at the molecular level. Foreign gene insertions may change the expression of other genes in ways that we cannot foresee. Moreover, as Martin Teitel and Kimberly Wilson point out in this book, the very techniques used to effect the incorporation of foreign genetic material in traditional food plants may make those genes susceptible to further unwanted exchanges with other organisms. Still, the hubris of genetic engineers soars despite an enormously complex set of unknowns.
   Corporate promoters, such as the Monsanto Corporation, are racing to be first in their markets. Using crudely limited trial-and-error techniques, they are playing a guessing game with the environment of flora and fauna, with immensely intricate genetic organisms, and with, of course, their customers on farms and in grocery stores. This is why these marketeers cannot answer the many central questions raised in this book. They simply do not have the science yet with which to provide even preliminary answers. These companies are so focused on sales that they view with antagonism an independent, open science positing and testing hypotheses with their corporate data.
   Selective corporate engineering, unmindful of the need for a parallel development of our knowledge of consequences, can produce disasters. Costly misfits and externalities of past and current technologies-from motor vehicles to atomic power reactors and their waste products to antibiotic-resistant bacteria-should give us pause.
   What are the proven benefits of genetically engineered foods that would offset these multifaceted risks? As the authors point out, genetically modified foods "do not taste better, provide more nutrition, cost less, or look nicer. Why, then, would a person with a food allergy run the risk, however large or small it might be, of a life-threatening reaction when safe alternatives are available?" 
   If the countercheck of science and scientists has been impeded for the time being by the biotechnology industry, what of other precautionary and oversight forces? On this score the record is also dismal. As the engine of massive research and development subs??? and technology transfers to this industry, the federal government has become the prime aider and abettor. In addition, the government has adopted an abdicating nonregulatory policy toward an industry most likely, as matters now stand, to modify the natural world in the twenty-first century. When it comes to biotechnology, the word in Washington is not regulation; rather it is "guidelines" and even then in the most dilatory and incomplete manner. On August 15, 1999, the Washington Post reported that the "FDA is now five years behind in its promises to develop guidelines" for testing the allergy potential of genetically engineered food. The EPA is similarly negligent. To quote the Post article again, "while the agency has promised to spell out in detail what crop developers should do to ensure that their gene-altered plants won't damage the environment it has failed to do so for the past five years." Post reporter Rick Weiss then cited studies showing adverse effects developing that vendors had not predicted.
   The U.S. Department of Agriculture has been handing out tax dollars to commercial corporations, including cofunding the notorious Terminator seed project, in order to protect the intellectual property of biotechnology firms from some farmers. You can expect nothing but continuing boosterism from that corner.
   The creation of pervasive unknowns affecting billions of people and their planet should invite, at least, a greater assumption of the burden of proof by corporate instigators that their products are safe. Not for this industry. It even opposes disclosing its presence to consumers in the nation's food markets and restaurants. Against repeated opinion polls demanding the labeling of genetically engineered foods, these companies have used their political power over the legislative and executive branches of government to block the consumers' right to know and to choose. This issue could soon become the industry's Achilles' heel.
   What about universities and their molecular biologists? Can we expect independent assessments from them? Unfortunately, with few exceptions, they have been compromised by consulting complicities, business partnerships, or fear. Although voices within the Academy are beginning to be heard more often, both directly and through such organizations as the Council for Responsible Genetics, the din of the propaganda, campaign money, media intimidation, and marketing machines is still overwhelming. In 1990 Harvard Medical School graduate and author Michael Crichton warned about the commercialization of molecular biology without federal regulation, without a coherent government policy and without watchdogs among scientists themselves. He said, "It is remarkable that nearly every scientist in genetics research is also engaged in the commerce of biotechnology. There are no detached observers."

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