All Can Be Saved: Religious Tolerance and Salvation in the Iberian Atlantic World

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Overview

It would seem unlikely that one could discover tolerant religious attitudes in Spain, Portugal, and the New World colonies during the era of the Inquisition, when enforcement of Catholic orthodoxy was widespread and brutal. Yet this groundbreaking book does exactly that. Drawing on an enormous body of historical evidence—including records of the Inquisition itself—the historian Stuart Schwartz investigates the idea of religious tolerance and its evolution in the Hispanic world from 1500 to 1820. Focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of common people rather than those of intellectual elites, the author finds that no small segment of the population believed in freedom of conscience and rejected the exclusive validity of the Church.

The book explores various sources of tolerant attitudes, the challenges that the New World presented to religious orthodoxy, the complex relations between “popular” and “learned” culture, and many related topics. The volume concludes with a discussion of the relativist ideas that were taking hold elsewhere in Europe during this era.

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Editorial Reviews

Books & Culture

"Schwartz argues eloquently and convincingly. . . . A flowing narrative that is at once gripping and enlightening. . . . All Can Be Saved should prove to be a very important contribution to our understanding of religious belief, past and present."—Carlos Eire, Books & Culture

— Carlos Eire

The Monarchy

“. . . Schwartz is far too good a historian to draw hard-and-fast conclusions . . . hitherto forgotten individuals of all categories (to) express their widely ranging views on the human condition afresh. As readable as it is scholarly, his achievement is highly to be recommended.” - Count Tolstoy, The Monarchy

— Count Tolstoy

New York Review of Books

“The range of its ambition, the extent of its documentation, and the breadth of its geographical scope make his new book a remarkable achievement.”—J.H. Elliott, The New York Review of Books

— J.H. Elliott

Conference on Latin American History

Winner of the Bolton-Johnson Prize awarded by the Conference on Latin American History

— Bolton-Johnson Prize

Catholic Historical Review

"This richly textured study is full of fascinating material and rewards the reader with accounts and discussion of some inspiring human stories."—Catholic Historical Review
The Americas

"This book represents a far-reaching, thoughtful, entertaining, and provocative study of dissidence and toleration. . . . [It] will remain an important sounding board for future studies that examine the cultural history of ideas of the common folk."—James. E. Wadsworth, The Americas

— James. E. Wadsworth

Journal of World History

"Impressively wide-ranging. . . . All Can Be Saved is pathbreaking for its methodology as well as its argument. . . .Schwartz sets a brilliant precedent here for pushing aside the tired boundaries of Iberian historiography to uncover surprising, deeply rooted, and shared societal attitudes of the early modern world."—Karin Velez, Journal of World History

— Karin Velez

Cundhill Foundation - Cundill International Prize in History

Winner of the 2008 Cundill International Prize in History, given by the Cundill Foundation at McGill University.

Teofilo F. Ruiz

"This book is a major achievement by a senior historian with a long history of prolific and insightful scholarship. It will become one of those cherished classics that change the way we think."—Teofilo F. Ruiz, UCLA

Geoffrey Parker

“Not many academic histories make you laugh out loud. Schwartz shows ordinary people using vulgarity and humor to convince inquisitors that sex between single people was no sin, and that all sincere believers (Muslim, Christians, Protestants) would be saved—even though they knew such defiance normally led to savage punishments. This is a book you must read.”—Geoffrey Parker, author of The Grand Strategy of Philip II

Natalie Zemon Davis

“Stuart Schwartz widens the road to religious tolerance with fascinating new examples from Portugal, Spain and their American colonies. Tradesmen, farmers, and slaves argue a down-to-earth relativism as independently as any radical scholar. An important book for understanding what leads people to accept difference and a source of hope for our own time.”—Natalie Zemon Davis, author of Trickster Travels: A Sixteenth-Century Muslim Between Worlds
Books & Culture - Carlos Eire

"Schwartz argues eloquently and convincingly. . . . A flowing narrative that is at once gripping and enlightening. . . . All Can Be Saved should prove to be a very important contribution to our understanding of religious belief, past and present."—Carlos Eire, Books & Culture
The Monarchy - Count Tolstoy

“. . . Schwartz is far too good a historian to draw hard-and-fast conclusions . . . hitherto forgotten individuals of all categories (to) express their widely ranging views on the human condition afresh. As readable as it is scholarly, his achievement is highly to be recommended.” - Count Tolstoy, The Monarchy
New York Review of Books - J.H. Elliott

“The range of its ambition, the extent of its documentation, and the breadth of its geographical scope make his new book a remarkable achievement.”—J.H. Elliott, The New York Review of Books

American Historical Association (AHA) - John E. Fagg Prize

Winner of the 2009 John E. Fagg Prize, given by the American Historical Association.
American Historical Association (AHA) - Leo Gershoy Award

Winner of the 2009 Leo Gershoy Award, given by the American Historical Association.
Conference on Latin American History - Bolton-Johnson Prize

Winner of the Bolton-Johnson Prize awarded by the Conference on Latin American History
The Americas - James. E. Wadsworth

"This book represents a far-reaching, thoughtful, entertaining, and provocative study of dissidence and toleration. . . . [It] will remain an important sounding board for future studies that examine the cultural history of ideas of the common folk."—James. E. Wadsworth, The Americas
Journal of World History - Karin Velez

"Impressively wide-ranging. . . . All Can Be Saved is pathbreaking for its methodology as well as its argument. . . .Schwartz sets a brilliant precedent here for pushing aside the tired boundaries of Iberian historiography to uncover surprising, deeply rooted, and shared societal attitudes of the early modern world."—Karin Velez, Journal of World History
Felipe Fern�ndez-Armesto
"In this superb and strikingly original book, Stuart Schwartz raises an audacious thesis that is sure to excite attention and controversy."—Felipe Fernández-Armesto, Tufts University
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780300158540
  • Publisher: Yale University Press
  • Publication date: 11/24/2009
  • Pages: 352
  • Sales rank: 404,128
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Stuart Schwartz is George Burton Adams Professor of History and Director of the Council of Latin American and Iberian Studies at Yale University. He has published extensively on the history of Spain, Portugal, and their New World colonies.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 1

I Iberian Doubts

1 Propositions 17

2 Conversos and Moriscos 43

3 Christian Tolerance 70

4 Portugal: Old Christians and New Christians 93

II American Liberties

5 American Propositions: Body and Soul in the Indies 121

6 American Adjustments 150

7 Brazil: Salvation in a Slave Society 177

III Toward Toleration

8 From Tolerance to Toleration in the Eighteenth-Century Iberian Atlantic World 209

9 Rustic Pelagians 242

Notes 257

Glossary 301

Select Bibliography 303

Index 325

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