Alternative Logics. Do Sciences Need Them? / Edition 1

Alternative Logics. Do Sciences Need Them? / Edition 1

by Paul A. Weingartner
     
 

Initially proposed as rivals of classical logic, alternative logics have become increasingly important in sciences such as quantum physics, computer science, and artificial intelligence. The contributions collected in this volume address and explore the question whether the usage of logic in the sciences, especially in modern physics, requires a deviation from

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Overview

Initially proposed as rivals of classical logic, alternative logics have become increasingly important in sciences such as quantum physics, computer science, and artificial intelligence. The contributions collected in this volume address and explore the question whether the usage of logic in the sciences, especially in modern physics, requires a deviation from classical mathematical logic. The articles in the first part of the book set the scene by describing the context and the dilemma when applying logic in science. In Part II the authors offer several logics that deviate in different ways from classical logics. The twelve papers in Part III investigate in detail specific aspects such as quantum logic, quantum computation, computer-science considerations, praxic logic, and quantum probability. Most of the contributions are revised and partially extended versions of papers presented at a conference of the same title of the Académie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences held at the Internationales Forschungszentrum Salzburg in May 1999. Others have been added to complete the picture of recent research in alternative logics as they have been developed for applications in the sciences.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9783642073915
Publisher:
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Publication date:
12/10/2010
Edition description:
Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. 2004
Pages:
368
Product dimensions:
0.80(w) x 9.21(h) x 6.14(d)

Table of Contents

General Topics: Why is it Logical to Admit Several Logics?- Does Metaphysics Need a Non-Classical Logic?- Logic and the Philosophical Interpretation of Science.- How Set Theory Impinges on Logic.- Geometries and Arithmetics.- Remarks on Criteria of Truth and Models in Science.- Significant? Not Significant? The Dilemma of Statistical Induction in Scientific Research.- Alternative Proposals: Outline of a Paraconsistent Category Theory.- Combinatory Logic, Language, and Cognitive Representations.- Extending the Realm of Logic. The Adaptive-Logic Programme.- Comments on Jaakko Hintikka's Post-Tarskian Truth.- Alternative Logics Motivated by Problems of Application to Science: Applied Logics for Computer Science.- Shastic Versus Deterministic Features in Learning Models.- Praxic Logics.- Reasons from Science for Limiting Classical Logic.- The Language of Interpretation in Quantum Physics and Its Logic.- Why Objectivist Programs in Quantum Theory Do Not Need an Alternative Logic.- Does Quantum Physics Require a New Logic?- Experimental Approach to Quantum-Logical Connectives.- From Semantics to Syntax: Quantum Logic of Observables.- An Unsharp Quantum Logic from Quantum Computation.- Quantum Logic and Quantum Probability.- Operator Algebras and Quantum Logic.

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