Alternative Paths: Soviets and Americans, 1917-1920

Overview

Between 1917 and 1920—from the Bolshevik Revolution to the definitive statement of American opposition to Bolshevik Russia—Soviets and Americans searched for ways to effect meaningful interactions between their two nations in the absence of formal diplomatic relations. During these years, wide-ranging discussions occurred on a variety of serious issues, from military collaboration and economic relations to the comprehensive settlement of political and military disputes. At the same time, extensive debates took ...

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Overview

Between 1917 and 1920—from the Bolshevik Revolution to the definitive statement of American opposition to Bolshevik Russia—Soviets and Americans searched for ways to effect meaningful interactions between their two nations in the absence of formal diplomatic relations. During these years, wide-ranging discussions occurred on a variety of serious issues, from military collaboration and economic relations to the comprehensive settlement of political and military disputes. At the same time, extensive debates took place in both countries about the nature of the relations between them. As McFadden shows in this pathbreaking book, based on research in Soviet archives as well as previously unused private collections and government archives in the United States and Great Britain, a surprising number of concrete agreements were reached between the two countries. These included continued operation of the American Red Cross in Russia, the transfer of war materials from the Russian army to the Americans, the sale of strategic supplies of platinum from the Bolsheviks to the United States, and the exemption of a number of American corporations from Soviet government nationalization decrees. Numerous important diplomats and politicians were involved in these negotiations. McFadden offers a timely reevaluation in a post-Cold War era.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195071870
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 3/28/1993
  • Pages: 464
  • Product dimensions: 6.44 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.27 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 3
Pt. 1 The Soviet-American Context
1 Lenin's American Policy 15
2 Many Actors in Search of a Policy: U.S. Discussions About the Bolsheviks, 1917-1919 33
Pt. 2 Interactions in Russia, 1917-1918
3 Judson, Trotsky, and Bolshevik-American Military Collaboration, 1917-1918 57
4 Raymond Robins and Discussions on Political and Economic Cooperation, 1917-1918 79
5 Chicherin-Poole Discussions, May to August, 1918 125
Pt. 3 Isolation and the Search for Peace, 1918-1919
6 Isolation and the Struggle for Contact 153
7 Maksim Litvinov and the Bolshevik Opening to the West 175
8 Paris I: The Prinkipo Failure 191
9 Paris II: Bullitt's Mission to Lenin 218
10 Paris III: Hoover-Nansen - The Politics of Food Relief 244
Pt. 4 Economic Overtures and Response, 1919-1920
11 The Bolsheviks and Economic Diplomacy, 1919-1920 267
12 The United States Responds: Red Scare and Definitive Policy, 1919-1920 294
Conclusion: Interaction and Exploration 336
Notes 340
Index 419
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