ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation, Third Edition / Edition 3

ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation, Third Edition / Edition 3

by Association of Legal Writing Directors, Darby Dickerson
     
 

In its Third Edition, the new standard guide to legal citation continues to present a single, consistent system of citation for all forms of legal writing in a clear, attractive, and easy-to-use format.

This phenomenally popular reference rivals The Bluebook because it:

  • is written, designed, and edited by professionals: Darby Dickerson,

See more details below

Overview

In its Third Edition, the new standard guide to legal citation continues to present a single, consistent system of citation for all forms of legal writing in a clear, attractive, and easy-to-use format.

This phenomenally popular reference rivals The Bluebook because it:

  • is written, designed, and edited by professionals: Darby Dickerson, a leading authority on American legal citation, and the Association of Legal Writing Directors
  • simplifies and clarifies citation by using one consistent and logical system for any type of legal document
  • makes information extremely accessible, with an easy-to-navigate organization, subheadings, two-color design to flag key points, numerous examples, "Fast Formats" for double-checking citations, Sidebars with tips on avoiding common problems, and diagrams and charts to make information available at a glance
  • presents complete coverage of citation basics, citation for primary and secondary sources, citation of electronic sources, and incorporating citations into documents, as well as how to properly quote material and edit quotes
  • offers eight helpful appendices, including local court citation formats, commonly used abbreviations, federal tax citation guidelines, and an example of a legal memorandum that demonstrates the proper integration of citations
  • includes a website for updates and additional appendices
  • facilitates instruction with a thorough Teacher's Manual and PowerPoint CD containing class suggestions, exercises, and helpful ALWD-Bluebook conversion charts

Be sure to notice the new material in the Third Edition:

  • new Rule 7.2 provides guidance on citing both page numbers and footnote or endnote numbers; new Rule 7.3 clarifies citing footnotes and endnotes when using the id. short citation
  • new Rule 8.4 addresses citing material that appears on multiple supplements
  • revised Rule 19 includes additional information on citing Code of Federal Regulations sections appearing in electronic databases and a new rule (19.13) on citing patents
  • Rule 21 has been expanded to include rudimentary information about citing basic international, foreign, and intergovernmental sources
  • new Rule 37.3 explains how to cite unpublished working papers, including material that appears on SSRN.
  • new rule 40.3 explains how to cite weblogs
  • updated examples are provided throughout the text
  • All appendices now appear in the book
  • all appendices now included in the book

If you are not already planning to use The ALWD Citation Manual in your next course, examine the new edition of this revolutionary reference and be prepared to change your min

An author website to support classroom instruction using this title is available at http://www.alwdmanual.com

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780735555716
Publisher:
Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
Publication date:
12/28/2005
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
572
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.20(d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

About the Authorsxxi
Prefacexxiii
Acknowledgments to the First Editionxxvii
Acknowledgments to the Second Editionxxix
Acknowledgments to the Third Editionxxxi
Part 1Introductory Material1
APurpose and Use of Citations3
BHow to Use This Book4
Overall Organization4
Organization within Each Part of This Book5
Finding Tools6
Caveats6
Footnotes Versus Endnotes6
Citing Sources Not Covered in This Book6
Sources for Additional Information7
Citing This Book7
Web Site for Updates and Frequently Asked Questions7
CLocal Citation Rules7
DHow Your Word Processor May Affect Citations8
Margin Justification8
Default Settings and Quick Correct Features8
Part 2Citation Basics11
1.0Typeface for Citations13
1.1Typeface Choices13
1.2When to Use Ordinary Type in Citations13
1.3When to Use Italics in Citations13
1.4Typeface for Punctuation in Citations14
1.5Possessive Endings of Italicized Material14
1.6Italicized Material within Italicized Material14
1.7Italics to Show Emphasis15
1.8Italicizing Foreign Words15
2.0Abbreviations16
2.1Use16
2.2Spacing for Abbreviations16
2.3Authorities Referred to in Textual Sentences17
3.0Spelling and Capitalization19
3.1Words in Titles19
Sidebar 3.1Common Prepositions in Titles20
3.2General Rules21
3.3Capitalizing Specific Words23
3.4Capitalization in Selected Non-English Languages27
3.5Other Capitalization and Spelling Rules28
4.0Numbers29
4.1Numbers in Citations29
4.2Numbers in Textual Material29
4.3Ordinal Numbers32
5.0Page Numbers33
5.1Initial Pages33
5.2Pinpoint Pages33
Sidebar 5.1Importance of Using Pinpoint References35
5.3Citing Consecutive Pages35
5.4Citing Scattered Pages35
Sidebar 5.2Using Hyphens, En Dashes, and "to" for Spans36
5.5Passim36
6.0Citing Sections and Paragraphs37
6.1General Rules37
6.2Spacing38
Sidebar 6.1Inserting the Symbols for Sections and Paragraphs38
6.3Unnumbered Paragraphs38
6.4Subsections and Subparagraphs39
6.5Distinguishing Sections from Subsections39
6.6Citing Consecutive Sections or Paragraphs39
6.7Citing Scattered Sections or Paragraphs40
6.8Citing Consecutive Subdivisions within a Single Section or Paragraph41
6.9Citing Scattered Subdivisions within a Single Section or Paragraph41
6.10Citing Multiple Subdivisions within Multiple Sections or Paragraphs41
6.11Referring to Sections and Paragraphs in Textual Material42
7.0Citing Footnotes and Endnotes43
7.1General Rules43
7.2Preventing Confusion43
7.3Footnotes and Endnotes in Short Citations44
8.0Supplements45
8.1Citing Material Found Only in a Supplement45
8.2Citing Material Found Only in the Main Volume45
8.3Citing Material in Both the Main Volume and a Supplement45
8.4Citing Material in Multiple Supplements46
9.0Graphical Material, Appendices, and Other Subdivisions47
9.1Citing Graphical Material47
9.2Citing Appendices47
9.3Citing Other Subdivisions48
9.4Preventing Confusion48
10.0Internal Cross-References49
10.1Definition49
10.2Material That May Be Cross-Referenced49
10.3Supra and Infra49
10.4Format for Internal Cross-References50
Sidebar 10.1The Two Uses of Supra51
11.0Introduction to Full and Short Citation Formats52
11.1Full Citation Format52
11.2Short Citation Format52
11.3Id. as a Short Citation53
Sidebar 11.1Id. Versus Ibid.53
11.4Supra as a Short Citation56
Part 3Citing Specific Print Sources61
Fast Formats: Cases63
12.0Cases64
12.1Full Citation Format64
12.2Case Name64
Sidebar 12.1Distinguishing Case Names from Party Names65
Sidebar 12.2Public Official Named as a Party71
Sidebar 12.3Explanation of Commonly Used Procedural Phrases75
12.3Reporter Volume76
12.4Reporter Abbreviation76
Chart 12.1Common Reporter Abbreviations77
Sidebar 12.4Early Supreme Court Reporters80
Sidebar 12.5Locating Parallel Citations81
12.5Page Numbers82
12.6Court Abbreviation83
12.7Date87
12.8Subsequent History87
Sidebar 12.6Information about Denials of Certiorari88
12.9Prior History90
12.10Additional Rules Concerning Subsequent and Prior History91
12.11Parenthetical Information93
Chart 12.2Abbreviations for Titles of Judges and Other Judicial Officials94
12.12Cases Published Only on LexisNexis or Westlaw94
12.13Cases Not Yet Reported95
12.14Table Cases and Federal Appendix Cases96
12.15Cases on the Internet97
12.16Neutral Citations98
12.17Cases Published Only in a Looseleaf Service98
12.18Unreported Cases98
12.19Early Federal Circuit Cases99
12.20Court Documents, Transcripts, and Records99
Sidebar 12.7Court Rules Prohibiting or Limiting Citation of Unreported Cases in Briefs100
12.21Short Citation Format101
Fast Formats: Constitutions106
13.0Constitutions107
13.1Which Source to Cite107
13.2Full Citation Format for Constitutions Currently in Force107
13.3Full Citation Format for Constitutions No Longer in Force108
13.4Short Citation Format108
Sidebar 13.1Referring to Constitutions in Text109
Fast Formats: Statutory Codes, Session Laws, and Slip Laws110
14.0Statutory Codes, Session Laws, and Slip Laws111
14.1Which Source to Cite111
14.2Full Citation, Print Format for Federal Statutes Currently in Force111
Sidebar 14.1Date of United States Code114
14.3Full Citation, Print Format for Federal Statutes No Longer in Force115
14.4Full Citation, Print Format for State Statutes115
14.5Statutes Available on Electronic Databases116
14.6Short Citation, Print Format for Federal and State Statutes117
14.7Full Citation Format for Federal Session Laws Currently in Force117
Sidebar 14.2Referring to Statutes in the Text118
14.8Full Citation Format for Federal Session Laws No Longer in Force120
14.9Full Citation Format for State Session Laws120
14.10Short Citation Format for Federal and State Session Laws121
14.11Full Citation Format for Federal Slip Laws121
14.12Full Citation Format for State Slip Laws122
14.13Short Citation Format for Federal and State Slip Laws122
Fast Formats: Other Federal Legislative Materials123
15.0Other Federal Legislative Materials124
15.1Full Citation Format for Unenacted Bills and Resolutions124
Sidebar 15.1Types of Proposed Laws125
15.2Short Citation Format for Unenacted Bills and Resolutions127
15.3Enacted Bills and Joint Resolutions127
15.4Full Citation Format for Enacted Simple and Concurrent Resolutions127
15.5Short Citation Format for Enacted Simple and Concurrent Resolutions128
15.6Proposed House and Senate Amendments128
15.7Full Citation Format for Congressional Hearings129
15.8Short Citation Format for Congressional Hearings131
15.9Full Citation Format for Numbered Congressional Reports, Documents, and Prints132
15.10Short Citation Format for Numbered Congressional Reports, Documents, and Prints135
15.11Unnumbered Reports, Documents, and Prints135
15.12Full Citation Format for Congressional Debates Occurring after 1873135
15.13Short Citation Format for Congressional Debates Occurring after 1873137
15.14Full Citation Format for Congressional Debates through 1873138
15.15Short Citation Format for Congressional Debates through 1873138
15.16Congressional Journals139
15.17United States Code Congressional and Administrative News139
15.18Declaration of Independence140
15.19Other Legislative Materials140
Fast Formats: Other State Legislative Materials141
16.0Other State Legislative Materials142
16.1Full Citation Format for State Unenacted Bills, Files, and Resolutions142
16.2Short Citation Format for State Unenacted Bills, Files, and Resolutions145
16.3State Enacted Bills, Files, and Resolutions145
16.4Full Citation Format for State Legislative Hearings145
16.5Short Citation Format for State Legislative Hearings147
16.6Full Citation Format for State Legislative Reports, Documents, and Prints148
16.7Short Citation Format for State Legislative Reports, Documents, and Prints150
16.8Full Citation Format for State Legislative Debates151
16.9Short Citation Format for State Legislative Debates153
16.10State Legislative Journals153
16.11Other State Legislative Materials153
Fast Formats: Court Rules, Ethics Rules and Opinions, and Jury Instructions155
17.0Court Rules, Ethics Rules and Opinions, and Jury Instructions156
17.1Full Citation Format for Rules Currently in Force156
17.2Full Citation Format for Rules No Longer in Force157
17.3Short Citation Format157
17.4Full Citation Format for Ethics Opinions158
17.5Short Citation Format for Ethics Opinions159
17.6Full Citation Formats for Jury Instructions160
17.7Short Citation Formats for Jury Instructions160
Fast Formats: Local Ordinances161
18.0Local Ordinances162
18.1Full Citation Format for Codified Ordinances162
Sidebar 18.1Locating Ordinances on the Internet163
18.2Full Citation Format for Uncodified Ordinances163
18.3Short Citation Format for Codified and Uncodified Ordinances165
Fast Formats: Federal Administrative and Executive Materials166
19.0Federal Administrative and Executive Materials167
19.1Full Citation Format for Code of Federal Regulations167
Sidebar 19.1Determining the Date of Current C.F.R. Volumes169
19.2Short Citation Format for Code of Federal Regulations169
19.3Full Citation Format for Federal Register170
19.4Short Citation Format for Federal Register171
19.5Full Citation Format for Agency Decisions172
19.6Short Citation Format for Agency Decisions173
19.7Full Citation Format for Attorney General Opinions and Justice Department Office of Legal Counsel Opinions173
Sidebar 19.2Purpose of Attorney General Opinions174
19.8Short Citation Format for Attorney General Opinions and Justice Department Office of Legal Counsel Opinions175
19.9Full Citation Format for Executive Orders, Proclamations, Determinations, and Reorganization Plans175
19.10Short Citation Format for Executive Orders, Proclamations, Determinations, and Reorganization Plans178
19.11Executive Agreements178
19.12Other Presidential Documents178
19.13Patents179
19.14Other Administrative and Executive Materials180
Sidebar 19.3Citing Tax Materials180
Fast Formats: State Administrative and Executive Materials181
20.0State Administrative and Executive Materials182
20.1Full Citation for State Administrative Codes182
20.2Short Citation Format for State Administrative Codes182
20.3Full Citation Format for State Administrative Registers182
20.4Short Citation Format for State Administrative Registers183
20.5Full Citation Format for State Agency Decisions183
20.6Short Citation Format for State Agency Decisions183
20.7Full Citation Format for State Attorney General Opinions183
20.8Short Citation Format for State Attorney General Opinions184
20.9State Executive Materials184
20.10Other State Administrative and Executive Materials185
Fast Formats: Treaties and Conventions, International Sources, and Foreign Sources186
21.0Treaties and Conventions to Which the United States Is a Party, International Sources, and Foreign Sources187
21.1Full Citation Format for Treaties and Conventions Currently in Force187
21.2Full Citation Format for Treaties and Conventions No Longer in Force189
21.3Short Citation Format for Treaties and Conventions189
Chart 21.1Selected Bound Treaty Sources190
Sidebar 21.1Internet Access to International Materials191
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