Amazonian Deforestation and Climate

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Amazonian Deforestation and Climate Edited by J. H. C. Gash Institute of Hydrology, UK C. A. Nobre Centro de Provisão de Tempo Estudos e Climáticos, Brazil J. M. Roberts Institute of Hydrology, UK R. L. Victoria Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Brazil Amazonian Deforestation and Climate describes the results from ABRACOS, the Anglo-Brazilian Amazonian Climate Observation Study. ABRACOS was a major collaboration between British and Brazilian scientists with the objective of quantifying the changes to the ...
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1996 Hardcover Good 0471967343 Fast UK Despatch-1996 ex library hardback with green boards, usual stamps, some wear otherwise nice copy. [69] *****PLEASE NOTE: This item is ... shipping from an authorized seller in Europe. In the event that a return is necessary, you will be able to return your item within the US. To learn more about our European sellers and policies see the BookQuest FAQ section***** Read more Show Less

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1996 Hard cover Very good. No dust jacket as issued. owner's name and address inside front cover Sewn binding. Paper over boards. Audience: General/trade.

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Overview

Amazonian Deforestation and Climate Edited by J. H. C. Gash Institute of Hydrology, UK C. A. Nobre Centro de Provisão de Tempo Estudos e Climáticos, Brazil J. M. Roberts Institute of Hydrology, UK R. L. Victoria Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura, Brazil Amazonian Deforestation and Climate describes the results from ABRACOS, the Anglo-Brazilian Amazonian Climate Observation Study. ABRACOS was a major collaboration between British and Brazilian scientists with the objective of quantifying the changes to the water and carbon cycles and the interaction between the soil, vegetation and atmosphere, which occur when the primary rainforest is removed and replaced with cattle ranchland. The book describes the carefully made measurements in the pasture and rainforest at a series of sites across Amazonia. The data are analysed and interpreted to allow them to be used as the basis of accurate and realistic descriptions of the land surface in the Global Circulation Models which are used to predict the climate effects of large scale deforestation. Results are presented at all scales: for the centimetre scale of leaf and soil moisture measurements, the field scale of micrometeorological flux measurements, through to the scale of meteorological models which predict the climate of the whole Amazonian Basin. This book will provide a wealth of information to all those interested in the environmental effects of Amazonian deforestation and how that deforestation will affect the climatology, hydrology and ecology of the region.

"Results of Anglo-Brazilian Climate Observation Study (ABRACOS), which sought to improve climate model predictions. Significant 29 chapter contribution provides a technical examination of the multifaceted environmental topics: soils, water storage, pastures, forest canopy, leaf dynamics, biomass, radiation, and carbon dioxide"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Thirty-two papers describe the results from ABRACOS, the Anglo- Brazilian Amazonian Climate Observation Study. The measurements taken in the study are analyzed and then used as the basis of descriptions of the land surface in the Global Circulation Models, which predict the climate effects of large scale deforestation. Results are presented for all scales<-->from leaf and soil moisture measurements to meteorological models which predict the climate of the whole Amazonian Basin. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780471967347
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/19/1996
  • Series: Water Science Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 638
  • Product dimensions: 6.83 (w) x 9.72 (h) x 1.66 (d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
1 An overview of ABRACOS 1
2 Predicting the hydrological impacts of land cover transformation in the humid tropics: the need for integrated research 15
3 Comparisons of long-term soil water storage behaviour under pasture and forest in three areas of Amazonia 57
4 Deep soil water uptake by forest and pasture in central Amazonia: predictions from long-term daily rainfall data using a simple water balance model 79
5 Soil hydraulic properties and van Genuchten parameters for an oxisol under pasture in central Amazonia 101
6 Temperature and moisture profiles in soil beneath forest and pasture areas in eastern Amazonia 125
7 Thermal diffusivity of Amazonian soils 139
8 Observation and modelling of rainfall interception loss in two experimental sites in Amazonian forest 151
9 The isotopic composition of atmospheric water vapour inside a canopy in Amazonian forest: vertical and diurnal variation 163
10 Radiation, temperature and humidity over forest and pasture in Amazonia 175
11 The climate of a riverside city in the Amazon basin: urban-rural differences in temperature and humidity 193
12 In-canopy microclimate of Amazonian forest and estimates of transpiration 207
13 Biomass production and accumulation in nutrient-limited rainforests: implications for responses to global change 221
14 Forest and pasture conductances in southern Para, Amazonia 241
15 Forest and pasture leaf-gas exchange in south-west Amazonia 265
16 An overview of the leaf area index and physiological measurements during ABRACOS 287
17 Carbon dioxide flux over Amazon rainforest in Rondonia 307
18 Soil respiration in a rainforest in Amazonia and in cerrado in central Brazil 319
19 Sources and sinks of CO[subscript 2] in Rondonia tropical rainforest 331
20 Carbon dioxide fluxes over a cerrado sensu stricto in central Brazil
21 Estimation of the leaf area index and total biomass of tropical regenerating forests: comparison of methodologies 365
22 Disturbance and recovery of tropical forests: balancing the carbon account 383
23 Advances in land surface parameterisations for GCMs 399
24 Observations of the atmospheric boundary layer in Rondonia 413
25 Modelling convective boundary layer growth in Rondonia 425
26 Modelling surface conductance for Amazonian pasture and forest 437
27 Calibration and use of the SiB2 model to estimate water vapour and carbon exchange at the ABRACOS forest sites 459
28 Towards a GCM surface parameterisation for Amazonia
29 Calibration of a GCM using ABRACOS and ARME data and simulation of Amazonian deforestation 505
30 Simulation of mesoscale circulations in a deforested area of Rondonia in the dry season 531
31 The simulated impact of Amazonian deforestation on climate using measured ABRACOS vegetation characteristics 549
32 The conclusions from ABRACOS 577
Index 597
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