America and Its Peoples, Single Volume Edition: A Mosaic in the Making / Edition 4

America and Its Peoples, Single Volume Edition: A Mosaic in the Making / Edition 4

by James Kirby Martin, James H. Jones, Steven Mintz, Randy Roberts
     
 

ISBN-10: 0321079108

ISBN-13: 9780321079107

Pub. Date: 08/09/2000

Publisher: Pearson Education

America and Its Peoples, Fourth Edition presents American history in an exciting way, with a spirited narrative, vivid character sketches, and colorful anecdotes. The book highlights the rich ethnic diversity of the American people. Social history-with an emphasis on sports, leisure, and popular culture-is integrated with more traditional coverage of…  See more details below

Overview

America and Its Peoples, Fourth Edition presents American history in an exciting way, with a spirited narrative, vivid character sketches, and colorful anecdotes. The book highlights the rich ethnic diversity of the American people. Social history-with an emphasis on sports, leisure, and popular culture-is integrated with more traditional coverage of military history, politics, and diplomacy.MARKET Appropriate for anyone with an interest in American history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780321079107
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Publication date:
08/09/2000
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
1056
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.87(h) x 0.59(d)

Table of Contents

1. The Peopling And Unpeopling of America.
"A special instrument sent of God".
The First Discovery of America.
A Diversity of Cultures.
The Myth of the "Virgin" Land.
Eastern Indians on the Eve of Contact.
Preparing Europe for Westward Expansion.
Crusades, Commerce, and the New Learning.
Nation-States Support the First Explorations.
Explorers, Conquerors, and the Making of New Spain.
Conquistadores Overrun Native Americans.
Success Breeds Envy and Contempt.
Challengers for North America: France and England.
The Protestant Reformation Stirs Deep Tensions.
England Prepares for Westward Expansion.
Joining in the Invasion of America.
Merchant Capitalists Sponsor the Founding of Virginia.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic:Indian Scalping and European War Dogs.
The People Speak: Powhatan Pleads for Peace and Harmony (1609).

2. Plantations and Cities Upon A Hill, 1620-1700.
"Slaves excepted".
From Settlements to Societies in the South.
To Be Like English Subjects at Home.
A Model for Other Royal Colonies.
Proprietary Maryland and the Carolinas.
Religious Dissenters Colonize New England.
The Rise of Puritan Dissenters at Home.
"Hivings Out" Provoke Bloody Indian Relations.
Families, Individuals, and Communities: Surviving in Early America.
Roles for Men, Women, and Children.
Commercial Values and the Rise of Chattel Slavery.
Stabilizing Life in the Chesapeake Region.
The Beginnings of American Slavery.
Shifting to Slavery in Maryland and Virginia.
The American Mosaic: Childbirth in Early America.
The People Speak: William Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation.

3. Provincial America in Upheaval, 1660-1760.
Two Women.
Designing England's North American Empire.
Proprietary Difficulties in New York and New Jersey.
Planting William Penn's "Holy Experiment".
Defying the Imperial Will: Provincial Convulsions and Rebellions.
Bacon's Bloody Rebellion in Virginia.
New England's Witchcraft Hysteria.
Settling Anglo-American Differences.
Maturing Colonial Societies in Unsettled Times.
Intellectual and Religious Awakening.
International Wars Beset America.
Allies as Enemies: Making War on the Cherokees.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Colonial Pastimes.
The People Speak: Olaudah Equiano on His Ship Passage as a Slave to America.

4. Breaking the Bonds of Empire, 1760-1775.
Samuel Adams: Truly the Man of the Revolution.
Provoking an Imperial Crisis.
A Legacy of War-Related Problems.
Getting Tough with the Americans.
Parliament Endorses Direct Taxes.
"Liberty, Property, and No Stamps".
Resistance Spreads Across the Landscape.
A Second Crisis: The Townshend Duties.
Formulating a New Taxation Scheme.
Mustering Further American Resistance.
The Rupturing of Imperial Relations.
Parliament Adopts the Coercive Acts.
Hurling Back the Challenge: The First Continental Congress.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Those Hated Customs Informers.
The People Speak: Dr. Joseph Warren's Boston Massacre Oration (1772).

5. The Times That Tried Many Souls, 1775-1783.
Joseph Plumb Martin: A Continental Soldier's Forlorn Existence.
Reconciliation or Independence.
Moderates Versus Radicals in Congress.
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation of Emancipation.
Resolving the Independence Question.
Without Visible Allies: The War in the North.
Britain's Massive Military Buildup.
Rescuing the Patriots: Toward Global Conflict.
Capturing Burgoyne's Army at Saratoga.
The World Turned Upside Down.
Franco-American Triumph at Yorktown.
A Most Generous Peace Settlement.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Battle of Bunker Hill.
The People Speak: Thomas Paine's American Crisis I (December 1776).
Map Essay: Lexington and Concord: The Shot Heard 'Round the World.

6. Securing the Republic and its ideals, 1776-1789.

Nancy Shippen and Phillis Wheatley: Searching for Personal Freedom in Revolutionary Times.
Establishing New Republican Governments.
People Victorious: The New State Governments.
Crises of the Confederation.
Threatened Military Coup: The Newburgh Conspiracy.
Human Rights and Social Change.
The Propertyless Poor and the West.
Women Appeal for Fundamental Liberties.
Second New Beginning, New National Government.
A Document Constructed by Compromises.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Birth Control in the Early Republic.
The People Speak: Abigail and John Adams, Letters.

7. The Formative Decade, 1790-1800.
An "Outrageous and Wretched Scandalmonger".
The Roots of American Economic Growth.
Implementing the Constitution.
Establishing the Machinery of Government.
Alexander Hamilton's Financial Program.
The Birth of Political Parties.
World Events and Political Polarization.
A New President and New Challenges.
The Revolution of 1800.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Yellow Fever in Philadelphia: Pills and Politics.
The People Speak: Gabriel's Revolt.

8. The Jeffersonians in Power, 1800-1815.
"A Dangerous Man".
Jefferson Takes Command.
Jefferson's Goal: To Restore Republican Government.
Reforming the Federal Government.
The American Eagle Challenges the French Tiger and the British Shark
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Shawnee Prophet Tenskwatawa and His Warrior Brother Tecumseh.
The People Speak: Religion in the Early Republic.

9. Nationalism, Economic Growth, and the Roots of Sectional Conflict, 1815-1824.
No Smoking, Drinking, or Swearing.
The Growth of American Nationalism.
Defending American Interests in Foreign Affairs.
The Growth of the American Economy.
Resistance to Technological Innovation.
The Growth of Political Factionalism and Sectionalism.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Denmark Vesey and the Slave Conspiracy of 1822.
The People Speak: Growing Up Female in the Early Republic.

10. Power and Politics in Jackson's America.
The "People's" Candidate.
Political Democratization.
The Rebirth of Parties.
The Presidency of John Quincy Adams.
The "American System" and the "Tariff of Abominations".
Andrew Jackson: The Politics of Egalitarianism.
Expanding the Powers of the Presidency.
Sectional Disputes over Public Lands and Nullification.
Rise of a Political Opposition.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Cholera Epidemic of 1832: Sinners and Saints.
The People Speak: The Cherokee Nation Protests Against Jackson's Removal Policy (1836).

11. America's First Age of Reform.
"Ar'nt I a Woman?"
Sources of the Reform Impulse.
Moral Reform.
Social Reform.
The Problem of Crime in a Free Society.
Radical Reform.
The Rise of Abolitionist Sentiment in the North.
Abolitionist Arguments and Public Reaction.
Division Within the Antislavery Movement.
Artistic and Cultural Ferment.
American Transcendentalism.
A Literary Renaissance.
Ethnic Voices.
American Art.
American Popular Culture.
The Popular Novel.
Forms of Popular Entertainment.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Gouging Fights and Backcountry Honor.
The People Speak: Women's Rights: Seneca Falls Declaration and Resolutions (1848).

12. The Divided North, the Divided South.
Eli Whitney's Flawed Legacy.
A Divided Culture.
The Emergence of a New Industrial Order in the North.
The Transformation of the Rural Countryside.
The Disruption of the Artisan System of Labor.
The Introduction of the Factory System.
The Movement for a Ten-hour Day.
Southern Distinctiveness.
The Old South: Images and Realities.
Impact of Slavery on the Southern Economy.
Growth of a Distinctive Southern Identity.
The Decline of Antislavery Sentiment in the South.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Policing the Pre-Civil War City.
The People Speak: Slave Resistance.

13. Cultures Collide in the Far West.
"Vampires in the Guise of Men".
The Hispanic and Native American West.
Spanish America.
The Surge Westward.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty.
Oregon.
The Mormon Frontier.
War with Mexico.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Tejanos at the Alamo.
The People Speak: Mexican Americans Defend Their Land and Rights (1859).

14. The House Divided.
The Slave Power Conspiracy.
The Crisis of 1850.
Disintegration of the Party System.
The Gathering Storm.
"Bleeding Kansas" and "Bleeding Sumner".
The Lecompton Constitution: "A Swindle and a Fraud".
Crisis of the Union.
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
Harpers Ferry.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Physicians and Planters, Prescription for Slave Medical Care.
The People Speak: John Brown Defends His Raid on Harpers Ferry (1859).

15. A Nation Shattered by Civil War, 1860-1865.
Thomas Rush and Alvin Flint, Jr.: Casualties at Antietam.
From Secession to Full-scale War.
"Forward to Richmond!" and "On to Washington!"
Yankee Reverses and Rebel Victories in the East.
To and From Emancipation: The War on the Home Front.
An Abundance of Confederate Shortages.
Issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.
Emancipation Tests Northern Resolve.
Breaking Confederate Resistance, 1863-1865.
The Tide Turns: Gettysburg and Vicksburg.
Crushing Blows from Grant and Sherman.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg.
The People Speak: Frederick Douglass Calls upon African Americans to Take Up Arms Against the Confederacy (1863).
Map Essay: Antietam: "We Will Make Our Stand".

16. The Nation Reconstructed: North, South, and the West, 1865-1877.
"I'd like to see any man put me outer dis house".
Postwar Conditions and Issues.
Presidential Reconstruction.
Congressional Reconstruction.
Reconstruction in the South.
Carpetbaggers, Scalawags, and Black Republicans.
Black and White Economic and Social Adaptation.
Reconstruction in the North and West.
Northern Shifts in Attitudes.
Western Expansion, Racism, and Native Americans.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Day of Jubilo: Slaves Confront Emancipation.
The People Speak: Testimony Against the Klan.

17. Emergence as an Economic Power.
"I want to congratulate you on being the richest man in the world".
America: Land of Plenty.
Mineral and Geographic Possibilities.
Creating a Favorable Climate: The Role of Ideology, Politics, and Finance.
Social Darwinism and the Gospel of Wealth.
Laissez-faire in Theory and Practice.
Corporations and Capital Formation.
The Rise of Big Business.
Controlling Competition.
New Managerial Styles and an Expanding Middle Class.
Mass Marketing, Assembly Lines, and Mass Production.
Western Expansion and Exploitation.
Working in Industrial America.
Unorganized and Organized Labor.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Wild West.
The People Speak: The Gospel of Wealth.

18. The Rise of an Urban Society and City People.
A Hatchet on a Sunny Morning.
The New Immigrants.
Nativism: The Anti-immigrant Reaction.
New Cities and New Problems.
City Culture.
From the Genteel Tradition to Realism and Naturalism.
Entertaining the Multitudes.
"I Can Lick Any Sonofabitch in the House".
From Central Park to Coney Island.
The Magic of the Flickering Image.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: College Football Wars.
The People Speak: How the Other Half Lives.

19. End-of-the-Century Crisis.
"You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold".
Equilibrium and Inertia: The National Political Scene.
Divided Power: The Parties and the Federal Government.
Subtle Differences: The Bases of Party Loyalty.
The Business of Politics: Party Organization.
The Struggle for Inclusion: Women and Politics.
Style over Substance: Government in the Gilded Age, 1877-1892.
Garfield, Arthur, and the Patronage Issue.
Cleveland, the Railroads, and Tariffs.
Legislative Activity on Minority Rights and Social Issues.
Revolt of the West and South.
Depression and Turbulence in the 1890s.
The Roots and Results of the Depression.
The Tide Turns: The Election of 1896.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: "Rise, Brothers!": The Black Response to Jim Crow.
The People Speak: Lynch Law in America.

20. Imperial America, 1870-1900.
Looking Outward.
Congressional Control and the Reduction of American Power.
The Spirit of American Greatness.
The Emergence of Aggression in American Foreign Policy.
Confronting the Germans in Samoa.
The War to Crush Filipino Independence.
Keeping the Doors Open.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders.
The People Speak: March of the Flag.

21. The Progressive Struggle, 1900-1917.
"We object to being called here to meet a criminal".
The Progressive Impulse.
Progressives in Action.
Progressivism Moves to the National Level.
Roosevelt and New Attitudes Toward Government Power.
Progressivism in the International Arena.
Progressive Accomplishments, Progressive Failures.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The White Plague.
The People Speak: An Account of the Proceedings of the Trial of Susan B. Anthony.

22.The United States and World War I.
The Intellectual Hero of World War I.
The Road to War.
American Industry Goes to War.
The American Public Goes to War.
African Americans and the Great Migration.
The War Front.
Social Unrest After the War.
The Treaty of Versailles.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The First Day of the Somme.
The People Speak: Woodrow Wilson, Address to Congress (1917).

23. Modern Times, 1920-1929.
The Woman Rebel.
The Emergence of Modern America.
The Formation of Modern American Culture.
Low-Brow and Middle-Brow Culture.
Xenophobia and Restricting Immigration.
The Republican Restoration.
The Great Crash.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Sexual Revolution of the Early 1900s.
The People Speak: Margaret Sanger, "Happiness in Marriage" (1926).

24. The Age of Roosevelt.
Dust Bowl Balladeer.
The Great Depression in Global Perspective.
The Human Toll.
President Herbert Hoover Responds.
Franklin Roosevelt and the First New Deal.
The National Recovery Administration.
The Second New Deal.
The New Deal, Women, and Minority Groups.
The New Deal in Decline.
Popular Culture During the Great Depression.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Tuskegee Syphilis Study.
The People Speak: Frances Perkins, "Thhe Social Security Act" (1935).

25. The End of Isolation: America Faces the World, 1920-1945.
The "Final Solution to the Jewish Problem".
Diplomacy Between the Wars.
American Diplomacy During the 1920s.
United States Policy Toward Latin America.
The Coming of World War II.
America Mobilizes for War.
Social Changes During the War.
The War in Europe.
The War in the Pacific.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
The People Speak: Alexander Leighton, "That Day at Hiroshima" (1946).
Map Essay: Landings on D-Day: The Longest Day.

26. Waging Peace and War.
On Enemy Ground.
Containing the Russian Bear.
The Marshall Plan: "Saving Western Europe".
The Containment Policy.
The Cold War at Home.
Confronting the Demands of Labor.
The Rise and Fall of Joseph McCarthy.
The Paranoid Style.
"What's Wrong with Our Kids Today?".
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The Kefauver Crime Committee.
The People Speak: NSC-68.

27. Ike's America.
"What else could we do?"
Quiet Changes.
We Shall Overcome.
The Sounds of Change.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: Integration in Sports.

The People Speak: Images and Illusions.

28. Power Shifts: The Emergence of the South and West. The Duke.
The Emergence of the Southern Rim.
From the Long Hot Summer to the Sunbelt.
The Business of the South Is Business.
The Myth and Reality of the West.
The Problems and Benefits of Growth.
Politics Western Style.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: AIDS: A Modern Plague.
The People Speak: The Conscience of a Conservative.

29. Vietnam and the Crisis of Authority.
Uncle Ho.
The Illusion of Greatness.
Vietnam: America's Longest War.
A Small Corner of a Bigger Picture.
The Tortuous Path Toward Peace.
Vietnamization: The Idea and the Process.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: My Lai and the Question of War Ethics.
The People Speak: Bloods.
Map Essay: Logistics in a Guerrilla War: The Longest War.

30. The Struggle For A Just Society.
A Crusader for the Nation's Consumers.
The Struggle for Racial Justice.
Black Nationalism and Black Power.
The Civil Rights Movement Moves North.
The Youth Revolt.
The Making and Unmaking of a Counterculture.
Liberation Movements.
The Supreme Court and Sex Discrimination.
Impact of the Women's Liberation Movement.
The Native American Power Movement.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: C~esar Chavez and La Causa.
The People Speak: Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham City Jail.

31. America in Our Time.
"Dirty Tricks".
Crisis of Political Leadership.
Restraining the Imperial Presidency.
Wrenching Economic Transformations.
Foreign Competition and Deindustrialization.
A New American Role in the World.
The Reagan Revolution.
A Remarkable Ideological Turnaround.
The Reagan Revolution in Perspective.
The Bush Presidency.
The Clinton Presidency.
Conclusion.
Chronology of Key Events.
Review Questions.
Key Terms.
Suggestions for Further Reading.
Internet Resources.
The American Mosaic: The End of Two Eras.
The People Speak: The Starr Report and the White House Rebuttal.
Map Essay: The First Crisis of the Post-Cold War Era: The Persian Gulf War.

Appendix.
The Constitution of the United States of America.
Vice Presidents and Cabinet Members by Administration.

Glossary.

Credits.

Index.

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