Analyzing presidential voting patterns to identify behavior and trends has long been a staple of political research. This two-volume update by McGillivray and Scammon of their out-of-print America at the Polls: 1920-1964 (Congressional Quarterly, 1988) provides uniform and easily accessible data based on state and, most significantly, county presidential returns from all elections since 1920. In identical format, Volume 1 covers elections from 1920 to 1956 and Volume 2, those from 1960 through 1992. A one-page summary allotted to each election provides basic information by state electoral votes, total votes, vote by party, votes for major independent candidates (e.g., Perot in 1992 and Wallace in 1968), and votes received by minor candidates. Additional useful information is the plurality and the percentage of votes garnered by each party and the number of votes cast for candidates of major and all minor parties. The most significant section analyzes county voting records using the same format as the state section. The 1990 population figure is given for each county, followed by the total and major-party votes received. Notes mention the votes received by minor candidates. The final section presents the votes cast in all primaries. This set provides consistently arranged data derived from electoral results and a convenient resource of county voting records. Less expensive Congressional Quarterly publications (e.g., Presidential Elections Since 1789) do not include county voting records, and Scammon's America Votes (Congressional Quarterly, 1992) provides county results only for the current election. Recommended for large public, academic, and specialized reference collections.-Karl Helicher, Upper Merion Twp. Lib., King of Prussia, Pa.
A reference for students of American politics that tracks presidential results for 19 presidential elections from 1920 through 1992. Volume 1 (058-9) covers the election of President Harding in 1920 through the election of President Eisenhower in 1956. Volume 2 spans the elections of Presidents Kennedy through Clinton, 1960 through 1992. Each volume follows the same format: a front section containing national summary tables of the state-by-state vote and electoral college vote for each of the elections; a chapter for each state beginning with a summary page that sets out the statewide vote and electoral college vote in the state; a county outline map; and the county-by-county details of each election. Each decennial census is carried with the appropriate voting data tables. The final section details the presidential preference primary vote by state and by candidate for each election year covered. The election returns for the 1920 to 1964 presidential contests were originally published in 1965 by the U. of Pittsburgh Press. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)