America Views the Holocaust, 1933-1945: A Brief Documentary History / Edition 1

America Views the Holocaust, 1933-1945: A Brief Documentary History / Edition 1

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by Robert H. Abzug, Abzug
     
 

What and when did the United States government and Americans know about Hitler's gruesome Final Solution? Why was there no intervention? Wrapping historical narrative around primary sources, Abzug chronicles the events in Nazi Germany while tracing the resurgence of anti-Semitism and tightening immigration policies in the United States. Sixty contemporary journalistic… See more details below

Overview

What and when did the United States government and Americans know about Hitler's gruesome Final Solution? Why was there no intervention? Wrapping historical narrative around primary sources, Abzug chronicles the events in Nazi Germany while tracing the resurgence of anti-Semitism and tightening immigration policies in the United States. Sixty contemporary journalistic sources - including news clippings, speeches, letters, magazine articles, and government reports - provide students with a context for understanding Americans' horror when they realized that the reports and stories of the Holocaust were not exaggerations or fabrications. An epilogue examines the complexity of historical interpretations and moral judgments that have evolved since 1945.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312133931
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
01/01/1999
Series:
Bedford Cultural Editions Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
236
Product dimensions:
5.62(w) x 8.25(h) x 0.45(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Introduction: Facing the Horrors1
Pt. 1The First Years of the Nazi Regime, 1933-19355
American Jewish Committee, from The Jews in Nazi Germany, 19338
The Official Decrees and Measures against the Jews9
Execution of Decrees11
The Effect of the Anti-Jewish Measures14
Acts of Violence against Jews Since Hitler Became Chancellor16
Letters of the American Friends Service Committee24
Clarence E. Pickett, Letter to J.S. Conning, May 5, 193225
Richard L. Cary, Letter to Clarence E. Pickett, June 28, 193226
Clarence E. Pickett, Letter to Gilbert L. MacMaster, March 30 (typed April 3), 193327
Richard L. Cary, Letter to Clarence E. Pickett, July 23, 193329
The Anti-Nazi Boycott33
G.E. Harriman, Anti-Nazi Boycott Circular Letter, 193334
Jewish Labor Committee, Anti-Nazi Poster, 193435
Mainstream Views36
Robert E. Asher, "A Jew Protests against Protesters," Christian Century, April 12, 193336
"Mass Meeting Protests Hitler's Anti-Jewish Program," Christian Century, April 26, 193341
Walter Lippmann, "Hitler's Speech," Los Angeles Times, May 19, 193342
Personal American Press Reports from Hitler's Germany45
"Editor Holds Riots Inspired by Nazis," New York Times,July 26, 193545
Reverend L. M. Birkhead, "Nazis Ask World to Combat Jews," New York Times, July 28, 193547
Pt. 2Exclusion, Emigration, and War, 1935-194151
"Germany: Hitler Decrees Swastika Reich Flag: Bars Intermarriage; Relegates Jews to Dark Ages," Newsweek, September 21, 193555
"Germany: Jews Begin to Feel a Soft Spot in the Iron Heel," Newsweek, September 28, 193559
Participation in the 1936 Berlin Olympics: Jews, African Americans, and Others60
"Statement of Non-Jewish Advocates of Boycott," New York Times, October 25, 193561
Ernest Lee Jahncke, Letter to Count Henri Baillet-Latour, November 25, 193563
"NAACP Asks AAU to Abandon Olympics," Pittsburgh Courier, December 14, 193567
"The Black Eagles," Pittsburgh Courier, July 11, 193669
Refugees, Kristallnacht, and Coughlin70
"Refugees," Time, July 18, 193871
Louis Lochner, Letter to Betty and Bobby, November 28, 193872
Henry Morgenthau, Diary Entry, November 16, 193874
Exchange between Raymond Geist and George Messersmith, December 5 and 20, 193875
Father Coughlin, from Am I an Anti-Semite? December 11, 193877
"Topics of the Times: Refugee Ship," New York Times, June 8, 193983
An Atlantic Monthly Symposium on Jews85
Albert Jay Nock, from "The Jewish Problem in America," Atlantic Monthly, June and July 194186
James Marshall, from "The Anti-Semitic Problem in America," Atlantic Monthly, August 194192
Frances Strauss, "The Intermarriage," Atlantic Monthly, September 194195
The Lindbergh Controversy99
"F.D.R. Creating War Incidents, Lindbergh Says," Chicago Daily Tribune, September 11, 194199
"Lindbergh's Nazi Pattern," New Republic, September 22, 1941103
"The Forbidden Theme," Christian Century, September 24, 1941105
Pt. 3Imagining the Unimaginable, 1942-1945109
The Nazi War against the Jews109
American Knowledge and Comprehension111
"Wandering Jews," Time, December 15, 1941112
Michael Williams, "Views and Reviews," Commonweal, December 26, 1941114
Reinhold Niebuhr, "Jews after the War," Nation, February 21 and 28, 1942116
Varian Fry, "The Massacre of the Jews," New Republic, December 21, 1942126
Henry Morgenthau, Diary Entry, December 3, 1942134
Charles Clayton Morrison, "Horror Stories from Poland," Christian Century, December 9, 1942136
Charles Clayton Morrison, "Polish Atrocities Are Entered in the Books," Christian Century, December 30, 1942137
Tosha Bialer, "Behind the Wall (Life - and Death - in Warsaw's Ghetto)," Collier's, February 20 and 27, 1943138
Ben Hecht, "Remember Us," Reader's Digest, February 1943146
Examples of Anti-Semitic Doggerel149
Freda Kirchwey, "While the Jews Die," Nation, March 13, 1943152
From Minutes of the American Delegation at the Bermuda Conference, April 20, 1943156
Freda Kirchwey, "A Program of Inaction," Nation, June 5, 1943160
Bill Downs, "Blood at Babii Yar - Kiev's Atrocity Story," Newsweek, December 6, 1943162
Alfred Kazin, "In Every Voice, in Every Ban," New Republic, January 10, 1944164
Fred Eastman, "A Reply to Screamers," Christian Century, February 16, 1944170
From Final Summary Report of the Executive Director, War Refugee Board, September 15, 1945174
Extermination Camps Revealed179
Richard Lauterbach, "Murder, Inc.," Time, September 11, 1944179
"Biggest Atrocity Story Breaks in Poland," Christian Century, September 13, 1944182
Jan Karski, "Polish Death Camp," Collier's, October 14, 1944183
Views of the Liberations191
J.D. Pletcher, The Americans Have Come - At Last! 1945194
Edward R. Murrow, Broadcast Transcript from Buchenwald, April 15, 1945198
James Agee, from Agee on Film, May 19, 1945202
"Gazing into the Pit," Christian Century, May 9, 1945204
Epilogue: The Changing Historical Perspective207
AppChronology of Events Related to the Holocaust (1933-1945)214
App: Questions for Consideration218
App: Selected Bibliography219
Index225

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