American Archaeology Uncovers the Earliest English Colonies

Overview

In Cities and Towns across the United States and Canada, historical archaeologists dig for clues about what happened in North America after Europeans arrived.

The people who settled here did not usually leave behind documents such as diaries, letters, maps, and land deeds. They did leave garbage-food bones, tools, broken dishes, buttons, bottles, toys, and gun parts. Archaeologists dig through time as they carefully scrape away soil, layer by layer, to uncover objects used by ...

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Overview

In Cities and Towns across the United States and Canada, historical archaeologists dig for clues about what happened in North America after Europeans arrived.

The people who settled here did not usually leave behind documents such as diaries, letters, maps, and land deeds. They did leave garbage-food bones, tools, broken dishes, buttons, bottles, toys, and gun parts. Archaeologists dig through time as they carefully scrape away soil, layer by layer, to uncover objects used by people long ago. By examing. These artifacts, we are able to discover the stories of Dutch, English, African, Spanish-even Viking-settlers in North America.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Hazel Buys
Evidence of early English settlements is found in New England, Virginia and California. How to sort out the earliest? The historical archaeologist specializes in looking at clues and piecing together answers to such questions. These clues are discovered through excavation and examination of old settlements using a method called stratigraphy. This means to carefully examine separate layers of soil. Field scientists have discovered the earliest English settlement on North American soil was, in fact, little more than a camp, constructed by Sir Francis Drake on the California coast in 1559. Analysis of broken objects and other items found in the garbage areas of old settlements reveal much about the everyday life of the people who lived there, including when the settlement was founded. But some answers remain elusive. Dedicated research and exploration of the presumed site on Roanoke Island, N.C., has failed to explain what happed to the Lost Colony, which vanished sometime just before August 18, 1590. Similarly, dedicated work has recalled to us the failed attempt to establish the Popham colony in Maine, in August 1607. Historical archaeology tells us that the earliest surviving English settlement is Jamestown, Virginia, founded in May 1607. Concluding information includes a time line, a glossary, a list of books, websites and DVDs offering further information, a bibliography and an index. This book is one in the "American Archaeology" series and would be a good resource in a middle school classroom or any library. Reviewer: Hazel Buys
School Library Journal
Gr 3–6—Huey enthusiastically brings these five different eras to life through artifacts and field research. Each volume begins with an identical introduction that defines "historical archaeology" and explains its value in terms simple enough for lower-elementary readers to comprehend, yet detailed enough for older children to enjoy, an approach followed in the remaining chapters. The author presents better-known archaeological mysteries, such as that of the Lost Colony of Roanoake, as well as more obscure ones, such as the escaped-slave community at Fort Mose in Florida. The visually pleasing books are replete with maps, paintings, and photographs, all appropriately placed and thoughtfully captioned. Occasionally, the author's descriptions of field sites become overly complex and hard to follow, but do not heavily detract from the work. Different from Trevor Barnes's Archaeology (Kingfisher, 2004), which is a survey of the field across the globe, Huey's focus on American history, which is broken down into small, manageable chunks, is sure to entice budding historians. Classroom teachers will find their students begging for a field trip to one of these sites.—Rebecca Dash, New York Public Library
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780761442646
  • Publisher: Cavendish, Marshall Corporation
  • Publication date: 9/1/2009
  • Series: American Archaeology Series
  • Pages: 64
  • Age range: 9 - 12 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.70 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Table of Contents

What is Historical Archaeology? 4

Introduction The Earliest English Colonies 8

1 The Lost Colony 1585-1590 12

2 The Popham Colony, 1607 22

3 Jamestown The First Successfull English Colony 36

4 What Archaeologists Found Out 54

Time Line 57

Glossary 58

Further Information 59

Bibliography 60

Index 62

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