Since it was first published in 1982, The American Community College has become the primary resource that faculty, administrators, trustees, and researchers look to for a comprehensive analysis of the most recent findings and up-to-date information on the American community college. Throughout this important book, Arthur M. Cohen and Florence B. Brawer describe how community colleges fit into the American educational system, the services they provide, and the effects they have on the community. This completely revised and updated edition contains information about recent changes in the community college landscape, including consolidation of faculty power, mandatory testing and placement of students, the greater prominence of developmental education, and the attention given to state-level directives regarding institutional functioning and funding. The authors also present the current information on a number of other topics, including student flow, instruction, student services, and curricular functions. In addition, The American Community College includes updated tables and graphs that reflect the most current data and incorporate new examples of the services that colleges provide. The American Community College is a comprehensive book that will be useful to anyone concerned with the role and purpose of two-year institutions in American higher education. The descriptions and analyses of each of the institution's functions can be used by administrators who want to learn about practices that have proven successful at other colleges, curriculum planners involved in program revisions, faculty members seeking ideas for modifying their courses, trustees and officials concerned with college policies regarding curriculum and student services, and graduate students preparing for careers in these institutions.
An analysis of the history, role, and changing function of the community college. This new edition (first, 1981) examines changes within the last decade, delineating enrollment trends, hiring practices and faculty issues, instructional methods and technologies, and educational needs and programs. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Arthur M. Cohen is professor emeritus of higher education atUCLA, editor-in-chief of New Directions for Community Colleges, and the author of numerous books and articles on community colleges.
Florence B. Brawer is former research director of the Center for the Study of Community Colleges and associate editor of New Directions for Community Colleges. Cohen and Brawer together wrote several books on community colleges, including five previous editions of The American Community College.
Carrie B. Kisker is an education research and policy consultant and a director of the Center for the Study of Community Colleges. She is the former managing editor of New Directions for Community Colleges. Cohen and Kisker are the coauthors of The Shaping of American Higher Education, Second Edition.
Foreword to the First Edition John Lombardi vii
The Authors xxv
Background: Evolving Priorities and Expectations of the Community College 1
Students: Diverse Backgrounds, Purposes, and Outcomes 43
Faculty: Building a Professional Identity 81
Organization, Governance, and Administration: Managing the Contemporary College 113
Finances: Sustaining and Allocating Resources 157
Instruction: Methods, Media, and Effects 183
Student Services: Supporting Educational Objectives 219
Vocational Education: Occupational Entry, Change, and Development 245
Developmental Education: Enhancing Literacy and Basic Skills 281
Community Education: Extending College Services and Training 313
Collegiate Function: Transfer and the Liberal Arts 345
Scholarship and Assessment: Research in and About the Colleges 381
The Social Role: A Response to the Critics 417
Toward the Future: Trends, Challenges, and Obligations 447
Name Index 539
Subject Index 547