American Constitutional Law / Edition 2by Otis H. Stephens, John M. Scheb, John M. Scheb, John M. II Scheb
Pub. Date: 10/28/1998
More than a casebook, this comprehensive text contains thirteen chapters that cover the entire range of topics in constitutional law. Each of the chapters includes an extended essay providing the legal, historical, political, and cultural contexts for the set of edited decisions from the United States Supreme Court that follows. In selecting, editing, and updating the materials, the authors emphasize recent trends in major areas of constitutional interpretation. At the same time, the authors include many landmark decisions, some of which retain importance as precedents while others illustrate the transient nature of constitutional interpretation. Because the book provides a good balance of decisions and authorial commentary, this text appeals to instructors of law as well as instructors of political science.
Table of ContentsPART I: SOURCES OF POWER AND RESTRAINT. 1. THE SUPREME COURT IN THE CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM. Introduction. The Courts: Crucibles of Constitutional Law. Crossing the Threshold: Access to Constitutional Review. The Supreme Court's Decision-Making Process. The Development of Judicial Review. The Art of Constitutional Interpretation. Judicial Activism and Restraint. Constraints on Judicial Power. Explaining the Court's Behavior. Conclusion. Marbury v. Madison (1803). Eakin v. Raub (1826). Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857). E parte McCardle (1869). Cooper v. Aaron (1957). Baker v. Carr (1962). Nixon v. United States (1993). Raines v. Byrd (1997) 2. CONGRESS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL POWER. Introduction. Structural Aspects of Congress. Constitutional Sources of Congressional Power. The Power to Investigate. Regulation and Interstate Commerce. Taxing and Spending Powers. Congressional Enforcement of Civil Rights and Liberties. Conclusion. U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995). M'Culloch v. Maryland (1819). Watkins v. United States (1957). Barenblatt v. United States (1959). Gibbons v. Ogden (1824). Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918). Carter v. Carter Coal Company (1936). National Labor relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937). United States v. Darby (1941). Heart of Atlanta v. United States (1964). Katzenback v. McClung (1964). United States v. Lopez (1995). United States v. Butler (1936). Steward Machine Co. v. Davis (1937). South Dakota v. Dole (1987). South Carolina v. Katenbach (1966). City of Boerne v. Flores (1997). 3. THE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENCY. Introduction. Structural Aspects of the Presidency. Theories of Presidential Power. The Veto Power. The Power ofImpoundment. Appointment and Removal Powers. The Power to Grant Pardons. Executive Privilege. Presidential Immunity. Foreign Policy and International Relations. War Powers. Conclusion. Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952). Wiener v. United States (1958). United States v. Nixon (1974). Clinton v. Jones (1997). United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation (1936). The Prie Cases (1863). Dams and Moore v. Regan (1981). 4. THE CONSTITUTION AND THE MODERN ADMINISTRATIVE STATE. Introduction. The Delegation of Legislative Power. Congressional Control of Administrative Actions. Judicial Oversight of the Bureaucracy. Agency Actions and Individual Rights. Conclusion. J.W. Hampton v. United States (1928). Schechter Poultry v. United States (1935). Mistretta v. United States (1989). Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983). Mathews v. Eldridge (1976). Dow Chemical Co. v. United States (1986). 5. THE DYNAMICS OF "OUR FEDERALISM". Introduction. Development of the Federal System. Contours of Contemporary Federalism. State Power to Regulate Interstate Commerce. State Taxing Power. Interstate Relations. Conclusion. Chisholm v. Georgia (1973). National League of Cities v. Usery (1876). Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985). Printz v. United States (1997). Cooley v. Board of Port Wardens (1852). South Carolina Highway Department v. Barnwell (1938). Southern pacific railroad Company v. Arizona (1945). Philadelphia v. New Jersey (1978). Oregon Waste Systems v. Department of Environmental Quality (1994). PART II: CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES. 6. CONSTITUTIONAL SOURCES OF CIVIL RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES. Introduction. Rights Recognized in the Original Constitution. The Bill of Rights. The Fourteenth Amendment. Nationalization of the Bill of Rights Under the Fourteenth Amendment. Amendments Protecting and Extending Voting Rights. Standards of Judicial Review. The Importance of State Constitutions. Conclusion. DeShaney v. Winnebago Social Services (1989). Barron v. Baltimore (1833). Hurtado v. California (1884). Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company v. Chicago (1897). Palko v. Connecticut (1937). Adamson v. California (1947). Rochin v. California (1952). Duncan v. Louisiana (1968). 7. PROPERTY RIGHTS AND ECONOMIC FREEDOM. Introduction. Evolving Judicial Perspectives. The Contract Clause. The Liberty of Contract Doctrine. Equal Protection and Economic Regulation. Property Rights and the Takings Issue. Property Rights and Free Expression. Conclusion. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819). Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934). The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873). Lochner v. New York (1905). Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923). West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937). Ferguson v. Skrupa (1963). Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff (1984). Dolan v. City of Tigard (1994). 8. FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATION. Introduction. Freedom of Speech. Symbolic Speech and Expressive Conduct. Freedom of the Press. Electronic Media and the First Amendment. Freedom of Assembly. Freedom of Association. Conclusion. Schenck v. United States (1919). Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969). Cohen v. California (1971). Texas v. Johnson (1989). Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. (1991). Near v. Minnesota (1931). New York Times v. United States (1971). Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976). New York Times v. Sullivan (1964). Miller v. California (1973). Federal Communications Commission v. Pacifica Foundation (1978). American Civil Liberties Union v. Reno (1997). Edwards v. South Carolina (1963). Adderley v. Florida (1966). Roberts v. Jaycees (1984). Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian & Bisexual Group (1995). 9. RELIGIOUS LIBERTY AND CHURCH-STATE RELATIONS. Introduction. What Constitutes Religion?. Free Exercise of Religion. Separation of Church and State. Conclusion. West Virginia v. Yoder (1972). Employment Division v. Smith (1990). Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc. v. City of Hialeah (1993). Rosenberger v. University of Virginia (1995). Everson v. Board of Education (1947). Abington School District v. Schempp (1963). Wallace v. Jaffree 91985). Edwards v. Aguillard (1987). Agostini v. Felton (1997). Marsh v. Chambers (1983). Lynch v. Donnelly (1984). Walz v. Tax Commission (1970). 10. THE CONSTITUTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE. Introduction. Arrest, Search and Seizure. The Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule. Police Interrogation and Confessions of Guilt. The Right to Counsel. Bail and Pretrial Detention. Plea Bargaining. Trial By Jury. Double Jeopardy. Cruel and unusual Punishment. Appeal and Postconvention Relief. Juvenile Justice. Conclusion. Olmstead v. United States (1928). Katx v. United States (1967). Terry v. Ohio (1968). Minnesota v. Dickerson (1993). Weeks v. United States (1914). Mapp v. Ohio (1961). United States v. Leon (1984). Miranda v. Arizona (1966). Nix v. Williams (1984). New York v. Quarles (1984). Powell v. Alabama (1932). Gideon v. Wainwright (1963). Bordenkircher v. Hayes (1978). Batson v. Kentucky (1986). Johnson v. Louisiana (1972). Furman v. Georgia (1972). Gregg v. Georgia (1976). In re Gault (1967). 11. PERSONAL AUTONOMY AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT OF PRIVACY. Introduction. Constitutional Foundations of the Right of Privacy. Procreation and Birth Control. The Abortion Controversy. Other Applications of the Right to Privacy. The Right to Die. Conclusion. Jacobson v. Massachusetts (1905). Meyer v. Nebraska (1923). Buck v. Bell (1927). Poe v. Ullman (1961). Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). Roe v. Wade (1973). Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992). Bowers v. Hardwick (1986). Washington v. Glucksberg. 12. EQUAL PROTECTION AND THE ANTIDISCRIMINATION PRINCIPLE. Introduction. Levels of Judiciary Scrutiny in Equal Protection Cases. Racial Discrimination. Gender-based Discrimination. Other Forms of Discrimination. The Affirmative Action Controversy. The Question of Private Discrimination. Conclusion. The Civil Rights cases (1883). Plessy v. Ferguson (1896). Brown v. Board of Education I (1954). Brown v. Board of Education II (1955). Loving v. Virginia (1967). Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education (1971). Missouri v. Jenkins (1995). Frontiero v. Richardson (1973). United States v. Virginia (1996). Romer v. Evans (1996). Board of Education v. Taxman (1998). 13. ELECTIONS, REPRESENTATION AND VOTING RIGHTS. Introduction. Racial Discrimination in Voting rights. Reapportionment. Political Parties and Electoral Fairness. The Issue of Campaign Finance. Conclusion. Smith v. Allwright (1944). Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960). Mobile v. Bolden (1980). Rogers v. Lodge (1982). Shaw v. Hunt (1996). Reynolds v. Sims (1964). Karcher v. Daggett (1983). Buckley v. Valeo (1974). APPENDICES: A: The Constitution of the United States of America. B: Chronology of Justices of the Supreme Court. C: Supreme Court Justices by Appointing President, State, and Political Party. D: Guide to Researching Constitutional Law. E: Glossary.
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