American Environmental Policy, 1990-2006: Beyond Gridlock

American Environmental Policy, 1990-2006: Beyond Gridlock

by Christopher McGrory Klyza, David J. Sousa
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262612208

ISBN-13: 9780262612203

Pub. Date: 01/31/2008

Publisher: MIT Press

The "golden era" of American environmental lawmaking, between 1964 and
1980, saw twenty-two pieces of major environmental legislation (including the Clean Air Act, the
Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act) passed by bipartisan majorities in Congress and signed into law by presidents of both parties. But since then environmental issues have divided

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Overview

The "golden era" of American environmental lawmaking, between 1964 and
1980, saw twenty-two pieces of major environmental legislation (including the Clean Air Act, the
Clean Water Act, and the Endangered Species Act) passed by bipartisan majorities in Congress and signed into law by presidents of both parties. But since then environmental issues have divided the parties and engendered bitter interest-group politics, with most new proposals blocked by legislative gridlock. In this book, Christopher McGrory Klyza and David Sousa argue that this longstanding legislative stalemate at the national level has forced environmental policymaking onto other pathways, both inside and outside government. Despite the congressional impasse, they write,
environmental policymaking today is vibrant and complex--although the results fall short of what is needed in the years ahead. Klyza and Sousa identify and analyze five alternative policy paths, which they illustrate with case studies: "appropriations politics" in Congress; executive authority, including the rulemaking process; the role of the courts, whose role in environmental policymaking has grown in the era of legislative gridlock; "next-generation" collaborative experiments (which, the authors argue, should be seen as an important approach but not a panacea);
and policymaking at the state level. Their comprehensive analysis of the state of environmental policymaking since 1990 shows that although legislative gridlock is unlikely to dissipate anytime soon, the nation continues to move in the direction favored by environmentalists, largely because of the policy legacies of the 1960s and 1970s that have created an enduring "green state"
rooted in statutes, bureaucratic routines, and public expectations. Christopher McGrory Klyza is
Robert '35 and Helen '38 Stafford Professor of Public Policy and Professor of Political Science and
Environmental Studies at Middlebury College. David Sousa is Professor in the Department of Politics and Government at the University of Puget Sound.

The MIT Press

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262612203
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
01/31/2008
Series:
American and Comparative Environmental Policy
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
408
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.81(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents


Series Foreword     ix
Preface     xiii
Acknowledgments     xv
Environmental Policy Beyond Gridlock     1
Creating the Current Institutional Landscape of Environmental Policymaking     19
Regulatory Reform, Reconciliation, and Rough Riders: Environmental Policymaking in Congress     47
National Monuments, Roadless Forests, and Aging Electric Utilities: Executive Policymaking through Statutory Discretion and Rulemaking     99
From "Who Has Standing?" to "Who Is Left Standing?": The Courts and Environmental Pohcymakmg in the Era of Gridlock     153
The Collaborative Pathway in Environmental-Policymaking     195
The States and Environmental Policy: Junior Partner, Next Generation Innovator, Passionate Advocate, or All of the Above?     247
Gridlock, Green Drift, and the Future of Environmental Politics     287
Notes     311
Selected References     367
Index     381

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