American Foreign Policy: Pattern and Process / Edition 6

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Now in its Seventh Edition, AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY has been thoroughly revised and updated to include several completely new sections, reflecting the most recent developments and scholarship related to American foreign policy. This Seventh Edition provides considerable attention to how the Bush administration sought to reshape national strategy, policies and structures; its domestic and international actions taken in the name of national security, and the immediate as well as possible long-term consequences of these developments. As in past editions, the Seventh Edition retains the book's proven and pedagogically valuable analytical framework. Harnessing the conceptual, theoretical, and historical components that facilitate an analysis of American foreign policy, this text maintains five sources-international, societal, governmental, role, and individual-that collectively influence decisions about foreign policy goals, and the means chosen to realize them. Offering readers extraordinary breadth, thoughtful discussion, and in-depth of coverage of past, present, and future American foreign policy, AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY will equip readers with a solid and well-informed understanding of the full range of domestic and global sources of influence that will challenge American foreign policy-makers in the twenty-first century.

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Editorial Reviews

This new edition of a textbook for undergraduate students relies on an analytical framework for understanding foreign policy that stresses five foreign policy forces the collectively influence foreign policy decisions. Separate sections devoted to the external environment, the societal environment, the governmental setting, policy maker roles, and individual characteristics of policy elites explore these influences, while introductory and concluding chapters attempt to integrate them in understandings of the history and future directions of American foreign policy. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
From the Publisher
"AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY is very thorough and skillfully written….I can easily see why it is so successful. Few texts are as comprehensive, up to date in their citations of relevant research, and written with such clarity."

"This text is clearly written, well organized and comprehensive….It is a fine book and works well as a free-standing text for intermediate courses in American foreign policy."

"The book does an excellent job from the origins of the U. S. to the Cold War….and of illustrating the varied and interactive 'inputs' in the U. S. foreign policy process."

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780534600488
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 7/28/2002
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 672
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Eugene R. Wittkopf was the R. Downs Poindexter Professor Emeritus at Louisiana State University (LSU). He also held appointments at the University of Florida and the University of North Carolina. He received his doctorate from The Maxwell School of Citizenship & Public Affairs at Syracuse University. He published more than thirty books on international politics and foreign policy and several dozen refereed articles in professional journals and chapters in books. He held offices in professional associations and served on the editorial boards of numerous profession journals. In 2002 he received the Distinguished Scholar Award of the Foreign Policy Section of the International Studies Association. Earlier, Professor Wittkopf was named the 1996 Distinguished Research Master of Arts, Humanities, and Social Studies at Louisiana State University. This is the highest award given by the LSU in recognition of faculty contributions to research and scholarship.

Christopher M. Jones is associate professor and chair within the Department of Political Science at Northern Illinois University (NIU). He has also served as assistant chair and director of undergraduate studies. He received his doctorate from The Maxwell School of Citizenship & Public Affairs at Syracuse University, where he received university-wide awards in research and teaching. He has published more than twenty journal articles and book chapters related to American foreign and defense policy, and co-edited The Future of American Foreign Policy (1999) with Eugene R. Wittkopf. Professor Jones has been recognized for teaching excellence by student organizations, the American Political Science Association, The National Political Science Honor Society, Who's Who among America's Teachers, and three universities. In 2002 he became the youngest recipient of Northern Illinois University's Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching Award, the institution's longest-standing faculty honor. Professor Jones currently serves as vice-president (and president elect) of the Foreign Policy Analysis Section of the International Studies Association.

Charles W. Kegley, Jr., is Corporate Secretary on the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and a Moynihan Faculty Research Associate in the Moynihan Institute of Global Affairs at Syracuse University. He has held appointments at Georgetown University, the University of Texas, Rutgers University, the People's University of China, and the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva. He received his doctorate from The Maxwell School of Citizenship & Public Affairs at Syracuse University. He has written and edited more than forty-five books and over one hundred journal articles and book chapters. He is past president of the International Studies Association (ISA) and a recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award of ISA's Foreign Policy Section. Professor Kegley is also Distinguished Pearce Professor of International Relations Emeritus at the University of South Carolina.

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Table of Contents

Focus Boxes, Maps, Illustrations, and Tables XXVII
Preface XXXI
About the Authors XXXVII
I Analytical and Thematic Perspectives on American Foreign Policy 1
1 In Search of American Foreign Policy: A Thematic Introduction 3
2 Pattern and Process in American Foreign Policy: An Analytical Perspective 14
II Patterns of American Foreign Policy 23
3 Principle, Power, and Pragmatism: The Goals of American Foreign Policy in Historical Perspective 25
4 Instruments of Global Influence: Military Might and Interventionism 73
5 Instruments of Global Influence: Covert Activities, Foreign Aid, Sanctions, and Public Diplomacy 109
III External Sources of American Foreign Policy 147
6 Principle and Power in a New Century: The International Political System in Transition 149
7 The World Political Economy in Transition: Opportunities and Contraints in a Globalizing World Political Economy 199
IV Societal Sources of American Foreign Policy 239
8 Americans' Values, Beliefs, and Preferences: Political Culture and Public Opinion in Foreign Policy 241
9 The Transmissions of Values, Beliefs, and Preferences: Interest Groups, Mass Media, and Presidential Elections 278
V Governmental Sources of American Foreign Policy 319
10 Presidential Leadership in Foreign Policy Making 321
11 The Foreign Policy Bureaucracy and Foreign Policy Making 359
12 Congress and Foreign Policy Making 403
VI Role Sources of American Foreign Policy 445
13 The Process of Decision Making: Roles, Rationality, and the Impact of Bureaucratic Organization 447
VII Individuals as Sources of American Foreign Policy 483
14 Leader Characteristics and Foreign Policy Performance 485
VIII Pattern and Process in American Foreign Policy 515
15 At the Dawn of a New Millenium: The Future of American Foreign Policy 517
References 547
Glossary 599
Index 611
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