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This collection of primary source documents is intended as a supplement to a U.S. Foreign Policy course that covers the 20th Century.
Most sources appear in their full length so students can comprehend the entire document. This collection also includes several contemporary, opposing viewpoints, offering students an opportunity to consider different points of view.
1. The New Imperialism, 1900-1917.
Carl Schurz Opposes Expansion After the Spanish-American War, January 1899.
Albert Beveridge Supports Imperialism Before the U.S. Senate, January 1900.
The Philippine War, A Suffragist's View.
The Open Door Note to Germany, September 1899.
J.P. Gordy, “The Ethics of the Panama Case.”
TR Responds to His Critics, An Autobiography, 1916.
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, December 6, 1904.
Secretary of State Philander Knox and U.S. Private Investments in China, November 6, 1909.
Taft Defends Dollar Diplomacy, December 3, 1912.
Woodrow Wilson's Address to Congress on the Crisis in Mexico, April 20, 1914.
2. War and Peace, 1914-1920.
President Woodrow Wilson's Appeal for Neutrality, August 19, 1914.
Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan's Note Protesting the Sinking of the Lusitania, May 13, 1915.
The Sussex Pledge, May 4, 1916.
The Zimmermann Note from the German Foreign Secretary, Arthur Zimmermann, to the German Ambassador to Mexico, January 16, 1917.
Do the People Want War? New Republic, March 3, 1917.
President Woodrow Wilson's War Message to Congress, April 2, 1917.
Wilson's Fourteen Points, Delivered to a Joint Session of Congress, January 8, 1918.
President Woodrow Wilson's Statement to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, August 19, 1919.
Senator William Borah's Speech Before the United States Senate in Opposition to the Ratification of The League of Nations, November 19, 1919.
3. The Interwar Period and Preparing for War, 1920-1939.
Five-Power Treaty, February 6, 1922.
Hoover's Disarmament Proposal Delivered to the League of Nations, June 22, 1932.
Letter from Joseph C. Grew, Ambassador to Japan, to Secretary of State Cordell Hull, May 11, 1933.
The Consul General at Berlin (George Messersmith) to the Undersecretary of State, June 26, 1933.
H.C. Engelbrecht and F.C. Hanighen, Merchants of Death, 1934.
The Hirota Government's National Foreign Policies (Reported to Emperor Hirohito, August 15, 1936).
President Franklin Roosevelt's Address Before the Pan-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace, Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 1, 1936.
Neutrality Act of 1937, May 1, 1937.
The London Times Reports Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's Return from Munich, September 30, 1938.
4. U.S. Foreign Policy and World War II.
FDR's Fireside Chat on the Dangers of Nazi Domination of Europe, December 29, 1940.
Charles Lindbergh, We Cannot Win This War for England, May, 1941.
The Atlantic Charter, August 14, 1941.
FDR Responds to the Greer Incident, September 11, 1941.
Memorandum Handed by the Japanese Ambassador (Nomura) to the Secretary of State at 2:20 p.m., December 7, 1941.
Roosevelt's War Message to Congress, December 8, 1941.
The Yalta Conference Accords, February, 1945.
Henry Stimson Explains Why the Bomb Was Necessary.
Was the Bomb Necessary?
5. Origins of the Cold War, 1945-1952.
Truman's Statement on the Fundamentals of American Foreign Policy, October 27, 1945.
Henry Wallace's Madison Square Garden Speech, September 12, 1946.
The Novikov Letter, September 1946.
The Truman Doctrine, March 12, 1947.
Secretary of State George Marshall's Report to the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs, January 8, 1948.
“X” and Containment.
George Kennan, “The Sources of Soviet Conduct.”
Walter Lippmann Responds to <169Mr. X.”
Declaration of the Founding of the Cominform, September 1947.
National Security Council Paper #68, 1950.
Truman's Decision to the Enter the War in Korea, June 1950.
6. New Look: U.S. Foreign Policy in the Age of Eisenhower.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles on the Importance of Indochina, March 29, 1954.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' Strategy of Massive Retaliation, January 12, 1954.
Hans Morgenthau's Response to Dulles.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles Explains Events in Guatemala, June 30, 1954.
E. Howard Hunt Explains Events in Guatemala.
President Eisenhower's Speech on the Suez Crisis and the Soviet Invasion of Hungary, January 5, 1957.
Sputnik and the Space Race, Newsweek, October 14, 1957.
Speech by Dr. Fidel Castro at the U.N. General Assembly, September 26, 1960.
U.S. Response to Castro's Speech, October 14, 1960.
Eisenhower's Farewell Address, January 18, 1961.
7. Kennedy, Johnson, and an American Tragedy, 1961-1968.
Dean Rusk Recalls the Bay of Pigs Incident, April 17, 1961.
E. Howard Hunt Recalls the Bay of Pigs.
President John Kennedy Addresses the Nation on the Cuban Missile Crisis, October 22, 1962.
John Kennedy, “Ich Bin Ein Berliner,” June 1963.
President Lyndon Johnson's Message to Congress on the Tonkin Gulf Incident, August 24, 1964.
President Lyndon Johnson's Speech, “Peace Without Conquest,” at Johns Hopkins University, April 7, 1965.
Senator J. William Fulbright on the Johnson Administration's Foreign Policy in Vietnam, May, 1966.
@AHEADS = “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence.” Martin Luther King, Jr., Opposes the War, April 4, 1967.
Vo Nguyen Giap on Neo-Colonialism and the American War.
Robert McNamara's Memoir of U.S. Involvement in Vietnam.
Mr. McNamara's Other War. A Vietnam Veteran Responds.
8. From Nixon to Carter, 1969-1981.
Richard Nixon on the Vietnamization of the War, November 3, 1969.
George McGovern and the “Cruel Hoax” of Vietnamization, February 1970.
CIA Operating Guidance Cable on Coup Plotting in Chile, October 16, 1970.
Proposed Coup on Chile.
“U.N. Seats Peking and Expels Taipei,”New York Times, October 26, 1971.
Shanghai Communique, February 27, 1972.
Henry Kissinger, Détente, and the Grand Design. Speech Before Senate Foreign Relations Committee, September 1974.
President Jimmy Carter on Human Rights as a Foreign Policy. Commencement Address at the University of Notre Dame, May 22, 1977.
President Jimmy Carter Announces the Camp David Accords, September 18, 1978.
Time's Report of the Iranian Hostage Crisis, November 19, 1979.
9. The Reagan Era, the Gulf War, and the New World Order.
President Ronald Reagan's “Evil Empire” Speech, March 8, 1983.
President Ronald Reagan's “Star Wars” Speech, March 23, 1983.
Senator Christopher Dodd's Opposition to Ronald Reagan's Central American Policy, April 28, 1983.
Pat Buchanan, How the Gulf Crisis Is Rupturing the Right, August, 1990.
Stephen Solarz, The Stakes in the Gulf, January, 1991.
President George Bush, The Challenge of Building Peace: A Renewal of History, 1991.
U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 1996.
China Responds, China Daily March 5, 1997.
Secretary of State Madeline Albright, Commencement Address, Harvard University, June 5, 1997.
President Bill Clinton, “Remarks by the President on Foreign Policy.” San Francisco, February 26. 1999.
President George W. Bush, September 11, 2001 Evening Address to the Nation.