American Foreign Relations Since 1898: A Documentary Reader / Edition 1

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Overview

Bringing together more than 50 primary documents from the period, this volume offers a revealing picture of how Americans have interacted with the wider world since 1898. The documents capture the complexity of the issues at stake and give readers a first-hand look at the personalities, arguments, and events that shaped conflict and cooperation.

Editor Jeremi Suri provides a clear and accessible framework for studying the period with a preliminary essay that introduces the reader to the key issues and debates, informative document headnotes which contextualize the materials, discussion questions, and a bibliography for further study. Discussing US foreign policy not only in terms of leaders and states but also in terms of social movements, cultural ideas, and images, this is a comprehensive examination of a subject which continues to play an important part in US history.

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What People Are Saying

From the Publisher

"In this concise and well-crafted collection, Jeremi Suri captures the extraordinary complexity of America's relations with the wider world across more than a century.  The book will be a 'go-to' resource for students of U.S. foreign relations."
Mark Atwood Lawrence, University of Texas at Austin

"This valuable collection of documents reflects three major trends in scholarly work on U.S. foreign relations today: the stress on sub-state level activities, cultural themes, and the global setting. The documents contain examples in all three areas and enable the reader to come to a deeper understanding of the nation's engagement with the world."
Akira Iriye, Harvard University

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Jeremi Suri is the E. Gordon Fox Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin – Madison. He is the author of Henry Kissinger and the American Century (2007), The Global Revolutions of 1968 (2006), and Power and Protest: Global Revolution and the Rise of Détente (2003).
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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Series Editor's Preface x

Acknowledgments xii

Source Acknowledgments xiii

Introduction 1

Chapter 1 War, Imperialism, Anti-Imperialism 7

1 Secretary of State, John Hay, Open Door Notes, 1899-1900 7

2 President William McKinley, Account of his Decision to Occupy the Philippines, 1898 11

3 The Platt Amendment, 1902 13

4 Jane Addams, Critique of American Militarism, 1902 15

5 President Theodore Roosevelt, "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine, 1904 19

Chapter 2 The Great War and its Aftermath 24

1 George M. Cohan, "Over There," 1917 24

2 President Woodrow Wilson, Fourteen Points Address, 1918 26

3 Senator Robert LaFollette, Opposition to President Wilson's War Message, 1917 32

4 W. E. B. Dubois, Comments on the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles, and the Politics of Race, 1918 36

5 Charles Lindbergh, Account of the First Solo Nonstop Airplane Flight Across the Atlantic Ocean, 1927 40

6 The Kellogg-Briand Pact, 1928 45

Chapter 3 The Great Depression, Fascist Fears, and Social Change in America 51

1 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, First Inaugural Address, 1933 51

2 Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Meeting with Adolf Hitler, 1933 56

3 Father Charles Coughlin, Radio attack on "Internationalism," 1931 62

4 Charles Lindbergh, Speech to an America First Committee Meeting, 1941 66

5 The Atlantic Charter, 1941 69

Chapter 4 The Second World War 72

1 Lawrence T. Kagawa, the Internment of Japanese-Americans, 1942 72

2 President Franklin Roosevelt and Soviet Marshal Josef Stalin at the Tehran Conference, 1943 74

3 Dwight Eisenhower, the Liberation of Nazi Concentration Camps, 1945 78

4 President Harry Truman, Diary Entries on the Potsdam Conference and his Decision to Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan, 1945 80

5 The Atomic Mushroom Cloud Over Nagasaki, 1945 83

Chapter 5 The Early Cold War 85

1 George F. Kennan, "Long Telegram" on the Soviet Union, 1946 85

2 The Truman Doctrine, 1947 90

3 Assistant Secretary of State, Dean Rusk, the "Loss" of China, 1950 93

4 Senator Joseph McCarthy, Speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, 1950 96

5 NSC 68, 1950 98

6 President Dwight Eisenhower, the "Falling Domino" Theory in Indochina, 1954 103

Chapter 6 Rebellions Against the Cold War 106

1 Martin Luther King, Jr., "The Rising Tide of Racial Consciousness," 1960 106

2 "Spy vs. Spy," 1961 111

3 SANE, Public Petition, 1961 112

4 Students for a Democratic Society, Port Huron Statement, 1962 114

5 Women Strike for Peace, "What Every Woman Knows," 1962 122

6 "Dr. Strangelove," 1964 125

7 President Lyndon Johnson, "Peace Without Conquest," 1965 130

8 Phil Ochs, "I ain't marchin' anymore," 1965 136

9 Christian Appy, Oral Histories from the Vietnam War 137

10 My Lai Massacre, 1968 145

Chapter 7 Détente, Human Rights, and the Continuation of the Cold War 147

1 President Richard Nixon, "Opening" to China, 1972 147

2 Agreement on Basic Principles between the United States and the Soviet Union, 1972 156

3 American Complicity in Chilean Repression, 1973 159

4 The Helsinki Final Act, 1975 163

5 President Jimmy Carter, Address at the University of Notre Dame, 1977 169

6 President Ronald Reagan, "Evil Empire" Speech, 1983 174

Chapter 8 The End of the Cold War 179

1 President Ronald Reagan, Speech and Question-and-Answer Session at Moscow State University, 1988 179

2 The New York Times, Mikhail Gorbachev's Heroic Reception in the United States, 1988 189

3 The New York Times, The Fall of the Berlin Wall, 1989 191

4 President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Chairman Mikhail Gorbachev, the End of the Cold War, 1989 196

Chapter 9 After the Cold War 201

1 President George H. W. Bush, the Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, 1990 201

2 Deputy Secretary of Defense, John Deutch, Genocide in Rwanda, 1994 204

3 President Bill Clinton, the Kosovo Crisis, 1999 206

Chapter 10 The War on Terror 212

1 The Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001 212

2 The New York Times, the Public Horror of September 11, 2001 222

3 President George W. Bush, the Bush Doctrine, 2002 225

4 George Packer, the Iraq War, 2005 228

5 Torture at Abu Ghraib Prison, 2004 233

Select Bibliography 235

Index 239

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