Thomas G. Paterson, professor emeritus of history at the University of Connecticut, graduated from the University of New Hampshire (B.A., 1963) and the University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D., 1968). He is the author of Soviet-American Confrontation (1973), Meeting the Communist Threat (1988), On Every Front (1992), Contesting Castro (1994), America Ascendant (with J. Garry Clifford, 1995), and A People and a Nation (with Mary Beth Norton et al., 2001). Tom is also the editor of Cold War Critics (1971), Kennedy's Quest for Victory (1989), Imperial Surge (with Stephen G. Rabe, 1992), The Origins of the Cold War (with Robert McMahon, 1999), Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations (with Michael J. Hogan, 2004), and Major Problems in American Foreign Relations (with Dennis Merrill, 2010). With Bruce Jentleson, he served as senior editor for the Encyclopedia of American Foreign Relations (1997). A microfilm edition of The United States and Castro's Cuba, 1950s-1970s: The Paterson Collection appeared in 1999. He has served on the editorial boards of the Journal of American History and Diplomatic History. A recipient of a Guggenheim fellowship, he has directed National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminars for College Teachers. In 2000 the New England History Teachers Association recognized his excellence in teaching and mentoring with the Kidger Award. Besides visits to many American campuses, Tom has lectured in Canada, China, Colombia, Cuba, New Zealand, Puerto Rico, Russia, and Venezuela. He is a past president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, which in 2008 honored him with the Laura and Norman Graebner Award for "lifetime achievement" in scholarship, service, and teaching. A native of Oregon, Tom is now informally associated with Southern Oregon University.
J. Garry Clifford teaches at the University of Connecticut, where he is a professor of political science and director of its graduate program. Born in Massachusetts, he earned his B.A. from Williams College (1964) and his Ph.D. in history from Indiana University (1969). He has also taught at the University of Tennessee and Dartmouth College and has participated in two National Endowment for the Humanities seminars for high school teachers at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library. For his book The Citizen Soldiers (1972), he won the Frederick Jackson Turner Award of the Organization of American Historians. With Norman Cousins, he has edited Memoirs of a Man: Grenville Clark (1975), and with Samuel R. Spencer, Jr., he has written The First Peacetime Draft (1986). He also co-authored America Ascendant (with Thomas G. Paterson, 1995). With Theodore A. Wilson, he edited and contributed to Presidents, Diplomats, and Other Mortals: Essays in Honor of Robert H. Ferrell (2007). Garry's chapters have appeared in Gordon Martel, ed., American Foreign Relations Reconsidered (1994), Michael J. Hogan and Thomas G. Paterson, eds., Explaining the History of American Foreign Relations (1991 and 2004), Arnold A. Offner and Theodore A. Wilson, eds., Victory in Europe, 1945 (2000), and in the Journal of American History, Review of Politics, Mid-America, American Neptune, and Diplomatic History. Garry has served on the editorial board of Diplomatic History as well as on the editorial board of the Modern War Series of the University Press of Kansas. He is currently writing a book on FDR and American intervention in World War II.
Shane J. Maddock is professor of history at Stonehill College in Easton, Massachusetts, where he also serves on the faculty of the Martin Institute for Law and Society. Born in North Dakota, he earned his B.A. from Michigan State University (1989) and his Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut (1997). He also taught at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy. Shane edited The Nuclear Age (2001) and contributed a chapter to G. Kurt Piehler and Rosemary Mariner, eds., The Atomic Bomb and American Society (2008). He has also published in the Journal of American History, International History Review, Pacific Historical Review, New England Journal of History, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Mid-America, Journal of Military History, American Jewish History, Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, History in Dispute, and Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations. He received fellowships from the Institute for the Study of World Politics, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the Hoover, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson presidential libraries. His book, Nuclear Apartheid: The American Quest for Atomic Supremacy will be published by University of North Carolina Press.
Deborah Kisatsky is associate professor of history at Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts. Born in Pennsylvania, she earned her B.A. (1990) and Ph.D. (2001) from the University of Connecticut. Deborah published The United States and the European Right, 1945-1955 with Ohio State University Press in 2005. She has also published in The American Historical Review, Intelligence and National Security, The Historian, Presidential Studies Quarterly, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, and the Encyclopedia of U.S. Foreign Relations. Deborah has received fellowships from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the Center for European Integration Studies (University of Bonn), the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations, the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, and the Harry S. Truman Institute. She is currently writing a book about the life, thought, and transnational legacy of the nineteenth-century communitarian and social radical Adin Ballou.
Kenneth J. Hagan is a professor of strategy and policy at the U.S. Naval War College, Monterey Program, and professor of history and museum director emeritus at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis. He previously taught at Claremont McKenna College, Kansas State University, and as an adjunct at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. A native of California, he received his A.B. and M.A. from the University of California, Berkeley (1958, 1964) and his Ph.D. from the Claremont Graduate University (1970). Ken is the author of This People's Navy: The Making of American Sea Power (1991), a comprehensive history of American naval strategy and policy since the Revolution, American Gunboat Diplomacy and the Old Navy, 1877-1889 (1973), and co-author with Ian J. Bickerton of Unintended Consequences: The United States at War (2007), a critical reassessment of ten American wars from the American Revolution to Iraq. His scholarship also includes two edited collections of original essays: In Peace and War: Interpretations of American Naval History, 30th Anniversary Edition (2008) and, with William Roberts, Against All Enemies: Interpretations of American Military History from Colonial Times to the Present (1986). He has lectured on the history of U.S. naval strategy at the Canadian Forces College, the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, and the U.S. National War College. Ken has given papers on naval and diplomatic history at professional meetings in Sweden, Greece, Turkey, France, Spain, and the United Kingdom. In 2006 and 2007 he spoke on naval history at conferences hosted by the Royal Australian Navy in Sydney and Canberra. In 2007 and 2008 he discussed the unintended consequences of war at Oxford University and at Strathclyde University in Glasgow, Scotland. For thirty years he has advised the Naval ROTC college program on its naval history course.
1. EMBRYO OF EMPIRE: AMERICANS AND THE WORLD BEFORE 1789. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Jay, Franklin, Adams, and Negotiations for Independence, 1782. Reaching for Independence: Ideology and Commercial Power. Opportunity and Necessity: Alliance with France. What f…France had not formally allied with the United States beginning in 1778? Suspicious Suitors in Europe. A Separate Peace: The Treaty of Paris. Ill-Treated under the Articles of Confederation. The New Constitution and the Legacy of the Founding Generation. 2. INDEPENDENCE, EXPANSION, AND WAR, 1789-1815. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Chesapeake Affair, 1807. The French Revolution Reverberates in America. Commerce, Politics, and Diplomacy: Jay's Treaty. Pinckney's Treaty, France, and Washington's Farewell. Skillful Fencing: The XYZ Affair and the Quasi-War with France. Jefferson's Empire for Liberty? European Madhouse: Blockades, Neutral Trade, and Impressment, 1803-1807. "Peaceable Coercion" and the Path to the War of 1812. In All the Tenses: Why War Came. What if…President Madison had not asked Congress for war in 1812? Wartime Diplomacy and the Peace of Ghent. The Legacy of a War Neither Won Nor Lost. 3. EXTENDING AND PRESERVING THE SPHERE, 1815-1848. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Mexican-American War on the Rio Grande, 1846. Expanding the Sphere: Manifest Destiny. Commercial Ambitions in the Pacific. John Quincy Adams, the Floridas, and the Transcontinental Treaty. The Monroe Doctrine Sets the Compass . Measuring John Bull: Trade, Canada, and Other Intersections. Contest over the Oregon Country. The Texas Bombshell . The War with Mexico and the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. What if…Nicholas P. Trist had not negotiated a peace treaty with Mexico in 1848? The Lessons and Costs of Expansion, 1815-1848. 4. EXPANSIONISM, SECTIONALISM, AND CIVIL WAR, 1848-1865. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: William Walker and Manifest Manhood in Central America, 1855-1860. Sectionalism and Sputtering Expansionism. The South's Dream of Empire. Cuban Allure. Openings to East Asia. Anglo-American Detente, an Isthmian Canal, and Central America. The American Civil War and International Relations. British "Lookers On" Across the Atlantic. What if…Great Britain had recognized the Confederacy during the Civil War? War as Catalyst. 5. ESTABLISHING REGIONAL HEGEMONY AND GLOBAL POWER, 1865-1895. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Foiled Grab of the Dominican Republic, 1869-1870. The Culture of Expansionism and Imperialism. Economic Expansion and Imperial Rivalry. Toward Command of the Seas: The New Navy. Secretary William H. Seward Projects the Future. Great Britain, Canada, and North American Disputes. Americans in Asia: China, Japan, and Korea. Pacific Prizes: Hawai'i and Samoa. What if…there had been no McKinley Tariff in 1890? Eyeing Africa. Latin America Moves into the Yankee Vortex. Going Global. 6. IMPERIALIST LEAP, 1895-1900. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Maine, McKinley, and War, 1898. The Venezuela Crisis of 1895. Men of Empire. Cleveland and McKinley Confront Cuba Libre, 1895-1898. What if…Spain had granted independence to Cuba in 1898? The Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War. Men Versus "Aunties": The Debate over Empire in the United States. Imperial Collisions in Asia: The Philippine Insurrection and the Open Door in China. The Elbows of a World Power, 1895-1900. 7. MANAGING, POLICING, AND EXTENDING THE EMPIRE, 1900-1914. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: Severing Panama from Colombia for the Canal, 1903. Architects of Empire. Cuba's Limited Independence Under the Platt Amendment. The Constable of the Caribbean: The Roosevelt Corollary, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic. Ordering Haiti and Nicaragua. Resisting Revolution in Mexico. Japan, China, and Dollar Diplomacy in Asia. Anglo-American Rapprochement and Empire Building. What if…manliness and civilization had not become linked in the minds of American leaders in the period 1900-1917? 8. WAR, PEACE, AND REVOLUTION IN THE TIME OF WILSON, 1914-1920. DIPLOMATIC CROSSROAD: The Sinking of the Lusitania, 1915. The Travails of Neutrality. Submarines, Neutral Rights, and Mediation Efforts. Wilson's Choices Bring America into World War. The Debate over Preparedness. The Doughboys Make the Difference in Europe. The Fourteen Points and a Contentious Peace Conference. Principle, Personality, Health, and Partisanship: The League Fight. What if…the president had accepted Senate reservations and the United States had joined the League of Nations in 1919-1920? Red Scare at Home and Abroad: Bolshevism and Intervention in Russia. The Whispering Gallery of Global Disorder. APPENDIX: MAKERS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN RELATIONS. GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY. General Reference Works. Overviews of Relations with Countries, Regions, and Other Places of the World, Including Atlases and Gazetteers, Annual Surveys and Chronologies, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias and Dictionaries, and Statistics. Overviews of Subjects, Including Atlases, Annual Surveys, Bibliographies, Biographical Aids, Chronologies, Encyclopedias, and Statistics. INDEX. MAPS AND GRAPHS. The United States After the Treaty of Paris. American Naval Battles, 1798-1815. Looking West. The War with Mexico. Indian Removal from the South. United States Territorial Expansion. The Southern Perspective on Expansion. The Asian Frontier. The Rise of U.S. Economic Power in the World. The Colonization of Africa, Turn of the Century. The Great Powers in Asia, 1900. Panama Canal Zone. U.S. Interventions in the Caribbean and Central America. The Lusitania and U-20. The Outbreak of World War I, Summer 1914. Europe Reshaped by War and Peace.