American Government: Readings and Cases: Study Guide / Edition 16

American Government: Readings and Cases: Study Guide / Edition 16

by Peter Woll
     
 

ISBN-10: 0321355520

ISBN-13: 9780321355522

Pub. Date: 02/25/2005

Publisher: Pearson

Features:

  • This book has been developed to serve as either an ancillary or a core textbook.
  • Extensive notes prepare, connect, and comment on the selections, presenting a more coherent narrative than in other readers.
  • An in-depth but accessible analysis by the author precedes each set of readings/cases to create context, prime the students for key
  • …  See more details below

    Overview

    Features:

  • This book has been developed to serve as either an ancillary or a core textbook.
  • Extensive notes prepare, connect, and comment on the selections, presenting a more coherent narrative than in other readers.
  • An in-depth but accessible analysis by the author precedes each set of readings/cases to create context, prime the students for key points they'll encouter, and foster critical thinking.
  • An instructor’s manual, extensive lecture notes, and sample American Government syllabus helps instructors to quickly adapt the reader to their course.
  • The core readings of the text illustrate the historical foundations of American government, and provide students with a sense of our political heritage. Key concepts and topics covered include:
    • John Locke’s theory of government by consent
    • Madison’s constitutional model of balance and deliberative government in the national interest
    • Hamilton’s model of strong presidential government
    • The Supreme Court’s role in constitutional interpretation, government, and politics
    • The Bill of Rights and the Supreme Court’s interpretation of it
    • The constitutional and political basis of our federal system, highlighted by contemporary developments
    • The importance of Federalist 10 and Madison’s view of factions and special interests
    • The party model of government and the role of parties in the political process
    • How special interests shape our governmental process and policies
    • The characteristics of the presidency and contrasting theories of presidential power
    • Edmund Burke’s Speech to the Electors of Bristol on the proper role of elected representatives
    • The theories of David Mayhew, Richard Fenno, Morris Fiorina, Lawrence Dodd, and Nelson Polsby on Congress
    • How Supreme Court Justices think as they write their opinions, citing examples from William H. Rehnquist, Sandra Day O’Connor, and Antonin Scalia in the privacy area.

    New to this Edition:

    This new edition provides new content on both historic context and modern examples of the reading of the Constitution.

    • Includes the 2008 Supreme Court decision in Boumediene v. Bush, upholding the authority of federal courts to issue writs of habeas corpus to enemy aliens.
    • A new reading on the role of interest groups in government, an issue raised throughout the 2008 presidential election and one of Barack Obama's key talking points.
    • A provocative new reading on the democratic paradox of campaign finance reform, a contentious issue in the 2008 presidential election between Republican John McCain and Democrat Barack Obama.
    • A new section on the right to vote with the classic case Gomillion v. Lightfoot (1960) on racial discrimination in voting.
    • Presidential scholar Edward S. Corwin contributes an article contrasting constitutional perspectives on presidential power.
    • A new reading focuses on James Madison's views at the Constitutional Convention on the role of federalism in a balanced governmental system, and a 1890 article from the Harvard Law Review discusses the constitutional basis of privacy.

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  • Product Details

    ISBN-13:
    9780321355522
    Publisher:
    Pearson
    Publication date:
    02/25/2005
    Edition description:
    16TH
    Pages:
    88
    Product dimensions:
    6.20(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.30(d)

    Table of Contents

    Ch. 1Constitutional government3
    Constitutional democracy : the rule of law3
    Framing the Constitution : elitist or democratic process?10
    Limitation of governmental power and of majority rule41
    Interpreting the Constitution45
    Ch. 2Federalism50
    Constitutional background : national versus state power51
    Implied powers and the supremacy of national law74
    A perspective on federalism : present and future83
    State politics and constitutional government88
    National power over the states : a recurring constitutional debate95
    Ch. 3Civil liberties and civil rights105
    Constitutional background105
    The nationalization of the Bill of Rights112
    The Fourteenth Amendment116
    Freedom of speech and press124
    Expanding the boundaries of permissible criticism of government and public officials130
    Equal protection of the laws : school desegregation136
    The judicial sources of major political controversies over civil liberties and rights145
    The establishment clause and the issue of school prayer146
    School vouchers and the establishment clause154
    The right to abortion156
    Affirmative action167
    Ch. 4Political parties and the electorate175
    Constitutional background175
    Constitutional protection of parties183
    The party model of government185
    Political parties in divided government193
    Functions and types of elections201
    Party decline and electoral decay212
    Voting behavior : rational or irrational?218
    Political campaigns and the electorate226
    Political parties and campaign finance : constitutional issues regulating political campaigns230
    The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002236
    A perspective on the act247
    Ch. 5Interest groups253
    Constitutional background253
    The nature and functions of interest groups259
    How American government and politics enhance interest group power273
    Money, PACs, and elections277
    Ch. 6The presidency287
    Constitutional background : single versus plural executive287
    The nature of the presidency : power, persuasion, and paradoxes290
    Presidential politics302
    Presidential character and style303
    Presidential leadership and political parties313
    Presidential elections327
    The constitutional presidency and emergency powers331
    Ex Parte Quirin (1942) as a precedent for military tribunals to try suspected terrorists338
    Ch. 7The bureaucracy350
    Constitutional background350
    The political roots and consequences of bureaucracy355
    Ch. 8Congress364
    Constitutional background : representation of popular, group, and national interests364
    Congress and the Washington political establishment : Congress emerges as a professional body shaped by reelection and internal power incentives372
    Committee chairmen as political entrepreneurs385
    Congress and the electoral connection397
    Ch. 9The judiciary426
    Constitutional background : judicial independence and judicial review426
    Powers and limitations of the Supreme Court435
    A case study of judicial self-restraint : the Pledge of Allegiance case and the First Amendment's establishment clause442
    The use of the standing doctrine as procedural self-restraint : a case study442
    Judicial decision making447
    Interpreting the Constitution455
    The contemporary debate over constitutional interpretation456
    App. 1The Declaration of Independence466
    App. 2The Constitution of the United States470

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